Naval Dockyards Society

Exploring the civil branches of navies & their material culture

Transactions Indexes to view

Combined index to Transactions volume 1, Portsmouth Dockyard in the Age of Nelson, and volume 2, Gibraltar as a Naval Base and Dockyard

References to illustrations are in italics.

A

Abbot, Charles  1.69

Abraham, Israel  1.104

Addington, Henry, Prime Minister

     appoints Earl St Vincent First Lord of the Admiralty  1.59

     resigns  1.60

Admiraal De Suffren (Dutch East India Company ship)  1.102, 103

Admiralty

     Committee to advise on discoveries and inventions (1829)  1.18

     Earl St Vincent, First Lord, see St Vincent, Admiral Sir John Jervis, Earl

     Labour Section  2.74, 75

     relationship with Navy Board  1.9

     Sir Charles Yorke, First Lord, see Yorke, Sir Charles

Admiralty Inspector General of Naval Works, see Inspector General of Naval Works

Admiralty Progress Books, hold near complete records of ships entering Portsmouth Dockyard  1.50

Adventure, HMS  2.23, 24

Aetna (bomb), HMS  2.83

Agamemnon (64), HMS (1781)  2.83

agents victualler and victualling agents

     instructions for  2.56

     responsibilities of  2.56–7

     salary of  2.60

     victuallers to the fleet  2.63

     Victualling Board, see Victualling Board

     see also Bolton, Thomas; Brown, Nicholas; Cutforth, James; Ford, Richard; Heatley, David; St Michel, Balthazar; Vaughan, ?; Wilkie, Patrick; Wills, William; Yeo, James

Albion Flour Mills, London  1.65

Alexandria Dockyard  2.73

     working party of final year apprentices (1941)  2.74

Algeçiras, Bay of  2.10

     British attack on (1727)  2.36

     hospitals at (1726)  2.32

     magazine at (1726)  2.32

Algiers: Barbary regency  2.11, 12

Allcott, John: Storekeeper at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.104

Allen, William, of the Royal Institution: and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ system (19 November 1811)  1.12

Allin, Sir Thomas  2.23

Amazon (38), HMS (1799): sheathed with recycled copper from the Metal Mills  1.74–75

anchors: mixed metal more economic than iron  1.25

Ann transport (1800)  2.62

Ansbach, Margravine of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard  1.93

Antigua: water collection at  2.84

Apollo (36), HMS (1799): sailors paid off cause problems in Portsmouth (April 1802)  1.99

Aranjuez, Convention of  2.52

Arethusa (38), HMS (1781): sailors paid off cause problems in Portsmouth (April 1802)  1.99

army, British

     regiments

          Bissett’s regiment  2.32

          25th Foot  2.42

          29th Foot  2.42

          72nd Foot  2.39

          73rd Foot  2.38

     battalions

          Clayton’s  2.35

          Guards  2.35

Arnaud, Elias  1.104

Artois, Charles Philippe, Comte d’  2.41

Arundel: Thomas Fitzherbert as MP (1780)  1.95

Assistance transport (1800)  2.61

Atkins, Samuel  2.27

     describes Gibraltar (1682)  2.23

Avery, Philip: contractor for painter’s work, Portsmouth Dockyard  1.96

Ayde, General Sir John  2.67

Aylmer, Matthew  2.20

B

Bacon, Admiral Sir Reginald  2.67

Baden-Powell, George  2.67

bake house, Victualling Board

     built (1740) in King Street, Portsmouth  1.35

     contains only six ovens  1.35

     fire hazard  1.36

     production of biscuit  1.43

Baker, John, commands Sallee squadron  2.13

Baker, William  1.104

Baltimore (Co. Cork): attacked by Barbary corsairs  2.9

Banks, Sir Joseph, President of the Royal Society

     and Congo River exploration  1.17

     death (1820)  1.12, 18

     and George III  1.12

     interests, achievements and involvement in naval enquiries  1.12

     at presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  1.11

     and Royal Society  1.15

Barbary Coast: relations with Britain after the Treaty of Utrecht  2.32

Barfleur (90), HMS (1768): spends 323 days in dry dock (1792–1793) in Portsmouth  1.50

Barham, Charles Middleton, Lord, First Lord of the Admiralty

     Commission for Revising and Digesting the Civil Affairs of His Majesty’s Navy (Commission of Revision)  1.59, 75

     Commission of Naval Enquiry  1.75

     replaced at Admiralty (1806)  1.74

Barlow, Admiral Robert

     Commissioner of Chatham Dockyard  1.17

     Naval Fellow of the Royal Society  1.17

     senior naval officer at Gibraltar (1804)  2.59

Barrallier, Jean Louis, Second Assistant to the Surveyors: reports on Robert Seppings’ submission  1.11

Barrow, John, FRS

     appointed to the Council of the Royal Society (1814)  1.15

     involvement in Robert Seppings’ system  1.10, 12, 15–18

     Second Secretary to the Admiralty (1804–1806 and 1807–1845)  1.10

Beach, Samuel, superintendent in the Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard

     pay  1.71

     progress on constructing two furnaces  1.68

Beaufort, Captain Francis: elected to the Royal Society (1814)  1.16

Beckman, Martin, Tangier Master Engineer: on the advantages of Gibraltar  2.24

Bedford, John, quarterman  1.105

Belle (or Balle), Captain Andreas  1.101

Belleisle (74), HMS (1795)  2.83

Bellerophon (74), HMS (1786)  2. 83

Bellona (74), HMS (1760)  2.59

Belvidere (East India Company ship): launched at Itchenor (April 1787)  1.93

Benamor, Lieutenant Fell: superintends hoys at Portsmouth (1808–1809)  1.40

Beneficial Society’s Hall, Portsmouth  1.104

Bentham, Jeremy, brother of Samuel, writer on jurisprudence  1.21

Bentham, Samuel: Admiralty Inspector General of Naval Works (1796–1807)

     ascertaining the strength of different metals begun by (1798)  1.25

     bars uneconomic customs used in private yards  1.24

     block-manufacturing machines  1.62

     Block Mills for Portsmouth Dockyard  1.63

     circular fixed saw  1.86

     colonel in the service of Catherine the Great of Russia (from 1780)  1.21

     covered docks and slips

          at Karlscrona, Sweden (1807)  1.26

          Portsmouth Dockyard  1.26

     demonstrates the use of steam engines at Westminster  1.23–24

     deputy (Simon Goodrich, 1805–1807)  1.65

     develops philosophical principles for the management of industrial organisations  1.22

     directs actual works and production lines  1.22

     fire-proof buildings in the dockyards  1.27

     given the management of the Wood Mills, Metal Mills, and Millwrights at Portsmouth Dockyard by the Navy Board  1.24

     inspects all dockyards (1795)  1.59

     introduces cofferdams at Portsmouth Dockyard together with strengthening embankments and quays  1.27

     machine tools at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.24

     mill for making roman cement established at Sheerness Dockyard  1.28

     moves to Navy Board (August 1808)  1.79

     office at the Navy Board abolished (1812)  1.79

     panopticon prison project (1794)  1.27

     papers by him, see ‘statements of services’ papers

     plans for Chatham’s number one slipway, see covered dock and slips

     position equivalent to today’s Integrated Project Team Manager  1.51

     proposes fitting and storing vessels within the dockyard  1.26

     pumps in Portsmouth Dockyard use steam engine  1.23

     and resistance to the introduction of new technology  1.22

     Rosetta Water Tanks, Gibraltar  2.86

     Russian shipbuilding project (1805–1807)  1.79

     sawmill at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.24

     shipbuilding at Redbridge, Hampshire  1.23

     steam-driven woodworking machinery  1.23–24, 45n

     steam engine at Redbridge, Hampshire  1.23

     submits plans to reorganize Portsmouth Dockyard (1795)  1.59

     technologies pioneered by him in the dockyards impossible to implement due to lack of coherent development  1.37

     title or rank of general  1.21

     trains as shipwright  1.60

     Victualling facilities at Portsmouth Dockyard

          inadequacies of  1.35

          new store for (1800–1801)  1.37

     Wood Mill at Chatham Dockyard (1813)  1.25

Berri, Duke of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard  1.93

Berwick (70), HMS (1723)  2.34

Beverley, John

     master attendant at Gibraltar  2.24

     master attendant at Tangier  2.21, 22

Bideford: attacked by Barbary corsairs  2.9

Bideford (20), HMS (1718)  2.13, 15

bills of exchange  2.56

Black, John, ‘The Background to the Establishment of a Naval Dockyard at Gibraltar Following the Naval Defence Act of 1889’  2.65–71

Blake, Sir Robert, General-at-Sea  2.19

block contractors, Plymouth Dockyard

     Dunsterville, Bartholomew  1.62

     Dunsterville, William  1.60

Block Mills, Portsmouth: see Portsmouth Royal Dockyard: Block Mills

blockade of the French fleet at Brest, using Torbay as anchorage (from 1798)  1.41

blocks, wood

     inserting metal bushes  1.61

     lignum vitae for  1.61, 66, 90

     machine tools, Brunel not responsible for introduction  1.85

     manufacture of  1.55–58, 61, 85–92

     mortising machine for the shell of pulley blocks, Brunel’s only fully automatic machine  1.87–89

     new table of dimensions  1.61

     supply of, to the Royal Navy  1.56, 60–61

Board of Commissioners for Revising the Civil Affairs of the Navy, see Commission of Revision

Board of Longitude  1.13–14

Bolton, Thomas  2.59

Bombay: East India Company’s yard builds HMS Malabar (74)  1.16

Bombay Castle (East India Company ship): lent to the Royal Navy as a transport (1780)  1.101

Bombay Dockyard  2.66, 67, 69

Boreas transport (1800)  2.62

Borthwick, Captain Richard  2.21, 22

Boscawen, Admiral Edward  2.16

Bo(r)schetti, Gian (or Juan) Maria  2.57, 58, 84, 86

Boulton, Arthur, shipwright  1.105

Boulton, Matthew: works with James Watt and Josiah Wedgwood  1.65

Boulton and Watt steam engines

     installed in HMS Congo  1.17

     at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.80

     used for the first generation of Royal Navy steamships  1.17

Bourbon, Louis Henri, Duc de  2.41

Bowes-Smith, Arthur  1.101

Bowles, Phineas: storekeeper and muster master at Tangier  2.24, 26, 27

Boyle, Captain the Hon. Courtenay

     elected to the Royal Society (1814)  1.16

     Naval Fellow of the Royal Society  1.17

Bramah, Joseph  1.86

Brassey, Thomas, 1st Earl  2.67

Breadhower, John: Portsmouth bookseller  1.103

Breen, Kenneth, ‘Gibraltar: Pivot of Naval Strategy in 1781’  2.47–54

Brest, blockade of the French fleet at

     in 1781  2.49, 50

     from 1798  1.41

Brilliant (28), HMS (1789)  2.39, 41

Brilliant (East India Company ship): repaired at Portsmouth Dockyard (1782)  1.101

Brisbane, John: secretary of the Admiralty  2.22, 23, 24

Bristol (48), HMS (1653)  2.22, 23

Brixham reservoir  1.67

Broderick, Vice Admiral Thomas  2.16

Brown, Nicholas: agent victualler to the fleet  2.56, 63

Bruce, Captain James A. T.  2.70

Brunel, Marc Isambard

     automatic mortising machine for the shell of pulley blocks  1.87–89

     boring machine  1.86–87

     Chief Engineer, New York  1.62

     circular saw for cutting logs for shells and sheaves for pulley blocks  1.66, 86, 90

     coaking machine  1.91–92

     corner saw  1.89

     helps to train the workmen at the Block Mills, Portsmouth Dockyard  1.22

     introduces the principle of the crank to mortising machines  1.88

     leading light for Maudslay, Bentham and Goodrich  1.85

     machines produced by him are mainly semi-automatic  1.85

     marries Sophia Kingdom, daughter of William Kingdom  1.62

     milling machinery  1.22

     offers his patented machine drawings to the Taylors and to Samuel Bentham  1.62

     proposer for John Knowles’s election to the Royal Society (1822)  1.17

     at the reading of Robert Seppings’ paper (10 March 1814)  1.15

     rounding saw  1.91

bucket dredger driven by steam engine

     completed in Portsmouth Dockyard (1802)  1.28

     designed by Bentham, first of its kind  1.28

     dredging depth reaches 26ft below low water (1812)  1.28

     second dredger built to work in the Thames  1.28

Buckingham, George Villiers, 1st Duke of: Anglo-Spanish War  2.10

Bucknell, Thomas: Builder Assistant at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.104

Budgen or Budger, John: scavelman and landlord  1.104

Bunce, Samuel

     designs Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard with Edward Holl  1.64

     works in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  1.21

Burford (70), HMS (1722)  2.34

Burnett, Sir William (FRS), Director of Medical Services  1.18

Burr, James

     career  1.83n

     works in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  1.21

Byam Martin, Admiral Sir Thomas: see Martin, Admiral Sir Thomas Byam

Byng, George

     deficiencies of Gibraltar (1709)  2.12

     Mediterranean experience  2.11, 28

Byng, Pattee  2.13

C

Cadiz

     alternative to Tangier for the English Mediterranean fleet  2.21, 22

     English attack on (1625)  2.10

     Spanish expedition  2.14

Cadiz fleet (Spanish)  2.14

Cadiz squadron (French)  2.16

Cadiz squadron (Spanish)  2.36

Calcutta (East India Company ship)  1.101

Calvi, Giovanni Battista: constructs Charles V Wall, Gibraltar (16th century)  2.7

Calypso transport (1801)  2.61

Camber: East India Company acquires storage and repair facilities (by 1760)  1.100

Campbell, Lt Colin  2.41

Canterbury (60), HMS (1722)  2.34

Cape Clear  2.50

Cape Espartel  2. 52

Cape Palos  2.39

Cape Passaro, Battle of (1718)  2.12

Cape St Mary  2.35, 52

Cape St Vincent  2.52

Cape Spartel  2.14, 15, 35

Cape Trafalgar  2.15

Cape Velez Malaga, Battle of (1704)  2.19

careening

     at Gibraltar (1680–82)  2.10

     at Tangier  2.10

Careening Bay, Gibraltar  2.68

Carnatic (East India Company ship): lent to the Royal Navy as a transport (1780)  1.101

Carpenter, George, 1st Baron: Governor of Minorca  2.35

Carrier transport (1800)  2.61

Caruana, Peter: and the Rosia Water Tanks  2.81, 83, 86

Catherine of Braganza  2.10, 20

Catherine the Great: and Samuel Bentham  1.21

Cavendish, Admiral Philip: commands Sallee squadron  2.13

Ceuta  2.15

     Spanish garrison  2.32

Channel Squadron, English/British

     Gibraltar as shelter for  2.66

     ironclads for  2.65

Charles, Archduke (Charles VI)  2.9

Charles II, King: Mediterranean strategy  2.11

Charlotte sloop  2.36

Chatham Royal Dockyard

     Bentham’s plans for number one slipway (1811–1812)  1.26

     Commissioners

          Admiral Robert Barlow  1.17

     contract labourers at  2.68

     fire-extinguishing works  1.25

     Howe (120), HMS (1815), built using Robert Seppings’ diagonal system  1.14

     Kent (74), HMS (1798), rebuilt to Robert Seppings’ principles  1.9

     Master Shipwrights

          Samuel Bentham, see Bentham, Samuel

          William Gray  1.60

          Robert Seppings, see Seppings, Robert

     Peake, Sir Henry, first assistant master shipwright  1.60

     Peake, John, trains there  1.63

     ropery

          lead yard  1.53

          production  1.53

     Wood Mill erected (1813)  1.25

          chips (dockyard privilege)  1.59, 69, 81, 99

Chesapeake, Battle of  2.49–50, 51

Chichester, Rear Admiral Sir Edward  2.70

Christ Church, Oxford  1.97

Christian, Admiral Sir Hugh  1.40, 42

Civil Architect and Engineer of the Navy

     new name for Inspector General of Naval Works (1807)  1.21

     post abolished (1812)  1.21

Clayton, Colonel Jasper: Lieutenant Governor of Gibraltar  2.34

Clerk, Sir George (FRS): Admiralty policy-maker  1.17

clerks, at Gibraltar victualling yard  2.60

coaks, manufacture of  1.57, 78

Coats, Ann

     ‘Rosia Water Tanks, Gibraltar’  2.81–7

     ‘The Block Mills: new labour practices for new machines?’  1.59–84

Cockburn, Admiral Sir George (FRS)

     Admiralty policy-maker  1.17

     praises the partial application of Robert Seppings’ system to HMS Northumberland (74)  1.16

coffer dam at Portsmouth Dockyard, introduced by Samuel Bentham  1.27

Coffin, Rear Admiral Sir Isaac

     career  1.84

     enquires about the cost of re-manufacturing copper  1.76

     visits the Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard with Nelson  1.82

Colchester (50), HMS (1721): siege of Gibraltar (1727)  2.34, 35

Colchester (50), HMS (1746): convoys Indiamen (1757)  1.100

Collins, Mr, of the Victualling Office, Portsmouth  1.93

Collins, Grenville  2.23

Colombo: dockyard proposed (1942)  2.78

Colossus (74), HMS (1803)

     after Trafalgar (1805)  2.83

     sheathed with recycled copper from the Metal Mills  1.75

Colquhoun, Patrick, ‘Treatise on the Police of the Metropolis’  1.69

Commission of Naval Enquiry  1.60, 74

Commission of Revision (Commission for Revising and Digesting the Civil Affairs of His Majesty’s Navy)  1.59, 65, 74, 75

Commission on Fees  1.43, 59

Committee on the Copper Trade  1.76

cone clutch  1.88

Congo (12), HMS (1816), paddle-wheeler

     Boulton and Watt steam engine  1.17

     designed by Robert Seppings, for exploration of the Congo River  1.17

Congo River, exploration of  1.17

Conqueror (74), HMS (1801)

     fitting out, inventory of tasks completed in Plymouth by Joseph Tucker  1.33

     present at Trafalgar  1.32

     wages expended on repair (£303 3s 9d)  1.32

Controllers of the Navy: see Martin, Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Byam; Thompson, Captain Sir Thomas Boulden

coopers, at Gibraltar victualling yard  2.60, 61

Copley Gold Medal of the Royal Society: awarded to Robert Seppings (1818)  1.16

copper

     Colossus (74), HMS (1803), sheathed with recycled copper from Portsmouth Dockyard’s Metal Mills  1.75

     cost of re-manufacturing  1.76, 78

     Hibernia (110), HMS (1804), sheathed with recycled copper from Portsmouth Dockyard’s Metal Mills  1.74

     Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard re-process  1.25, 51, 53

     smelting furnaces at royal dockyards for re-processing  1.25

copper trade, control of supply and prices  1.76–77

Corbin, Ambrose, shipwright  1.104

Cordon-Cadence, Luis Lopez  2.75

Córdova y Córdova, Admiral Luis de  2.52, 53

Cornwall, Rear Admiral Charles: commands Sallee squadron  2.12, 13, 15

Cornwall, Admiral Wolfran  2.28

Cort, Henry  1.72

covered docks and slips

     Navy Board recommends covering docks and slipways extensively  1.26

     Samuel Bentham views the covered docks in Karlscrona, Sweden (1807)  1.26

     Samuel Bentham’s plans for Chatham Dockyard’s number one slipway (1811/1812)  1.26

Cox, William, shipwright  1.104

Crillon, Louis, Duc de  2.42

Croker, John Wilson, First Secretary of the Admiralty

     agent for Robert Seppings’ knighthood (1819)  1.17

     member of the Council of the Royal Society  1.15

     proposes Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  1.16

Cromwell, Oliver  2.10, 19

Crown merchantman  2.23

Cruiser (6), HMS (1721)  2.34

Cruttenden (East India Company ship): repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (April 1770)  1.100

Cuba  2.9

Cuddemore, William, victualler and pub landlord  1.104

Culatto, Lionel  2.83, 84, 86

Curtis, Captain Sir Roger  2.39, 41

     Franco-Spanish attack on Gibraltar (1782)  2.42

Cutforth, James: agent victualler  2.59, 60

D

da Vinci, Leonardo  1.88, 90, 92

Damerum, Thomas, shipwright  1.104

Danish Asiatic Company, uses Portsmouth Dockyard for repairs

     Johanna and Maria (May 1787)  1.101

     Providentia (1785)  1.101

Darby, Vice Admiral George  2.44

     commands Western Squadron  2.50

     at Cork (1781)  2.51–2

     relieves Gibraltar (1781)  2.17, 39, 47, 48, 49, 51, 53

Darch, Thomas

     career  1.84n

     First Clerk at the Admiralty Naval Works Department  1.74

Darwin: operational repair base proposed (1942)  2.78

Davies, J. David: ‘Gibraltar in Naval Strategy c. 1600–1783’  2.8–18

Davis, Joseph, Clerk of the Cheque at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.104

Davy, Humphry

     electricity based protection systems for copper sheathing a failure  1.18

     President of the Royal Society  1.18

de Castries, Charles, Minister of the Marine  2.50–51

de Grasse, Admiral François

     commands fleet in Brest (1781)  2.49

     sails for the West Indies (1781)  2.50

de Repalda, Don Lorenzo, Governor of Gibraltar  2.27

Denis, Vice Admiral Sir Peter: commands Sallee squadron  2.13

Denston, Stokeham  1.105

d’Estaing, Admiral Charles Hector, Comte, see Estaing, Admiral Charles Hector, Comte d’

Diaper, John  1.104

Diddams, Nicholas, Master Shipwright at Portsmouth Dockyard: builds Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard with Sir Henry Peake  1.64

Deptford Royal Dockyard

     ballast-heaving engine, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  1.67

     steam-driven circular saws for cutting staves for casks, proposed by Samuel Bentham (1807)  1.45n

Deptford Victualling Office

     horse wheel pump for  1.67

     single system with Portsmouth and Plymouth  1.37, 45n

Devonport Dockyard  2.66, 69

Diana transport (1800)  2.61

Dockyard Mobile Squad, Gibraltar

     created (1941)  2.75

     disbanded (1943)  2.77

     at Freetown, Sierra Leone  2.77

     at Gibraltar (1942–43)  2.76–7

     recruitment from home yard workers  2.75–6

Domett, Admiral Sir William, Lord of the Admiralty: supporter of Robert Seppings  1.14

Doncaster transport (1800)  2.62

Douty, Obedience, spinster  1.104

Dreadnought, HMS  2.70

dredgers, steam bucket ladder, designed by Samuel Bentham  1.28, 52

Drinkwater, Captain John  2.39

     on the scarcity of supplies (1781)  2.48

     on Spanish strength (1781)  2.48

Duff, Vice Admiral Robert: commands squadron at Gibraltar  2.37

Duke of Palma: visits Portsmouth Dockyard (1800)  1.93

Dummer, Edward  1.60

Duncan, Henry: Deputy Controller  1.64

Dundas, Henry: and Bentham’s steam-driven woodworking machinery  1.24

Dundas, Robert Saunders, see Melville, Robert Dundas, 2nd Viscount

Dunsterville, Bartholemew, of Plymouth, block contractors  1.62

Dunsterville, Thomas: fellow shipwright apprentice at Chatham with Samuel Bentham  1.60

Dunsterville, William, of Plymouth, block contractors  1.60

Durban

     dockyard  2.74

     operational repair base proposed (1942)  2.78

Dursley Galley (20), HMS (1719)  2.34, 35

Dutch East India Company

     agent (from 1749) George Huish  1.102

     Batavia-bound ships visiting Portsmouth  1.(1759–1795)  1.102

     deserters find refuge in Portsmouth  1.103

     Voorland stays in dock in Portsmouth for repair for 65 days  1.102

E

Eagleton, Edward  1.103

East India Company

     Belvidere launched at Itchenor (April 1787)  1.93

     Cruttenden repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (April 1770)  1.100

     Cuvera, see Malabar

     Hartwell launched at Itchenor (May 1787)  1.93

     Malabar (56), HMS, built by, to Robert Seppings’ system (1798)  1.16

     Portsmouth Dockyard handles the bulk of repair work  1.100

     relationship with the Royal Navy  1.00

     Speaker repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (March 1772)  1.100

     storage and repair facilities in the Camber (by 1760)  1.100–101

Eastern Beach, Gibraltar  2.83

Edgcumbe, Commodore George: commands Sallee squadron  2.13

Edward, Prince, Duke of Kent: Governor of Gibraltar  2.83

Edye, John (FRS): Chief Constructor  1.18

Elba: bread ovens supply the British fleet (1800–01)  2.63

Elfi Bey, the ‘Mameluke Chief’: tours Portsmouth Dockyard (1803)  1.93

Elliot, Hon. William, Admiralty Commissioner  1.60

Elliott, Lieutenant General William Augustus: Governor of Gibraltar  2.37, 38, 41, 43

     career  1.85n

embezzlement from Portsmouth Dockyard (1774–1780)  1.98–99

England, attempted Franco-Spanish invasion of  2.16–17

English Harbour, Antigua: water collection at  2.84

Enterprise (28), HMS (1774)  2.39, 41

Erin, HMS  2.75

Estaing, Admiral Charles Hector, Comte d’

     commands Brest fleet (1781)  2.50–51

     commands Toulon squadron (1778)  2.16

Europa Point, Gibraltar  2.83

F

Fanny transport (1800)  2.62

Faro: careening at  2.12

Ferret (10), HMS (1711)  2.13

Fides transport (1801)  2.61

Figueras, Martin  2.86

fire insurance  1.104, 105

Fisher, Henry Jr., baker  1.104

fitting and storing naval vessels within the boundary of a dockyard

     deepening and enlarging the basin  1.26

     halving the length of the existing double dock  1.26

     using caissons or floating dams to serve as gates  1.26, 51

     using pumps with moveable steam engines to control the water level in docks  1.26

Fitzherbert, Thomas (1746–1822), merchant in Portsmouth

     becomes Arundel’s MP with Lord Sandwich’s backing (1780)  1.95

     leases Stubbington Manor on Portsea Island  1.95

     supplies horses to Portsmouth Dockyard  1.95

fleet reviews in Portsmouth (1773 and 1778)  1.98

floating docks  2.73

Flora transport (1801)  2.61

food, naval: sailors’ complaints in HMS Namur (90) (January 1758)  1.99

Forbes, Captain George, Baron  2.36

Ford, Richard, agent victualler  2.56

     opens a victualling yard at Palermo (1805–08)  2.63

     uses Madalena Islands as a rendezvous (1803–05)  2.63

Fortune (16), HMS (1780)  2.43

Fowler, Thomas  2.27

Fox, Henry Edward  2.83

Frankland, Thomas, Admiralty policy-maker  1.17

Freetown, Sierra Leone

     floating dock and crane  2.77

     Mobile Dockyard Squad  2.77

     naval dry dock  2.66

French navy: blockaded at Brest, using Torbay as anchorage (from 1798)  1.41

Frett, Edward  1.104

G

Ganges (East India Company ship): lent to the Royal Navy as a transport (1780)  1.101

Garden Island naval base  2.78

Garthshore, William  1.60

     career  1.85

Gauden, Jonathan

     English agent at Gibraltar (1686–90)  2.11, 12

     storekeeper and muster master at Gibraltar (1684–90)  2.27, 28

Geddes, James  2.59

George III, King of Great Britain: intimate of Sir Joseph Banks  1.12

Gibraltar, English then British base at (from 1686)

     abandoned (1735–37)  2.14

     advantages of  2.19, 23, 24

     agent at  2.11

     arsenal (1905–06)  2.68

     barracks  2.37

     breakwater proposed (1759)  2.37

     Buena Vista Barracks  2.83

     captured by England (1704)  2.7, 9, 11, 19

     careening at  2.10

          fourth and fifth rate ships  2.12

          Gloucester hulk  2.24

          in the siege of 1727  2.34, 35

     casemates  2.37

     coaling station  2.66, 68

     convict colony (to 1875)  2.68

     Cumberland Buildings  2.76

     deficiencies of  2.12, 14, 24–5

     dockyard

          construction of  2.68

          dry docks

               1905–06  2.67–68, 68, 69

               1941  2.74

          established (1894)  2.65

     Dockyard Mobile Squad  2.7, 75–6

     Europa Point

          affordable housing  2.82

          battery  2.41

          proposed new barracks (1725)  2.32

     for the Mediterranean fleet

          1680  2.22, 23, 24

          1739  2.14

     for the Sallee squadron  2.7, 11, 12

     forge built (1680/1)  2.25

     garrison hospital  2.32, 34

     Grand Arsenal  2.81

     hutments (1940)  2.75, 76

     hospital (1746)  2.15, 31, 37

     Jewish community  2.32

     King’s Bastion  2.37, 42

     maps of  2.10, 33, 40, 75

     mast house and pond (1756)  2.15

     naval commissioner appointed (1756)  2.15

     naval garrison (1905–06)  2.68

     naval hospital (1905–06)  2.68, 81

     New Mole at

          boom for (1780)  2.39

          extended (19th century)  2.67, 68, 69, 70,

          floating batteries  2.41

          Spanish fireship attack (1780)  2.38–9

     Old Mole at

          bastion proposed (1759)  2.37

          battery erected (1727)  2.35, 36

          built by Spain (1615–70)  2.10

          described by Samuel Atkins (1682)  2.23

          permission to use granted to France (1687)  2.27

          surveyed (1680)  2.22

     Parson’s (Lodge) Battery  2.81, 83

     Prince’s Lines  2.37

     proposed capture by England (1656)  2.10

     Ragged Staff, wells at  2.84

     Rosia Water Tanks, see Rosia Water Tanks

     Royal Yacht Squadron  2.67

     sieges of

          Franco-Spanish (1704–05)  2.11, 31

          Great Siege (1779–83)  2.7, 9, 16, 31

               map  2.40

               Franco-Spanish attack (1782)  2.42

               scarcity of food and supplies  2.48

     siege of 1726–27  2.7, 34–7

               British casualties  2.36

     Spanish crown property  2.7, 24

     stores and storehouses  2.44

          Algerine prizes used for (1681)  2.27

          Spanish bombardment (1780–81)  2.41

          store sheds built (after 1727)  2.37

          storehouses built by Gauden (1686)  2.27

          storehouses built by Herbert (1680/1)  2.25

          storehouses built on the New Mole (1720s)  2.31, 38

          storehouses completed (1746)  2.12

          Unity tender (1727)  2.35

          victualling stores (1813)  2.58–9, 81

          Waterport  2.57

          White Convent  2.57

     strategic role  2.12,31, 53

     supplies for  2.32

     topography and natural defences  2.32

     trade at  2.24,66

     victualling agents, see agents victualler

     victualling wharf

          built (1736)  2.12

          inadequate after the loss of Minorca (1756)  2.15–16

     victualling yard (1812)  2.57, 86

          cholera epidemic (1804)  2.59

          coal store, fire in (1807) 59

          pay at  2.61

          purpose and function  2.64

          staff at  2.60

     water supply at  2.57, 84, 85, see also Rosia Water Tanks

     Waterportvictualling storehouse  2.57

     White Convent victualling storehouse  2.57

     Willis’s Battery  2.35, 36, 37, 38, 42, 43

     workers in

          Gibraltarian  2.74

          Spanish  2.69, 74–5

Gibraltar, Straits of  2.10, 15

Gibraltar Royal Dockyard, see Gibraltar, English then British base at

Gibson, Captain John  2.41

Gilbert, K. R.: definitive work on block-making machinery  1.85

Glen Rocky Distillery  2.85

Gloucester, HMS

     careening hulk at Gibraltar (1680)  2.24

     careening hulk at Tangier (1680)  2.21–2

Godfrey, Sir Edmondberry  2.23

Godolphin, Francis: English ambassador to Spain  2.27

Godolphin, Sidney, 1st Earl  2.9

Gonzales, Juan  2.61

Gooden, John, quarterman  1.105

Goodrich, Simon, mechanist, Admiralty and Navy Board employee

     attends Arbitration Court (1810)  1.65

     Bentham’s deputy (1805–1807)  1.65

     Brunel is leading light for  1.85

     in customized research teams with Watt, Wedgwood etc.  1.65

     draughtsman to Samuel Reke then succeeds him (in 1799)  1.67

     describes how politics are affecting the future of the Block Mills (1806)  1.75

     early life and family history  1.64

     engineer and mechanist to the Navy Board  1.(1814)  1.79

     makes plans, estimates and supervises great variety of projects outside the Block Mills  1.67

     marries Susanna Lloyd  1.64

     mechanist to the Navy Board (1799)  1.65

     moves to Portsmouth (1814)  1.79

     moves to Portugal (1834)  1.80

     papers in the Science Museum Library  1.63

     position at the Navy Board abolished (December 1812)  1.79

     prime mover in the industrialization of the dockyards (1812–1831)  1.80

     reports on the merits of Robert Seppings’ repair of the Justitia (1817)  1.16

     runs the Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.65

     services listed by Samuel Reke (1806)  1.65

     Society of Arts prizes  1.65

     transferred to Navy Board (October 1807)  1.65

     wide-ranging interests  1.65

     works in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  1.21

Goodricke, Sir Henry: English ambassador to Spain  2.24

Goodwin, Peter, ‘Preparing HMS Victory and the ships for Trafalgar’  1.31–34

Gower, Captain Leveson  1.100

Graham, Sir James: First Lord of the Admiralty (1830)  1.80, 81

Grand Storehouse, Portsmouth: paid for by the Victualling Board  1.37

Grantham, Thomas Robinson, 2nd Baron  2.9

Graves, Admiral Thomas: Battle of the Chesapeake  2.49–50

Gray, William, Master Shipwright at Chatham Dockyard: trains Samuel Bentham  1.60

Great Britain: Mediterranean strategy (1600–1783)  2.9, 11, 12, 13, 17

Green, Colonel William  2.37

Green Row Rooms, Portsmouth  1.104

Greenock  2.76

Greenway, John  1.105

Grenville, Thomas: First Lord of the Admiralty (1806)  1.74

Grey, Charles: First Lord of the Admiralty (1806)  1.74

Grimshaw, John: Sunderland ropemaker  1.75, 78

Gun Wharf, Portsmouth  1.37

Guerrier (ex-Guerrière) storage ship (1800)  2.62, 63

H

Haddock, Admiral Nicholas: commands Mediterranean fleet (1738)  2.14

Haijo, HMS  2.75

Hall, Basil: Admiralty policy-maker  1.17

Hall, Edward  1.96

Hamilton, Major-General  1.62

Hamilton, Lord George, First Civil Lord

     appoints Topham, Jones and Railton to extend the Gibraltar mole  2.68

     argues for a dock at Gibraltar  2.66, 71

Hamond, Captain Sir Andrew Snape  1.68

Hansen, Paulus  1.102

Hants, Sussex, and Dorset Fire Insurance  1.93, 104

Happy Return merchantman  2.27

Harding, James  1.103

Harding, Richard, ‘Gibraltar: a tale of two sieges 1726–7 and 1779–1783’  2.31–45

Hardy, Sir Charles  2.17

Harrison, Steven  2.85

Hartwell (East India Company ship): launched at Itchenor (April 1787)  1.93

Harvey, Captain Augustus  2.12, 15, 38, 39

Haslar Hospital: Simon Goodrich suggests improvements  1.67

Hat in Hand pub, Portsmouth  1.104

Hawk (6), HMS (1721)  2.34

Hawke, Admiral Edward

     commands Mediterranean fleet  2.16

     on the limitations of Gibraltar (1756)  2.12

Hawke (East India Company ship)  1.100

Hay, Robert, Private Secretary to Lord Melville, Admiralty policy-maker  1.17

Haydn, Franz Joseph: turned away from visiting Portsmouth Dockyard (1794)  1.93–94

Heatley, David

     agent victualler at Lisbon  2.56

     victualler to the fleet  2.63

heavy repair ships  2.73

Henley & Sons  2.59

Henslow, Sir John: Surveyor of the Navy (1784–1806)  1.63, 64

Herbert, Admiral Arthur  2.10, 11, 20

     builds a forge and storehouse at Gibraltar (1680/1)  2.25

     considers Cadiz as a base for the Mediterranean fleet  2.22

     judges Gibraltar the finest port (1680)  2.23

     Mediterranean experience  2.23

     protégés  2.11

     uses Gibraltar not Tangiers as a base for the Mediterranean fleet  2.22, 25

Hewer, William  2.27

Hewitt, James  1.99

Hibernia (110), HMS (1804), recycled copper analysed (1806)  1.74

Hills, Thomas: Master Sailmaker  1.96

Hillsborough, Wills Hill, Earl of  2.39

Hobart: operational repair base proposed (1942)  2.78

Holl, Edward, Architect and Engineer

     delineates responsibilities with Samuel Goodrich  1.68

     designs Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard with Samuel Bunce  1.64

Holmes, Thomas, coal merchant  1.104

Hong Kong Dockyard  2.66, 67, 69

     Chinese labour force at (1941)  2.77–8

Hood, Samuel, Commissioner of Portsmouth Dockyard  1.98

Hood, Rear Admiral Samuel

     at the Chesapeake  2.50

     in the West Indies  2.49, 53

Hopson, Admiral Edward  2.13, 34

     on the limitations of Gibraltar (1727)  2.12

     ordered to the West Indies  2.34

Horsborough, Captain James (EIC): hydrographer  1.17

horses

     cement mill at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.28

     Deptford Victualling Office  1.67

     mortar mill at Woolwich Dockyard  1.67

     raise water at the Portsmouth brewhouses  1.45n

     supplied to Portsmouth Dockyard by Thomas Fitzherbert  1.95

Hosier, Vice Admiral Francis: second in command in the West Indies  2.34

Howe, Admiral Richard, Lord  2.44

     defeats the Toulon squadron off Sandy Hook  2.16

     relieves Gibraltar (1782)  2.17, 42

     returns to Portsmouth (1794)  1.93

     sailors’ mutiny in Portsmouth (1794)  1.99

Howe (120), HMS (1815)

     built at Chatham Dockyard using Robert Seppings’ diagonal system (1815)  1.14

     comparison with HMS St Vincent and HMS Nelson  1.15, 16

Howick, Lord see Grey, Lord

Huddart, Joseph (EIC): and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  1.11

Hunt, Edward, Surveyor of the Navy  1.105

Hunt, Thomas  1.104

Huish, George

     consul of the Dutch government  1.102

     Dutch East India Company agent (from 1749)  1.102

     Honourable East India Company agent  1.100

     town clerk and coroner in Portsmouth  1.98, 102

I

Inflexible, HMS  2.79n

Inglefield, Commissioner John Nicholson  2.57

Inion, William, scavelman and landlord  1.104, 105

Inspector General of Naval Works see Office of Naval Works

Ironside, General Sir Edmund: Governor of Gibraltar  2.74–5

Isabella transport (1801)  2.61

J

Jamaica

     British conquest of  2.17

     Royal Navy station  2.49, 53

James, William, historian: uses John Knowles’ pamphlet to complete his discussion of Robert Seppings’ system  1.17

James II, King

     and Sallee squadron at Gibraltar  2.11

     and storehouses at Gibraltar  2.28

James Galley, HMS  2.23

Jellico, Adam  1.72

Jennings, Admiral Sir John  2.34, 36

Jervis, Admiral Sir John see St Vincent, Admiral Sir John Jervis, Earl

Johanna and Maria (Danish Asiatic Company ship): repaired at Portsmouth Dockyard (May 1787)  1.101

Johnstone Hope, Sir William, First Sea Lord  1.17

Jowell, Tessa  2.87

Justitia, ex-Danish battleship: badly distorted and used for a demonstration by Robert Seppings (1817)  1.16

K

Kane, Colonel Richard, deputy governor of Minorca

     report on Gibraltar’s defences (1725)  2.32–3, 37

Karlscrona, Sweden: Bentham views the covered docks (1807)  1.26

Keith, George, ninth Earl Marischal  2.14

Kempthorne, John  2.23

Kent, Henry  1.101

Kent (70), HMS (1724): siege of Gibraltar, 1727  2.34

Kent (74), HMS (1798)

     deterioration of her hull in two years (1803–1805)  1.9

     rebuilt in Chatham Dockyard to Robert Seppings’ principles, to remain in service for another eighty years  1.9

     sent home by Nelson accompanied by a transport  1.9

Keppel, Commodore Augustus: commands Sallee squadron  2.13

Kerr, David Ramsay, surgeon at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.105

Khan, Mirza Abul Hassan: tours new Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard (1810)  1.93

Kilindini: dockyard proposed (1943)  2.78

Killigrew, Sir Henry: commands an English squadron  2.27

King, Dennis  2.83

Kingdom, John: chief clerk in the secretary’s office at the Navy Office  1.62

Kingdom, Sophia: marries Brunel  1.62

Kingdom, William: Plymouth Dockyard contractor  1.62

knees: iron substituted for wooden  1.9

Knowles, Captain Sir Charles Henry  2.39, 41, 43

     senior naval officer at Gibraltar (1782)  2.42

Knowles, John, Chief Clerk of the Surveyors’ Office

     elected Fellow of the Royal Society (1822)  1.17

     pamphlet The Elements and Practice of Naval Architecture (1822)  1.17

Kowloon Dockyard  2.66, 67, 69

Kraai (Dutch East India Company packetboat)  1.102

L

Lady Penrhyn (convict transport ship)  1.101

Lagos: British watering point  2.14, 35

Lagos Bay, battle of  2.16

Lambert, Andrew, ‘Science and seapower: The Navy Board, the Royal Society and the structural reforms of Sir Robert Seppings’  1.9–19

Landsdowne, George Granville, 1st Baron  2.27

Lang, Oliver, pupil of Robert Seppings, shipbuilder: builds Royal Navy steamships at Woolwich  1.17

Lawson, Admiral Sir John

     on the advantages of Tangier  2.20

     shelters in Gibraltar bay (1664)  2.23

Le Fevre, Peter, ‘Gibraltar, Tangier and the English Mediterranean Fleet 1680–1690’  2.19–30

Leake, Sir John: Mediterranean experience  2.11

Leeward Islands station  2.49, 53

Legg’s Demi-Bastion, Portsmouth  1.37

Leghorn: English base against the Barbary regencies  2.11

Lennox (70), HMS  2.34

Leslie, Captain Patrick  2.39

Levant Company  1.97

Liberty transport (1800)  2.62

Lindegren, Andrew  1.98, 104

Linzee, Edward, apothecary in Portsmouth

     assembles substantial property portfolio  1.98

     declines knighthood (1778)  1.98

     eight times mayor  1.98

Lisbon

     agent victualler (David Heatley) at  2.56

     careening at  2.12

     Sallee squadron  2.11, 27

     support in the Gibraltar siege of 1727  2.43

     victualling yard at  2.57, 60

Llanstephan Castle (troopship)  2.76

Lloyd, David  2.23

Lloyd, John, millwright  1.64, 71

Lloyd, Rodney M.: Admiral Superintendent at Malta  2.70

Lloyd, Sarah: marries Simon Goodrich  1.64

Lloyd & Ostell  1.65

Lock, John, Master Shipwright at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.104

Lord Hood transport (1801)  2.61

Lord Nelson transport (1800)  2.62

Lowestoft or Lowestoffe (24), HMS (1742): careens at Faro  2.12

Luffman, Mr, shipwright  1.104

Lurting, Robert  2.25

Lyme (20), HMS (1720)  2.34, 35

Lyon pink  2.34

M

Macdonald, Janet, ‘The Victualling Yard at Gibraltar and its role in feeding the Royal Navy in the Mediterranean during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars’  2.55–64

MacDougall, Philip, ‘Disuniting the Workforce: Intensifying the Dockyard Labour Crisis of 1941’  2.73–9

Madalena Islands: British rendezvous (1803–1805)  2.63

Mahon, Minorca, see Port Mahon, Minorca

Major transport (1800)  2.61

Malabar (74), HMS (1818): first ship built to Robert Seppings’ system  1.16

Malta

     Dockyard  2.73

     English base against the Barbary regencies  2.11

     victualling yard at Valetta  2.63, 64

Man, Vice Admiral Robert: commands Sallee squadron  2.13

Manchester Ship Canal Company  2.68

Mansell, Sir Robert: Algiers expedition (1620)  2.9–10

Mareno, Manuel  2.61

Marigold, HMS: wrecked at Tangier  2.20

Markham, Captain John  1.60

     career  1.82n

Marsden, John  1.75

     career  1.84n

Marsden, William

     Admiralty policy-maker  1.17

     career  1.83n

     on the Commission of Naval Enquiry  1.76

     enquires about the cost of re-manufacturing copper  1.76

     and William Taylor’s blockmaking contract  1.62

Martell, Peter, shipwright  1.105

Martin, Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Byam

     Controller of the Navy Board (1814)  1.15, 16, 18

     recommends Robert Seppings for major financial reward  1.17

Martinique  2.49

Mary Ann transport (1800)  2.61

Matto, Robert  2.84

Maudslay, Henry

     and Marc Isambard Brunel  1.62, 85

     mechanist vs engineer  1.65, 79

     Thames Tunnel  1.65

Maynard, John, English consul at Lisbon: on the advantages of Tangier  2.20

Mayne, Rear Admiral Robert  2.67

Mediterranean fleet

     based at Gibraltar (from 1684)  2.27

     based at Port Mahon  2.14

     cruising stations  2.14, 15, 16

     Nicholas Haddock commands (1738)  2.14

     Edward Hawke commands  2.16

     Henry Medley commands  2.15

     Sir Chaloner Ogle commands  2.15

     Henry Osborn commands  2.16

     William Rowley commands  2.15

Medley, Vice Admiral Henry

     commands Mediterranean fleet  2.15

     Italian mistress an enemy agent  2.15

Melville, Robert Dundas, 2nd Viscount

     favours building a new dockyard at Northfleet  1.14

     First Lord of the Admiralty  1.14

     visits the Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard (1807)  1.76–77

Meredith, John, Second Clerk of the Cheque at the Victualling Yard, Portsmouth: salary  1.39–40

Merritt, William, shipwright  1.104, 105

Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard: see Portsmouth Royal Dockyard

Middleton, Charles, see Barham, Charles Middleton, Lord

military expeditions

     Portsmouth as assembly point  1.40

     West Indies (November 1795) with 18,740 troops in 200 transports  1.40

mill for making roman cement, established by Samuel Bentham at Sheerness Dockyard  1.28

Millbank Prison  2.68

Minorca

     British gain (1708)  2.31

     British loss (1756)  2.9, 15

     British loss (1782)  2.41

     British recovery (1763)  2.16

Monaco, Prince of: tours Portsmouth Dockyard (1768)  1.93

Montagu, Edward, General-at-Sea  2.10, 19

     on the possible capture of Gibraltar (1656)  2.19–20

Montagu, Admiral Sir George  1.42

Morley, Thomas  2.21

Morocco, Emperor of  2.37

Morriss, Roger, ‘The office of the Inspector General of Naval Works and technological innovation in the Royal Dockyards’  1.21–29

mortising machine for the shell of pulley blocks, Brunel’s only fully automatic machine  1.87–89

Motley, J. C., insurance agent  1.104

Muckle, Lt George  2.41

Mulgrave, Constantine Phipps, 2nd Baron  2.39

Muñoz, Jose Martinez  2.75

Murdoch, William  1.88

mutiny, Portsmouth (1783)  1.99–100

Murray, James  1.99

N

Namur, HMS: sailors’ complaints of poor food (January 1758)  1.99

Napoleon: and Ottoman Empire  2.63

Narborough, Sir John  2.21

     favours Livorno and Minorca over Tangier  2.22

Naval Academy, Portsmouth

     William Bayly, Headmaster  1.96

     pupils get drunk in town  1.99

     John Walton, Headmaster  1.98

Naval Defence Act (1889)  2.7, 65, 66, 67

Navy Board

     abolished (1832)  1.18, 80

     Lord Barham’s administrative reorganisation  1.59

     Samuel Bentham moves to (August 1808)  1.79

     Controller of  1.15

     independence regarding technical policy  1.14

     Inspector General of Naval Works transferred to (1807)  1.21

     merchant yards not used for shipbuilding after 1815  1.17

     opposes the use of steam engines for fear of deranging established practices  1.23

     recommends covering docks and slipways extensively  1.26

     relationship with Admiralty  1.9

     resistance to change  1.11

     storehouses at Gibraltar  2.25, 26

     see also Surveyors of the Navy

Navy League  2.67

Navy Surveyor, see Surveyors of the Navy

Nelly transport (1801)  2.61

Nelson, Horatio

     body rests in Rosia Bay after Trafalgar  2.83

     desires a station in the East India Company’s service  1.100

     on Lisbon  1.105

     prize agents  2.59

     sends HMS Kent home due to structural problems  1.9

     victualling (1803–1805)  2.63

     visits Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.82

Nelson (120), HMS (1814): comparison with HMS Howe  1.15, 16

Nepean, Evan, Secretary to the Admiralty: resigns because of St Vincent’s Commission for Naval Enquiry  1.60

New Fire Office Insurance  1.104

Niger (32), HMS (1759)  2.83

non-recoil gun carriages, Simon Goodrich’s contrivances for  1.67

Nonsuch (or Nonesuch) (64), HMS (1774)  2.23, 24

Norfolk transport (1800)  2.61

Norris, Admiral Sir John  2.12

     Mediterranean experience  2.28

     squadron operates from Lisbon  2.14

     at Tangier (1680)  2.22

Northfleet, site of proposed new dockyard  1.14

     Lord Melville favours  1.14

     Robert Seppings a candidate to build  1.14

Northumberland (74), HMS (1798): partial application of Robert Seppings’ system  1.16

O

Office of Naval Works

     established at the Admiralty (1796)  1.21, 59

     Inspector General: post held by Samuel Bentham (1796–1807)  1.21

     renamed Civil Architect and Engineer of the Navy (1807)  1.21

     James Sadler works in the department (1800)  1.21

     transferred to the Navy Board (1807)  1.21

OEM  2.82

Ogle, Rear Admiral Sir Chaloner: commands Mediterranean fleet  2.15

Ollis family, in the Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.72

Oran  2.9

Orange, Prince and Princess of: visit Portsmouth Dockyard (1800)  1.93

Ordnance Board

     and Gibraltar  2.26, 57

     Grand Storehouse paid for by the Victualling Board  1.37

     Legg’s Demi-Bastion at Portsmouth  1.37

     New Gun Wharf at Portsmouth (from 1799)  1.37

     transfers land at Weevil to Victualling Board (1828)  1.37

     transfers land in Portsmouth for a new Victualling store (1800–1801)  1.37

Osborn, Vice-Admiral Henry: commands Mediterranean fleet  2.16

Otway, William Henry: Commissioner of Gibraltar Yard  2.58, 83–4

P

Palermo: victualling yard at (from 1805)  2.57, 63, 64

Palma, Duke of: tours Portsmouth Dockyard (1768)  1.93

Panther (60), HMS (1758)  2.38, 39

Parker, Admiral Sir Peter: commands Jamaica squadron  2.49, 53

Parys Mine Company  1.76

Pasley, Lieutenant General Sir Charles W.  2.84

patteroes  2.32

paying off  1.99

Peace of Amiens (1802)

     influence on operational availability of line-of-battle ships vs frigates and below  1.48

     welcomed by Portsmouth Dockyard for consolidation  1.49

Peace transport (1800)  2.61

Peake, Sir Henry

     builds Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard with Nicholas Diddams  1.64

     first assistant master shipwright at Chatham  1.60

     opposition to Robert Seppings’ principles  1.13, 17

     Surveyor of the Navy (1806–1822)  1.13, 14, 60, 78

Peake, James: works in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  1.21

Peake, John, Navy Board Surveyor (1806–1822)

     extra assistant Civil Engineer and Architect  1.60

     fellow shipwright apprentice at Chatham with Bentham  1.60

     suggests metal standing rigging  1.25

Pelican Life Company  1.104

Pepys, Samuel  2.26

Philosophical Transactions (1814)  1.15

Phoenix Insurance  1.104

Pickard, James  1.88

Pickle, HMS (1799), armed schooner

     present at Trafalgar  1.32

     repairs completed in Plymouth by Joseph Tucker before Trafalgar  1.34

     wages expended on repair £139 5s 4d  1.32

Pitt, Thomas: Clerk of the Cheque at the Victualling Yard, Portsmouth

     salary  1.39–40

Plymouth merchantman  2.25

Plymouth Royal Dockyard

     Conqueror (74), HMS (1801), inventory of tasks completed on  1.34

     fire-proof buildings to Bentham’s plans  1.27

     Joiners’ and Carpenters’ Shop, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  1.67

     Pickle, HMS (1799), inventory of tasks completed on  1.34

     reservoir, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  1.67

     rope production  1.53

     Tucker, Joseph, master shipwright

          brother of Benjamin  1.59

          dockyard papers and work refitting ships present at Trafalgar  1.31–34

          gives details of what work is done when ships go into Ordinary  1.32

     Victualling Yard

          officers petition for equal pay with Portsmouth (1803)  1.41

          predictions of demand (1794–1815)  1.41

          single system with Deptford and Portsmouth  1.37

Pococke, Dr Richard  1.94

Poggio, Albert  2.86

Poole, Jeffrey, MP  1.60

Porcupine (24), HMS  2.39, 41, 42, 43

Port Mahon, Minorca

     advantages of  2.12

     British base for the Mediterranean fleet (1738–39)  2.14

     British loss of  2.9, 12, 44

     careening at  2.12

     cost of (1747)  2.12

     English base against the Barbary regencies  2.11

     preferable to Tangier  2.21

     supports Gibraltar in the siege of 1727  2.43

     victualling yard at  2.57, 59, 63, 64

Portland (50), HMS (1723)  2.34

Portland Royal Dockyard  2.66, 69

Portmore, David Colyear, 1st Earl of  2.36

Portsea Concert Room, St George’s Square  1.104

Portsea Island  1.95

Portsmouth

     bake house (Victualling Board’s)

          built in 1740  1.35

          contains only six ovens  1.35

          fire hazard  1.35

     bankruptcies in  1.96

     bookshops

          great variety of books available  1.103–104

          senior dockyard workers good customers  1.103, 104

     Camber  1.100–101

     coroner  1.102

     description (1748)  1.95

     fire insurance agents (1783–1805)  1.104

     fleet reviews (1773 and 1778)  1.98

     medicine and drug warehouse  1.103

     military control of, eighteenth century

          curfew guns  1.98

          military posts  1.98

          opening and shutting town gates  1.98

     Naval Academy: pupils get drunk in town  1.99

     population (1725–1811)  1.94

     Portsea: street names introduced  1.104

     prisoners of war  1.95

     sailors cause problems in

          complaining about poor food on HMS Namur (January 1758 )  1.99

          demolishing a public house (March 1758 and February 1766)  1.99

          paid off from HMS Apollo and HMS Arethusa  1.(April 1802)  1.99

     St George’s Church: built by dockyard workers (1753)  1.97

     storehouses for dry provisions

          large building added (1782)  1.36

          originally one storehouse (1740)  1.36

     street names introduced to Portsea  1.104

     Suckling, Maurice (1726–1778), Naval Comptroller, returns as MP  1.97

     town clerk  1.102

     town life effectively controlled by

          garrison governor  1.98

          mayor  1.98

          resident dockyard commissioner  1.98

Portsmouth Royal Dockyard

     Admiralty Progress Books, hold near complete records of ships entering  1.50

     Admiralty Visitation (1802)  1.62–63

     Bentham’s plans to reorganise  1.26, 59

     Block Mills

          Samuel Beach, superintendent  1.68, 71

          building designed by Samuel Bunce and Edward Holl  1.64

          built by Portsmouth Dockyard’s craftsmen under Henry Peake and Nicholas Diddams  1.64

          Commission of Naval Enquiry (1802)  1.59

          conceived by Bentham  1.63

          construction of (1802)  1.62

          furnaces constructed  1.68

          include Wood Mills, Metal Mills, and Millwrights’ shop  1.63

          machines designed by Marc Isambard Brunel  1.60

          Mirza Abul Hassan Khan, Persian Shah’s representative, tours (1810)  1.93

          productivity of output  1.55, 78

          run by Simon Goodrich  1.65

          savings to the public  1.22, 78, 79

          state at 3 October 1805  1.74

          supply all the navy’s blocks by 1807  1.55, 78

          swing arm circular saw  1.66

          workforce

               efficiency of  1.55, 58

               pay and conditions for  1.69–74

               recruited from outside the Dockyard  1.64

     blocks, wood

          automatic mortising machine for (Brunel’s)  1.87–89

          circular saw for (Brunel’s)  1.86, 90

          coaks for  1.78, 92

          manufacture of  1.55–8

          metal bushes  1.61

          smaller vs larger  1.60

          supply of, to the Royal Navy  1.56, 78

     Boat Pond converted to a basin by Samuel Bentham  1.26

     boiler house (1830)  1.80

     bucket ladder dredger driven by steam engine, designed by Samuel Bentham (1802)  1.28

     Camber Docks

          capable of docking two large frigates or three sloops  1.26, 52

          converted from North Camber or channel by Bentham  1.26, 52

          divided by a caisson  1.26

          steam engines for  1.26, 67

     circular sawing machines, Samuel Goodrich’s drawings for  1.67

     Clerks of the Cheque

          Joseph Davis  1.104

          Thomas Snell  1.105

     coal yard, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  1.67

     coffer dam, introduced by Bentham  1.27

     contribution to the fleet’s success during the Napoleonic Wars  1.58

     covered docks and slips introduced by Samuel Bentham  1.26

     Cruttenden (East India Company ship): repaired (April 1770)  1.100

     curfew gun  1.98

     Danish Asiatic Company, uses Portsmouth Dockyard for repairs

          Johanna and Maria (May 1787)  1.101

          Providentia (1785)  1.101

     docking days (1793–1815)  1.50, see also ton dock days

     dry docks

          Barfleur (90), HMS (1768), spends 323 days in  1.50

          double dock replaced by docks numbers two and three  1.26, 51

          enlargement of non-tidal basin  1.52

          introduction of caissons  1.52

          ships spent there used as a measure of dockyard output  1.50

          steam engine for  1.67

          Voorland (Dutch East India Company ship), stays in dock for repair for 65 days  1.102

     Duke of Palma visits (1786)  1.93

     Dutch East India Company

          agent (from 1749) George Huish  1.102

          deserters find refuge  1.103

          outward-bound Indiamen call regularly  1.101

          vessel size and types range from 1300 ton Admiral De Suffren to 136 ton packetboat Kraai  1.102

          Voorland stays in dock for repair for 65 days  1.102

     efficiency increase during the Napoleonic Wars  1.58

     Elfi Bay, the Mameluke Chief, tours (1803)  1.93

     embezzlement (1774–1780)  1.98–99

     fire extinguishing system, introduced by Bentham  1.24

     fire-proof buildings to Bentham’s plans  1.27

     fires in

          1767  1.101

          1770  1.61, 101

     Franz Joseph Haydn: turned away from visiting (1794)  1.93

     horses

          drive the cement mill  1.28

          supplied by Thomas Fitzherbert  1.95

     machine tools driven by steam  1.24, 63

     Mast Pond: Samuel Bentham’s plans for improvement  1.63

     Master Boat Builders

          Edward Hunt  1.105

     Master House Carpenters

          Nicholas Vass  1.97

          Master Millwrights

          Mr Linacre  1.72

     Master Sailmakers

          Thomas Hills  1.96

     Master Shipwrights (aka Builders)

          Nicholas Diddams  1.64, 78

          John Lock  1.104

          Sir Henry Peake  1.60, 64

          Mr Waugh  1.106

     Metal Mills, introduced by Bentham (1803)

          copper melter, pay of  1.71–72

          furnacemen  1.72, 74

          improve quality of metal and remove reliance on copper merchants  1.25, 68

          iron knees replace wooden knees  1.53

          major supplier of copper for the Royal Navy  1.25, 53, 58

          make metal parts for blocks  1.63

          manufacture cast iron, mixed metals and copper sheathing  1.25

          plans of  1.52

          re-process copper  1.25, 60, 68

          run by John Lloyd  1.64

          savings to the public  1.25, 78, 79

          smelt, cast and roll metal  1.25

          use commercially established and proven developments  1.51

          use spare steam capacity from pumping docks  1.60

          workforce pay and conditions  1.70–72, 74

     mill for making cement

          built by Simon Goodrich  1.65

          horse-powered  1.28

          introduced by Samuel Bentham  1.28

     Millwrights’ department

          help to fit and improve articles used on board ships  1.24

          introduced by Samuel Bentham  1.24, 53

          make machine tools for other dockyards  1.24

          maintain the whole water system including the fire extinguishing systems.  1.24

     mud barges, to accompany the steam dredgers  1.28

     nineteenth-century improvements  2.66, 67, 69

     North Basin

          capable of docking seven or eight frigates  1.26, 52

          converted from North Boat Pond and channel  1.26, 52

          most cost-effective improvement in the Royal Dockyards  1.52

          steam engines for  1.26

     Peace of Amiens welcomed for consolidation  1.49

     performance increase during Napoleonic Wars  1.51

     Prince and Princess of Wales visit (1803 and 1805)  1.93

     Pump House

          12HP steam engine erected by Simon Goodrich  1.65

     reciprocating saw mill, Simon Goodrich’s drawings for  1.67

     reservoir, improved by Samuel Bentham  1.27, 60

     Ropery and Sail Cloth Manufactory (1804)  1.25, 53

          Master Ropemaker sidelined  1.53

          steam power a fire risk  1.53

     sailings from, by ship type  1.49

     sawmill

          introduced by Samuel Bentham  1.24

          pumping and sawing apparatus  1.73

     seasoning timber

          Samuel Bentham’s experiments  1.26–27

          sheds established by Lord Sandwich  1.26

          workshop built over the reservoir  1.27

     Sheffield, W. E.: Master of the Mills  1.25

     smiths  1.53, 67

     steam dredger, designed by Samuel Bentham  1.28, 52

     steam engines at

          12HP machine  1.67

          30HP machine  1.67

          50HP machine  1.67

          ballast-heaving engine  1.67

          to drive pumps and machinery  1.23, 67

          to pump fresh or sea water in case of fire  1.27

     Storekeepers

          John Allcott  1.104

          John Greenway  1.105

     Surgeons

          David Ramsay Kerr  1.105

     survey, 1774  1.93

     ton dock days per year: increase of 107% (1793–1815)  1.50, 58

     Victualling Office see Victualling Office

     water, fresh

          distributed by cast-iron piping in two adjacent courses  1.27, 45n, 67

          raised to an elevated reservoir by steam engine  1.27, 67

          shipped from Southampton Water (until 1797)  1.27

          Watering Island, plans for (1801)  1.37

          well sunk by Bentham  1.27, 37

     wharf crane, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  1.67

     Wood Mills, introduced by Samuel Bentham

          able to supply from October 1807 all the navy’s need of blocks  1.78

          built over the reservoir  1.27

          cost recovered in three years from production savings  1.58

          engine keepers of  1.57

          foreman of  1.57

          leading edge technology  1.51

          lit by lamps not candles  1.27, 81

          machinery repairers  1.57

          Master of  1.57

          model for mills elsewhere  1.25

          steam powered  1.25, 60, 67

          supply the fleet with a ‘lean manned’ and very efficient mill  1.58

     workers in

          apprentices biggest proportional increase during Napoleonic Wars  1.54

          change in the distribution of various groups during Napoleonic Wars  1.54

          discharged for refusing to go Woolwich  1.96

          effect of war on labour opportunities  1.95, 96

          largest elements are skilled workers during Napoleonic Wars  1.54

          numbers of  1.80, 94, 96

          recruitment of  1.54

          senior dockyard workers good bookshop customers  1.103, 104

          strikes (1775 and 1805)  1.96, 99

          suspicious of proposed changes (1783)  1.99

          tables of

               by skill levels  1.54

               by work areas  1.54

          travelling expenses  1.96

          wood millers  1.25

          work Christmas Day 1792  1.95

Postle-thwaite transport (1800)  2.61

Pownall, Edward, deputy commissioner  2.59

pozzolanic cement: in the Rosia Water Tanks  2.84–5

Priestman, Henry: commands Sallee squadron  2.19

Prince (98), HMS (1788)  2.83

Prince Frederick (70), HMS (1714)  2.35

Prince George transport (1801)  2.61

Prince Gustavus (Swedish Indiaman)  1.101

Prince Royal [Princess Royal] (90) HMS (1773)  2.59

Princess Augusta (Swedish Indiaman)  1.101

prisoners of war, held in the Portsmouth area  1.95

prize money  1.99

Progress Books, Admiralty: hold near complete records of ships entering Portsmouth Dockyard  1.50

Providentia (Danish Asiatic Company ship): repaired at Portsmouth Dockyard (1785)  1.101

Public Navy Works Loans  2.69

Puerto Rico  2.9

pulley blocks

     circular saw for  1.86, 90

     machine tools, Brunel not responsible for introduction  1.85

     mortising machine for shells, Brunel’s  1.87–89

Puntal: careening at  2.21

Puntalles  2.35

Q

Quarterly Review  1.15

Queen (90), HMS: spends 1,151 days (1789–1792) in dry dock in Portsmouth Dockyard  1.50

Queensway, Gibraltar  2.83

R

Redbridge, Hampshire: Bentham’s steam engine at  1.23

Reke, Samuel

     first Mechanist in the Office of Naval Works  1.65

     Simon Goodrich acts as draughtsman to then succeeds him (in 1799)  1.67

     lists works carried out under Simon Goodrich  1.65

Rennie, John, engineer

     inspects Portsmouth Dockyard  1.79

     installation of Boulton and Watt steam engine in HMS Congo  1.17

     and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  1.12

     proposes Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  1.16

Repulse (floating battery), HMS  2.41, 42, 43

Revel, Mr  2.34

Richards, Sir Francis: Governor of Gibraltar  2.83, 86

Riley, Ray, ‘Marc Brunel’s pulley block-making machinery: operation and assessment’  1.85–92

Robert transport (1800)  2.61

Robinson, Les  2.76, 77

Rockingham, Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess  2.54

Rodney, Admiral George  2.44

     Commander-in-Chief West Indies  2.49, 50, 53

     relieves Gibraltar (1780)  2.17, 38

Rogers, Heigham  1.75, 84n

roman cement, mill at Sheerness established by Samuel Bentham  1.28

Rood, Mr  1.104

Rooke, Admiral George

     captures Gibraltar (1704)  2.9, 19

     Mediterranean experience  2.11, 28

Ropery and Sail Cloth Manufactory, established by Samuel Bentham (1804)  1.25

ropes produced by Portsmouth Royal Dockyard: did not develop during the wars (1793–1815)  1.53

Rosia Bay Victualling Yard, Gibraltar

     destroyed (2006)  2.7

Rosia Cottages, Gibraltar  2.84

Rosia Distillery, Gibraltar  2.84

Rosia House, Gibraltar  2.83

Rosia Water Tanks, Gibraltar  2.81–7

     built (1799–1804)  2.58, 83

     construction materials  2.84–5

     described  2.84, 86

     dimensions  2.84

     destroyed (2006)  2.83

     estimated costs of  2.58

Ross, Rear Admiral Sir John Lockheart  2.39, 41

Rotherham, Captain Edward  2.83

Rowley, Vice Admiral William: commands Mediterranean fleet (1745)  2.15

Royal African Company  1.97

Royal Clarence Yard, new victualling facilities at the Weevil site (1828)  1.37

Royal Exchange fire insurance company  1.104

Royal George (100), HMS (1788)  1.80

     monument in Kingston churchyard  1.105

Royal Navy

     borrows the Ganges (East India Company ship) as a transport (1780)  1.101

     composition of (1793–1815)  1.48–49

     Humphrey Davy’s connection with  1.18

     losses from all causes (1793–1815)  1.47

     Mediterranean Fleet, see Mediterranean Fleet

     steamships built at Woolwich by Oliver Lang  1.17

Royal Oak (70), HMS (1713)  2.34

Royal Society  1.12–18

     awards Copley Gold Medal to Robert Seppings (1818)  1.16

     in Somerset House  1.12

Royal Sovereign (100), HMS (1786)  2.83

Royal Yacht Squadron, Gibraltar  2.67

Rufford transport (1800)  2.61

Rule, Sir William, Navy Board Surveyor (1793–1813)  1.63, 64

S

Sadler, James, works in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  1.21

St Ann’s Church, Portsmouth  1.97

St Eustatius  2.50

St Firmin (or Fermin) (ex-San Firmin) (14), HMS  2.39

St George’s Church, Portsmouth: built by dockyard workers (1753)  1.97

St Jeremy’s Bay  2.15

St Michael (ex-San Miguel) (74), HMS (1773)  2.42, 42–3

St Michel, Balthazar, Agent General of the Victualling

     at Gibraltar  2.24

     at Tangier  2.22

     report on storeships at Gibraltar (1681)  2.26

     returns to England (1681)  2.24, 26

St Thomas’s Church, Portsmouth  1.97

St Vincent, Admiral Sir John Jervis, Earl

     and agents victualler in the Mediterranean  2.56, 57, 58

     appointed First Lord of the Admiralty (1801)  1.59

     appoints Robert Seppings as Master Shipwright at Chatham (1804)  1.10

     builds Rosia Water Tanks, Gibraltar  2.83

     and the civil branch of the Navy  1.59–60, 61

     close blockade of Brest (1799)  1.9

     and Commission of Naval Enquiry  1.74

     leaves Admiralty (15 May 1803)  1.60

St Vincent House, Gibraltar  2.83

Salé (Sallee), Barbary regency: privateers or corsairs  2.7, 9

Sallee squadron

     John Baker commands  2.13

     based in Gibraltar  2.11

     based in Lisbon  2.7

     Charles Cornwall commands  2.13

     Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell, commodore  2.11

Samaria (liner)  2.79n

San Ildefonso (74) (Spanish): used as depot for stores at Spithead  1.36

San Juan Nepomuceno (74) (Spanish)  2.83

San Miguel (72) (Spanish)  2.42, see also St Michael (ex-San Miguel), HMS

Sandwich, John Montagu, 4th Earl: First Lord of the Admiralty

     backs Thomas Fitzherbert as Arundel’s MP (1780)  1.95

     and Commons inquiry of 1782  2.47, 53

     and relief of Gibraltar  2.48

     visits Portsmouth Dockyard (1775) 99

     and the Western Squadron  2.50

Sandy Hook  2.16

Sapphire (32/28), HMS (1675)  2.23, 24

Saxton, Charles  1.68, 70

Schäffhausen Bridge, inspiration to Robert Seppings  1.16

scavelmen

     Portsmouth landlords  1.104

     proposed as second engine keepers at the Wood Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard  1.70

Scheldt, blockade of (1803–1805)  1.9

Schonderloo (Dutch East India Company ship)  1.102, 102–103

Scorpion sloop  1.100

Scott, Colonel John  2.22

Segeswick, Thomas  1.104

Seppings, Sir Robert

     appointed Master Shipwright at Chatham (1804)  1.10

     appointed Third Surveyor of the Navy (14 June 1813)  1.14

     awarded Copley Gold Medal of the Royal Society (1818)  1.16

     candidate for the proposed dockyard at Northfleet  1.14

     critical reference to the Navy Board  1.14

     criticism of merchant shipbuilding practice  1.17

     designs first generation of Royal Navy steam vessels  1.17

     designs HMS Congo for exploration of the river  1.17

     dismissal (1832)  1.18

     Sir William Domett a supporter  1.14

     elected to Fellowship of the Royal Society (11 November 1814)  1.16

     explanation of his system  1.10

     Simon Goodrich reports on his system  1.16

     knighthood  1.17

     Sir Henry Peake opposes his system  1.13, 1.17

     produces developments in naval architecture (1800–1820)  1.10

     recommended for major financial reward  1.17

     Royal Society papers

          ‘On a new principle of constructing His Majesty’s ships of war’ (10 March 1814)  1.15

          ‘On a New Principle of Constructing Ships in the Mercantile Navy’ (2 and 9 March1820)  1.17

          ‘On the great strength given to Ships of War by the application of Diagonal braces’ (27 November 1817)  1.16

     system of diagonal riders  1.10, 16: see also Howe, HMS; Justitia; Malabar, HMS; Northumberland, HMS

     use of model and drawings to illustrate principles to Admiralty  1.12–13

     Sir Charles Yorke’s involvement  1.10, 16, 17

Serfaty, William  2.84, 86

Sharpe, Thomas  1.93

sheaves for pulley blocks, manufacture  1.90–91

Sheerness (32), HMS (1691)  2.13

Sheerness Royal Dockyard

     coffer dam and ‘foundation masses’, introduced by Samuel Bentham  1.27–28

     fire-proof buildings to Samuel Bentham’s plans  1.27

     mill for making roman cement, established by Samuel Bentham  1.28

     Storekeepers

          Thomas Snell  1.105

     well sunk by Samuel Bentham  1.27

sheathing, copper: Humphrey Davy’s electricity based protection systems a failure  1.18

Sheffield, W. E.: Master of the Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.25

Sheldon, Matthew, ‘A tale of two cities: the facilities, work and impact of the Victualling Office in Portsmouth, 1793–1815’  1.35–45

Sheres, Henry  2.21

Solebay (bomb), HMS (1711)  2.34

shells for pulley blocks, manufacture of  1.85–90

ship losses, during the Napoleonic Wars  1.47

shipwrights

     Samuel Bentham  1.60

     Nicholas Diddams  1.64, 78

     William Gray  1.60

     John Lock  1.104

     Sir Henry Peake  1.60, 64

     Sir Robert Seppings, see Seppings, Sir Robert

     William Stride  1.105

     Joseph Tucker, see Tucker, Joseph

     Mr Waugh  1.106

Shovell, Admiral Sir Cloudesley

     commands Sallee squadron  2.19, 27

     Mediterranean experience  2.11, 28

     at Gibraltar (1684)  2.27

     at Tangier (1681)  2.25

Simmonds, Mr: quartermaster at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.105

Simonstown: naval yard  2.74

‘Sinbad’, on the dry dock at Gibraltar (1890)  2.70

Singapore Dockyard: Chinese labour force at (1941)  2.77–8

Sir William Arrol & Co.: dockyard crane (1958)  2.76

Skottowe, Richard  1.99

Smart, Mr, and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  1.12

Smeaton, John

     cast iron gear wheels  1.89

     pozzolanic cement  2.85

Smith, George: Navy Board secretary  1.80, 81

Snell, Thomas  1.105

Snodgrass, Gabriel: his system of internal bracing for older, smaller vessels  1.9

Soames, William, vice consul at Gibraltar  2.24

Somerset House: home of the Royal Society in early nineteenth century  1.12

Society of Arts: prizes awarded to Simon Goodrich  1.65

Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge: links with Portsmouth  1.97

Society for the Propagation of the Gospel: missionaries use Portsmouth as departure point  1.97

Southwell, Daniel  1.105

Spanish navy: fleet at Gibraltar destroyed by Jacob van Heemskerck (1607)  2.10

Spanish Succession, War of  2.13, 31

Speaker (East India Company ship): repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (March 1772)  1.100

Speedwell, HMS (20) (in 1718)  2.13

Speedwell, HMS (14) (in 1780)  2.39

Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl

     Admiralty policy-maker  1.17

     First Lord of the Admiralty 62

Spencer, John, 5th Earl  2.67

Spithead

     fleet winters there throughout the 1790s  1.40

     San Ildefonso (74) (Spanish) used as a depot for stores  1.36

     and victuallers in 1781  2.52

Square Tower, Portsmouth

     slaughterhouse on adjoining land  1.36

     store  1.36

Stanley, Hans, MP: Admiralty Commissioner  1.60

‘Statements of Services’ papers by Samuel Bentham (1812–1813)

     annotated with marginal references to the dates of official letters  1.21

     ‘Statement of Services relative to the Improvement and Formation of Naval Arsenals’  1.21

     ‘Statement of Services relative to the Improvement of Manufactures requisite in Naval Arsenals’  1.21

     summarizes what the author claimed to have contributed to dockyard operations  1.21

steam

     Boulton and Watt engine, installed in HMS Congo  1.17

     demonstrated at Westminster by Samuel Bentham  1.23–24

     Dockyards (1812–1831)  1.80

     Navy Board opposes  1.23

     Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.60

     pumps at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.23, 26

     Sadler steam engine  1.64, 77

     steam bucket ladder dredgers

          in the Thames  1.28

          machinery supplied by John Lloyd  1.64

          at Portsmouth (1802), increases the depth of water at the tidal entrance  1.28, 52

     Wood Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.60

steamships: Oliver Lang builds at Woolwich Dockyard  1.17

Stenhouse, Mr  2.26

Stephens, Sir Philip  1.60, 74

     career  1.82n

     siege of Gibraltar  2.52

Sterling Castle (70), HMS (1723)  2.34

Stoete, Hendrik  1.102

storing and fitting naval vessels within the boundary of a dockyard

     deepening and enlarging the basin  1.26

     halving the length of the existing double dock  1.26

     using caissons or floating dams to serve as gates  1.26, 51

     using pumps with moveable steam engines to control water level in docks  1.26

Stormont (East India Company ship)  1.101

strength of metals

     ascertaining the strength of different metals begun by Bentham (1798)  1.25

     Samuel Bentham provides specification of mixed metals to private manufacturers by 1813  1.25

     improvements made in the quality of mixed metals  1.25

Stride, William, shipwright  1.105

Stuart, Charles Edward  2.15, 33

Stubbington Manor, leased by Thomas Fitzherbert  1.95

Suckling, Maurice (1726–1778), Naval Comptroller

     appealed to by Nelson  1.100

     returns as MP for Portsmouth  1.97

Sun Fire Insurance  1.104

Sunbeam (yacht)  2.67

Success transport (1801)  2.61

Suez Canal  2.66

Sunderland, Robert, Earl of  2.24, 28

Surveyors of the Navy: see Henslow, John; Hunt, Edward; Peake, Sir Henry; Peake, John; Rule, Sir William; Seppings, Sir Robert; Symonds, Captain Sir William

Swallow (50), HMS (1719)  2.34

Swiftsure (74), HMS (1787)  2.83

Swinton, Lt Samuel, English agent in Paris  2.52

Sutton, Samuel: new commander of HMS Victory at re-commissioning (9 April 1803)  1.31

Symonds, Captain Sir William: Surveyor of the Navy (1832)  1.18

T

Tangier

     acquired by England (1661)  2.10, 20

     careening at  2.10, 20, 21

     careening hulk at (1680)  2.21–2

     English garrison  2.20

     English merchants refuse to settle  2.20

     evacuated (1684)  2.27

     harbour at  2.20

     mole at, see Tangier mole

     Moors, treaty with (1680)  2.22

     ships’ stores unavailable at  2.21

     storehouses at  2.21

     transports’ agent  2.21

     used by Genoese merchants  2.20

     victualling agent (1678)  2.22

     victualling depot  2.7, 21

Tangier mole  2.10, 11

     blown up (1684)  2.27

     contract for its construction (1663)  2.20–21

     surveyed by five masters from the Mediterranean fleet (1680)  2.23

Tariq: constructs base at Gibraltar (1711)  2.7

Tartar, HMS  2.13

task work  1.81

Taylor, Dr, Secretary to the Society of Arts, and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  1.12

Taylors of Southampton, block contractors  1.60

     blockmakers borne on Portsmouth Dockyard’s books  1.61

     dispute over continuation of contract and pricing  1.61–62

     machinery used by  1.60–61, 85, 86, 88

     supply blocks to the Royal Navy  1.60, 61, 78

     supply blocks to the East India Company  1.78

Temple Mills copper works  1.84

Tetuan  2.60, 63

Thames, River

     cast-iron tunnel  1.65

     steam bucket ladder dredger  1.28

Thomas, James H., ‘Portsmouth yard and town in the age of Nelson (1758–1805) – a relationship examined’  1.93–107

Thompson, Captain Sir Thomas Boulden, Controller of the Navy  1.10, 79

Thunder (bomb), HMS  2.34

Thunderer (74), HMS (1782)  2.83

Thurloe, John  2.19

tidal mill, Portsmouth  1.36

ton dock days per year at Portsmouth Dockyard: increase of 107% during the Napoleonic Wars  1.50

Topham, Jones and Railton  2.68

Torbay: anchorage for the blockade of Brest (from 1798)  1.41

Torbay (70), HMS (1719)  2.35

Torch, Operation  2.74–5

Toulon fleet (French)  2.14

Toulon squadron (French)  2.16

trade routes: protection of leads to expansion of naval forces  1.47

Trafalgar, Battle of (1805)

     HMS Conqueror (74) present at  1.32

     HMS Pickle (sloop) present at  1.32

treenails: Samuel Bentham’s improved method of driving  1.63

Tremendous (74), HMS (1807)

     recaulked at Sheerness (1811)  1.11

     Robert Seppings’ repairs at Chatham (1810) and captain’s report (1811)  1.10–11, 14

     Sir Charles Yorke and Sir Joseph Yorke visit (1810)  1.11

Trevithick, Thomas: cast-iron Thames Tunnel  1.65

Trigge, Sir Thomas, acting Governor of Gibraltar (1803–1804)  2.83, 84

Trincomalee: operational repair base proposed (1942)  2.78

Tripoli, Barbary regency  2.11

troops, supply of in Spain and Portugal after Trafalgar  1.47

Troubridge, Sir Thomas  1.60

     career  1.85n

Truelove transport (1801)  2.61

Tucker, Benjamin, Clerk of the Cheque at Portsmouth Dockyard

     agent victualler  2.59

     ally of St Vincent  1.59

     brother of Joseph  1.59

Tucker, Joseph, master shipwright at Plymouth Dockyard

     ally of St Vincent  1.59, 78

     brother of Benjamin  1.59

     Conqueror, HMS (74), inventory of tasks completed in Plymouth on  1.34

     dockyard papers for ships present at Trafalgar  1.32

     fitting out ships, work done  1.32

     opposes Robert Seppings’ system of diagonal riders  1.17

     Ordinary, work done to prepare ships  1.32

     Pickle, HMS, inventory of tasks completed in Plymouth on  1.34

Tucker, Malcolm  2.84

Tunis, Barbary regency  2.11

Tyger (50), HMS (1722)  2.34, 35

Tyler, Colonel  2.58

U

Unity tender: storeship at Gibraltar  2.35

Utrecht, Treaty of  2.7, 31

V

Valetta

     naval dockyard at  2.66

     victualling yard at  2.57

Valiant, HMS: repaired at Alexandria (1941)  2.74

van Heemskerck, Jacob: destroys the Spanish fleet at Gibraltar (1607)  2.10

Vanguard (floating battery), HMS  2.41, 42, 43

Varlo, Philip and Mary, supply blocks to the Royal Navy in the 1770s  1.60

Vass, Nicholas  1.97

Vaughan, ?, victualling agent at Gibraltar  2.15–16

Venice Merchant  2.27

Venus transport (1800)  2.62

Vernon, John, Master of the Metal Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard (1807)  1.72, 78

Victoria, Juan José Navarro, 1st Marquis de la  2.15

Victory (100), HMS (1765)

     at Gibraltar after Trafalgar  2.83

     repair in Chatham Dockyard (1802–1803)

          bulwarks raised and built up  1.31

          cost of (£70,933)  1.31

          figurehead replaced with simpler design  1.31

          gun ports added (two) 31

          magazine rebuilt to new regulations  1.31

          re-commissioned (9 April 1803)  1.31

          second survey reveals more work needed than originally planned  1.31

          stern davits removed  1.31

          upper- and quarterdeck levels rebuilt with closed stern  1.31

     spends 658 days (1814–1816) in dry dock in Portsmouth Dockyard  1.50

     Samuel Sutton, new commander at re-commissioning (9 April 1803)  1.31

victualling, naval: daily proportion of provisions  2.55–6

Victualling Agent, Portsmouth

     office in St Mary’s Street  1.35

     residence in St Thomas Street  1.35

     salary increases (1796 and 1800)  1.40, 45n

     supplies stores to Nelson’s fleet off Cadiz (1805)  1.41

     supplies stores to Torbay and Plymouth (1799)  1.41

victualling agents afloat, see agents victualler

Victualling Board

     bake house (1740) in King Street, Portsmouth  1.35, 43

     biscuit, contracts for  1.43

     brewhouses (1758 and 1782)

          at Weevil  1.36

          horses for raising water  1.45n

          production figures  1.43–44

          pumphouse and reservoir at Weevil  1.36

     costs of stores shipped to Gibraltar (1681)  2.25

     facilities in Portsmouth and Gosport  1.35

     instructions for victualling agents  2.56

     land at Weevil transferred from Ordnance Board (1828)  1.37

     offered space by the Ordnance Board at Gun Wharf in exchange for building a new store  1.37

     provisions shipped to Gibraltar (1800 and 1801)  2.61

     return of victualling stores at Gibraltar (5 April 1800)  2.62

     transports to Gibraltar (1800 and 1801)  2.61, 62

Victualling Office in Portsmouth and Gosport

     Samuel Bentham’s technological developments not possible  1.37

     Clerk of the Cheque

          office in St Mary’s Street  1.35

          salary increase (1800)  1.45

     cooperage, Weevil (1766)  1.36

     Grand Storehouse bought from Ordnance Board  1.37

     local impact 1793–1815  1.35, 42, 43

     Master Brewer

          residence at Weevil  1.36

          responsible for horses for the brewhouse  1.45n

     Master Cooper

          disputes with Lieutenant Benamor  1.40

          residence at Weevil  1.36

     New Gun Wharf at Portsmouth (from 1811)  1.37

     numbers employed  1.35, 40, 42–43

     predictions of demand at Portsmouth and Plymouth  1.40, 41

     pumphouse and reservoir for brewhouses at Weevil  1.36

     Royal Clarence Yard  1.37

     San Ildefonso (74) used as a storeship at Spithead  1.36

     seasonal demand for victualling  1.40

     single system with Deptford and Plymouth  1.37, 43

     Square Tower  1.36

     storehouses (1740 and 1782)  1.36

     Storekeeper

          office in St Mary’s Street  1.35

          salary increase (1800)  1.45n

     supplies military transports  1.40

     theft and pilfering from  1.37, 39

     tidal mill (1746)  1.36, 43

     Victualling Wharf  1.36, 37

     Weevil site  1.35, 36, 37

victualling yards

     Gibraltar, see Gibraltar victualling yard

     Palermo (1805–08)  2.63

     Rosia Bay (1812)  2.57

     Valetta  2.63

Viegas, Juaquin  2.61

Vivian, John  1.84

Voorland (Dutch East India Company ship): stays in dock in Portsmouth for repair for 65 days  1.102

W

Wager, Vice Admiral Sir Charles  2.13–14

     at Gibraltar (1726/7)  2.34, 43–4

     fails to capture the Flota  2.35

Wales, Prince of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard (1803)  1.93

Wales, Princess of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard (1805)  1.93

Walker, W.: surgeon at Portsmouth Dockyard  1.104

Walpole, Horace  1.101

Walton, John: headmaster of the Naval Academy  1.98

Ware, Martin  1.98

Watt, James

     and mechanisation  1.81

     proposes Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  1.16

     works with Matthew Boulton and Josiah Wedgwood  1.65

Wedgwood, Josiah

     and mechanisation  1.81

     works with Matthew Boulton and James Watt  1.65

Weevil

     brewhouses at (1758 and 1762)  1.36

     Cooperage (1766)  1.36

     Master Brewer’s residence  1.36

     Master Cooper’s residence  1.36

     Ordnance Board land transferred to the Victualling Board  1.(1828)  1.37

     pumphouse and reservoir at  1.36

     Royal Clarence Yard, new victualling facilities (1828)  1.37

Wells, John, FRS: at presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  1.11

Wellstead, John, foreman of sailmakers  1.105

West Indies: military expedition to (November 1795) with 18,740 troops in 200 transports  1.40

Weymouth, Thomas Thynne, Viscount  2.38

Wharton, Philip, 1st Duke of  2.14

Whidbey (or Whidby), Joseph

     Master Attendant of Woolwich Dockyard  1.79

     Plymouth breakwater constructor, Admiralty policy-maker  1.17

Whitmore, William, engineer  1.76

     career  1.84n

Wilkie, Patrick: agent victualler at Malta  2.59

Wilkin, F. S., ‘The contribution of Portsmouth Royal Dockyard to the success of the Royal Navy in the Napoleonic War 1793–1815’  1.47–58

Wilkins, Robert  1.95

Wilkinson, Tate  1.98

Williams, Thomas, MP  1.76, 78

     career  1.84

William Bruce transport (1800)  2.61

Wills, William: agent victualler to the fleet  2.56, 63

Wimbledon, Edward Cecil, 1st Viscount  2.10, 19

Winchester (50), HMS (1717)  2.34, 35

Winchester College  1.97

Windmill Hill  2.83

Windsor, Dean and Chapter of  1.97

Windsor transport (1800)  2.62

Winooski, HMS  2.77

Wolfe, James  1.94

Wollaston, William, Principal Secretary of the Royal Society

     letter in favour of Robert Seppings’ principles (27 December 1811)  1.13

     at presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  1.11

Wood Mill erected in Chatham Dockyard (1813)  1.25

Wood Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard, see Portsmouth Royal Dockyard

Woolwich Royal Dockyard

     horse mortar mills  1.67

     Master Attendants

          Joseph Whidby (or Whidbey)  1.79

     Master Boat Builders

          Edward Hunt  1.105

          Master Shipwrights

     Martin Ware  1.98

     ropery, Samuel Bentham proposes fire-proof construction for  1.27

     steamships, Oliver Lang builds at for the Royal Navy 17

workforce in Portsmouth Dockyard: see Portsmouth Royal Dockyard

Y

Yarmouth (70), HMS (1709)  2.35

Yeo, James: agent victualler  2.59

York (60), HMS (1706)  2.34

Yorke, Sir Charles, First Lord of the Admiralty (1810–1812)

     at the reading of Robert Seppings’ paper on 10 March 1814  1.15

     involvement in Robert Seppings’ system  1.10, 16, 17

     visits HMS Tremendous (74) at Chatham (1810)  1.11

Yorke, Admiral Sir Joseph

     at the reading of Robert Seppings’ paper on 10 March 1814  1.15

     visits HMS Tremendous (74) at Chatham (1810)  1.11

Yorktown, British surrender at  2.47, 49

Young, Dr Thomas, Foreign Secretary of the Royal Society

     analysis of Robert Seppings’ principles, pure science vs practical experience  1.13

     appointed to the Board of Longitude (1818)  1.13–14

     at presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  1.11

     proposes Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  1.16

Young, Admiral William  1.76