Naval Dockyards Society

Exploring the civil branches of navies & their material culture

Index to Vol. 1: Portsmouth Dockyard in the Age of Nelson

Please note that a downloadable version of this index is available for Members in the Member’s Area.

 

References to illustrations are in italics.

A

Abbot, Charles  69

Abraham, Israel  104

Addington, Henry, Prime Minister

     appoints Earl St Vincent First Lord of the Admiralty  59

     resigns  60

Admiraal De Suffren (Dutch East India Company ship)  102, 103

Admiralty

     Committee to advise on discoveries and inventions (1829)  18

     Earl St Vincent, First Lord, see St Vincent, Admiral Sir John Jervis, Earl

     relationship with Navy Board  9

     Sir Charles Yorke, First Lord, see Yorke, Sir Charles

Admiralty Inspector General of Naval Works, see Inspector General of Naval Works

Admiralty Progress Books, hold near complete records of ships entering Portsmouth Dockyard  50

Albion Flour Mills, London  65

Allcott, John: Storekeeper at Portsmouth Dockyard  104

Allen, William, of the Royal Institution: and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ system (19 November 1811)  12

Amazon (38), HMS (1799): sheathed with recycled copper from the Metal Mills  74–75

anchors: mixed metal more economic than iron  25

Ansbach, Margravine of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard  93

Apollo (36), HMS (1799): sailors paid off cause problems in Portsmouth (April 1802)  99

Arethusa (38), HMS (1781): sailors paid off cause problems in Portsmouth (April 1802)  99

Arnaud, Elias  104

Arundel: Thomas Fitzherbert as MP (1780)  95

Avery, Philip: contractor for painter’s work, Portsmouth Dockyard  96

B

bake house, Victualling Board

     built (1740) in King Street, Portsmouth  35

     contains only six ovens  35

     fire hazard  36

     production of biscuit  43

Baker, William  104

Banks, Sir Joseph, President of the Royal Society

     and Congo River exploration  17

     death (1820)  12, 18

     and George III  12

     interests, achievements and involvement in naval enquiries  12

     at presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  11

     and Royal Society  15

Barfleur (90), HMS (1768): spends 323 days in dry dock (1792–1793) in Portsmouth  50

Barham, Charles Middleton, Lord, First Lord of the Admiralty

     Commission for Revising and Digesting the Civil Affairs of His Majesty’s Navy (Commission of Revision)  59, 75

     Commission of Naval Enquiry  75

     replaced at Admiralty (1806)  74

Barlow, Admiral Robert

     Commissioner of Chatham Dockyard  17

     Naval Fellow of the Royal Society  17

Barrallier, Jean Louis, Second Assistant to the Surveyors: reports on Robert Seppings’ submission  11

Barrow, John, FRS

     appointed to the Council of the Royal Society (1814)  15

     involvement in Robert Seppings’ system  10, 12, 15–18

     Second Secretary to the Admiralty (1804–1806 and 1807–1845)  10

Beach, Samuel, superintendent in the Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard

     pay  71

     progress on constructing two furnaces  68

Beaufort, Captain Francis: elected to the Royal Society (1814)  16

Bedford, John, quarterman  105

Belle (or Balle), Captain Andreas  101

Belvidere (East India Company ship): launched at Itchenor (April 1787)  93

Benamor, Lieutenant Fell: superintends hoys at Portsmouth (1808–1809)  40

Beneficial Society’s Hall, Portsmouth  104

Bentham, Jeremy, brother of Samuel, writer on jurisprudence  21

Bentham, Samuel: Admiralty Inspector General of Naval Works (1796–1807)

     ascertaining the strength of different metals begun by (1798)  25

     bars uneconomic customs used in private yards  24

     block-manufacturing machines  62

     Block Mills for Portsmouth Dockyard  63

     circular fixed saw  86

     colonel in the service of Catherine the Great of Russia (from 1780)  21

     covered docks and slips

          at Karlscrona, Sweden (1807)  26

          Portsmouth Dockyard  26

     demonstrates the use of steam engines at Westminster  23–24

     deputy (Simon Goodrich, 1805–1807)  65

     develops philosophical principles for the management of industrial organisations  22

     directs actual works and production lines  22

     fire-proof buildings in the dockyards  27

     given the management of the Wood Mills, Metal Mills, and Millwrights at Portsmouth Dockyard by the Navy Board  24

     inspects all dockyards (1795)  59

     introduces cofferdams at Portsmouth Dockyard together with strengthening embankments and quays  27

     machine tools at Portsmouth Dockyard  24

     mill for making roman cement established at Sheerness Dockyard  28

     moves to Navy Board (August 1808)  79

     office at the Navy Board abolished (1812)  79

     panopticon prison project (1794)  27

     papers by him, see ‘statements of services’ papers

     plans for Chatham’s number one slipway, see covered dock and slips

     position equivalent to today’s Integrated Project Team Manager  51

     proposes fitting and storing vessels within the dockyard  26

     pumps in Portsmouth Dockyard use steam engine  23

     and resistance to the introduction of new technology  22

     Russian shipbuilding project (1805–1807)  79

     sawmill at Portsmouth Dockyard  24

     shipbuilding at Redbridge, Hampshire  23

     steam-driven woodworking machinery  23–24, 45n

     steam engine at Redbridge, Hampshire  23

     submits plans to reorganize Portsmouth Dockyard (1795)  59

     technologies pioneered by him in the dockyards impossible to implement due to lack of coherent development  37

     title or rank of general  21

     trains as shipwright  60

     Victualling facilities at Portsmouth Dockyard

          inadequacies of  35

          new store for (1800–1801)  37

     Wood Mill at Chatham Dockyard (1813)  25

Berri, Duke of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard  93

block contractors, Plymouth Dockyard

     Dunsterville, Bartholomew  62

     Dunsterville, William  60

Block Mills, Portsmouth: see Portsmouth Royal Dockyard: Block Mills

blockade of the French fleet at Brest, using Torbay as anchorage (from 1798)  41

blocks, wood

     inserting metal bushes  61

     lignum vitae for  61, 66, 90

     machine tools, Brunel not responsible for introduction  85

     manufacture of  55–58, 61, 85–92

     mortising machine for the shell of pulley blocks, Brunel’s only fully automatic machine  87–89

     new table of dimensions  61

     supply of, to the Royal Navy  56, 60–61

Board of Commissioners for Revising the Civil Affairs of the Navy, see Commission of Revision

Board of Longitude  13–14

Bombay: East India Company’s yard builds HMS Malabar (74)  16

Bombay Castle (East India Company ship): lent to the Royal Navy as a transport (1780)  101

Boulton, Arthur, shipwright  105

Boulton, Matthew: works with James Watt and Josiah Wedgwood  65

Boulton and Watt steam engines

     installed in HMS Congo  17

     at Portsmouth Dockyard  80

     used for the first generation of Royal Navy steamships  17

Bowes-Smith, Arthur  101

Boyle, Captain the Hon. Courtenay

     elected to the Royal Society (1814)  16

     Naval Fellow of the Royal Society  17

Bramah, Joseph  86

Breadhower, John: Portsmouth bookseller  103

Brest, blockade of the French fleet at, using Torbay as anchorage (from 1798)  41

Brilliant (East India Company ship): repaired at Portsmouth Dockyard (1782)  101

Brixham reservoir  67

Brunel, Marc Isambard

     automatic mortising machine for the shell of pulley blocks  87–89

     boring machine  86–87

     Chief Engineer, New York  62

     circular saw for cutting logs for shells and sheaves for pulley blocks  66, 86, 90

     coaking machine  91–92

     corner saw  89

     helps to train the workmen at the Block Mills, Portsmouth Dockyard  22

     introduces the principle of the crank to mortising machines  88

     leading light for Maudslay, Bentham and Goodrich  85

     machines produced by him are mainly semi-automatic  85

     marries Sophia Kingdom, daughter of William Kingdom  62

     milling machinery  22

     offers his patented machine drawings to the Taylors and to Samuel Bentham  62

     proposer for John Knowles’s election to the Royal Society (1822)  17

     at the reading of Robert Seppings’ paper (10 March 1814)  15

     rounding saw  91

bucket dredger driven by steam engine

     completed in Portsmouth Dockyard (1802)  28

     designed by Bentham, first of its kind  28

     dredging depth reaches 26ft below low water (1812)  28

     second dredger built to work in the Thames  28

Bucknell, Thomas: Builder Assistant at Portsmouth Dockyard  104

Budgen or Budger, John: scavelman and landlord  104

Bunce, Samuel

     designs Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard with Edward Holl  64

     works in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  21

Burnett, Sir William (FRS), Director of Medical Services  18

Burr, James

     career  83n

     works in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  21

Byam Martin, Admiral Sir Thomas: see Martin, Admiral Sir Thomas Byam

C

Calcutta (East India Company ship)  101

Camber: East India Company acquires storage and repair facilities (by 1760)  100

Carnatic (East India Company ship): lent to the Royal Navy as a transport (1780)  101

Catherine the Great: and Samuel Bentham  21

coaks, manufacture of  57, 78

Coats, Ann, ‘The Block Mills: new labour practices for new machines?’  59–84

Chatham Royal Dockyard

     Bentham’s plans for number one slipway (1811–1812)  26

     Commissioners

          Admiral Robert Barlow  17

     fire-extinguishing works  25

     Howe (120), HMS (1815), built using Robert Seppings’ diagonal system  14

     Kent (74) HMS (1798), rebuilt to Robert Seppings’ principles  9

     Master Shipwrights

          Samuel Bentham, see Bentham, Samuel

          William Gray  60

          Robert Seppings, see Seppings, Robert

     Peake, Sir Henry, first assistant master shipwright  60

     Peake, John, trains there  63

     ropery

          lead yard  53

          production  53

     Wood Mill erected (1813)  25

     chips (dockyard privilege)  59, 69, 81, 99

Christ Church, Oxford  97

Christian, Admiral Sir Hugh  40, 42

Civil Architect and Engineer of the Navy

     new name for Inspector General of Naval Works (1807)  21

     post abolished (1812)  21

Clerk, Sir George (FRS): Admiralty policy-maker  17

Cockburn, Admiral Sir George (FRS)

     Admiralty policy-maker  17

     praises the partial application of Robert Seppings’ system to HMS Northumberland (74)  16

coffer dam at Portsmouth Dockyard, introduced by Samuel Bentham  27

Coffin, Rear Admiral Sir Isaac

     career  84

     enquires about the cost of re-manufacturing copper  76

     visits the Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard with Nelson  82

Colchester (50), HMS (1746): convoys Indiamen (1757)  100

Collins, Mr, of the Victualling Office, Portsmouth  93

Colossus (74), HMS (1803): sheathed with recycled copper from the Metal Mills  75

Colquhoun, Patrick, ‘Treatise on the Police of the Metropolis’  69

Commission of Naval Enquiry  60, 74

Commission of Revision (Commission for Revising and Digesting the Civil Affairs of His Majesty’s Navy)  59, 65, 74, 75

Commission on Fees  43, 59

Committee on the Copper Trade  76

cone clutch  88

Congo (12), HMS (1816), paddle-wheeler

     Boulton and Watt steam engine  17

     designed by Robert Seppings, for exploration of the Congo River  17

Congo River, exploration of  17

Conqueror (74), HMS (1801)

     fitting out, inventory of tasks completed in Plymouth by Joseph Tucker  33

     present at Trafalgar  32

     wages expended on repair (£303 3s 9d)  32

Controllers of the Navy: see Martin, Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Byam; Thompson, Captain Sir Thomas Boulden

Copley Gold Medal of the Royal Society: awarded to Robert Seppings (1818)  16

copper

     Colossus (74), HMS (1803), sheathed with recycled copper from Portsmouth Dockyard’s Metal Mills  75

     cost of re-manufacturing  76, 78

     Hibernia (110), HMS (1804), sheathed with recycled copper from Portsmouth Dockyard’s Metal Mills  74

     Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard re-process  25, 51, 53

     smelting furnaces at royal dockyards for re-processing  25

copper trade, control of supply and prices  76–77

Corbin, Ambrose, shipwright  104

Cort, Henry  72

covered docks and slips

     Navy Board recommends covering docks and slipways extensively  26

     Samuel Bentham views the covered docks in Karlscrona, Sweden (1807)  26

     Samuel Bentham’s plans for Chatham Dockyard’s number one slipway (1811/1812)  26

Cox, William, shipwright  104

Croker, John Wilson, First Secretary of the Admiralty

     agent for Robert Seppings’ knighthood (1819)  17

     member of the Council of the Royal Society  15

     proposes Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  16

Cruttenden (East India Company ship): repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (April 1770)  100

Cuddemore, William, victualler and pub landlord  104

D

da Vinci, Leonardo  88, 90, 92

Damerum, Thomas, shipwright  104

Danish Asiatic Company, uses Portsmouth Dockyard for repairs

     Johanna and Maria (May 1787)  101

     Providentia (1785)  101

Darch, Thomas

     career  84n

     First Clerk at the Admiralty Naval Works Department  74

Davis, Joseph, Clerk of the Cheque at Portsmouth Dockyard  104

Davy, Humphrey

     electricity based protection systems for copper sheathing a failure  18

     President of the Royal Society  18

Denston, Stokeham  105

Diaper, John  104

Diddams, Nicholas, Master Shipwright at Portsmouth Dockyard: builds Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard with Sir Henry Peake  64

Deptford Royal Dockyard

     ballast-heaving engine, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  67

     steam driven circular saws for cutting staves for casks, proposed by Samuel Bentham (1807)  45n

Deptford Victualling Office

     horse wheel pump for  67

     single system with Portsmouth and Plymouth  37, 45n

Domett, Admiral Sir William, Lord of the Admiralty: supporter of Robert Seppings  14

Douty, Obedience, spinster  104

dredgers, steam bucket ladder, designed by Samuel Bentham  28, 52

Duke of Palma: visits Portsmouth Dockyard (1800)  93

Dummer, Edward  60

Duncan, Henry: Deputy Controller  64

Dundas, Henry: and Bentham’s steam-driven woodworking machinery  24

Dundas, Robert Saunders, see Melville, Robert Dundas, 2nd Viscount

Dunsterville, Bartholemew, of Plymouth, block contractors  62

Dunsterville, Thomas: fellow shipwright apprentice at Chatham with Samuel Bentham  60

Dunsterville, William, of Plymouth, block contractors  60

Dutch East India Company

     agent (from 1749) George Huish  102

     Batavia-bound ships visiting Portsmouth  (1759–1795)  102

     deserters find refuge in Portsmouth  103

     Voorland stays in dock in Portsmouth for repair for 65 days  102

E

Eagleton, Edward  103

East India Company

     Belvidere launched at Itchenor (April 1787)  93

     Cruttenden repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (April 1770)  100

     Cuvera, see Malabar

     Hartwell launched at Itchenor (May 1787)  93

     Malabar (56), HMS, built by, to Robert Seppings’ system (1798)  16

     Portsmouth Dockyard handles the bulk of repair work  100

     relationship with the Royal Navy  00

     Speaker repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (March 1772)  100

     storage and repair facilities in the Camber (by 1760)  100–101

Edye, John (FRS): Chief Constructor  18

Elfi Bey, the ‘Mameluke Chief’: tours Portsmouth Dockyard (1803)  93

Elliot, William  60

     career  85n

embezzlement from Portsmouth Dockyard (1774–1780)  98–99

F

fire insurance  104, 105

fitting and storing naval vessels within the boundary of a dockyard

     deepening and enlarging the basin  26

     halving the length of the existing double dock  26

     using caissons or floating dams to serve as gates  26, 51

     using pumps with moveable steam engines to control the water level in docks  26

Fisher, Henry Jr., baker  104

Fitzherbert, Thomas (1746–1822), merchant in Portsmouth

     becomes Arundel’s MP with Lord Sandwich’s backing (1780)  95

     leases Stubbington Manor on Portsea Island  95

     supplies horses to Portsmouth Dockyard  95

fleet reviews in Portsmouth (1773 and 1778)  98

food, naval: sailors’ complaints in HMS Namur (90) (January 1758)  99

Frankland, Thomas, Admiralty policy-maker  17

French navy: blockaded at Brest, using Torbay as anchorage (from 1798)  41

Frett, Edward  104

G

Ganges (East India Company ship): lent to the Royal Navy as a transport (1780)  101

Garthshore, William  60

     career  85

George III, King of Great Britain: intimate of Sir Joseph Banks  12

Gilbert, K. R.: definitive work on block-making machinery  85

Gooden, John, quarterman  105

Goodrich, Simon, mechanist, Admiralty and Navy Board employee

     attends Arbitration Court (1810)  65

     Bentham’s deputy (1805–1807)  65

     Brunel is leading light for  85

     in customized research teams with Watt, Wedgwood etc.  65

     draughtsman to Samuel Reke then succeeds him (in 1799)  67

     describes how politics are affecting the future of the Block Mills (1806)  75

     early life and family history  64

     engineer and mechanist to the Navy Board  (1814)  79

     makes plans, estimates and supervises great variety of projects outside the Block Mills  67

     marries Susanna Lloyd  64

     mechanist to the Navy Board (1799)  65

     moves to Portsmouth (1814)  79

     moves to Portugal (1834)  80

     papers in the Science Museum Library  63

     position at the Navy Board abolished (December 1812)  79

     prime mover in the industrialization of the dockyards (1812–1831)  80

     reports on the merits of Robert Seppings’ repair of the Justitia (1817)  16

     runs the Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  65

     services listed by Samuel Reke (1806)  65

     Society of Arts prizes  65

     transferred to Navy Board (October 1807)  65

     wide-ranging interests  65

     works in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  21

Goodwin, Peter, ‘Preparing HMS Victory and the ships for Trafalgar’  31–34

Gower, Captain Leveson  100

Graham, Sir James: First Lord of the Admiralty (1830)  80, 81

Grand Storehouse, Portsmouth: paid for by the Victualling Board  37

Gray, William, Master Shipwright at Chatham Dockyard: trains Samuel Bentham  60

Green Row Rooms, Portsmouth  104

Greenway, John  105

Grenville, Thomas: First Lord of the Admiralty (1806)  74

Grey, Charles: First Lord of the Admiralty (1806)  74

Grimshaw, John: Sunderland ropemaker  75, 78

Gun Wharf, Portsmouth  37

H

Hall, Basil: Admiralty policy-maker  17

Hall, Edward  96

Hamilton, Major-General  62

Hamond, Captain Sir Andrew Snape  68

Hansen, Paulus  102

Hants, Sussex, and Dorset Fire Insurance  93, 104

Harding, James  103

Hartwell (East India Company ship): launched at Itchenor (April 1787)  93

Haslar Hospital: Simon Goodrich suggests improvements  67

Hat in Hand pub, Portsmouth  104

Hawke (East India Company ship)  100

Hay, Robert, Private Secretary to Lord Melville, Admiralty policy-maker  17

Haydn, Franz Joseph: turned away from visiting Portsmouth Dockyard (1794)  93–94

Henslow, Sir John: Surveyor of the Navy (1784–1806)  63, 64

Hewitt, James  99

Hibernia (110), HMS (1804),recycled copper analysed (1806)  74

Hills, Thomas: Master Sailmaker  96

Holl, Edward, Architect and Engineer

     delineates responsibilities with Samuel Goodrich  68

     designs Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard with Samuel Bunce  64

Holmes, Thomas, coal merchant  104

Hood, Samuel, Commissioner of Portsmouth Dockyard  98

Horsborough, Captain James (EIC): hydrographer  17

horses

     cement mill at Portsmouth Dockyard  28

     Deptford Victualling Office  67

     mortar mill at Woolwich Dockyard  67

     raise water at the Portsmouth brewhouses  45n

     supplied to Portsmouth Dockyard by Thomas Fitzherbert  95

Howe, Admiral Lord  93, 99

Howe (120), HMS (1815)

     built at Chatham Dockyard using Robert Seppings’ diagonal system (1815)  14

     comparison with HMS St Vincent and HMS Nelson  15, 16

Howick, Lord see Grey, Lord

Huddart, Joseph (EIC): and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  11

Hunt, Edward, Surveyor of the Navy  105

Hunt, Thomas  104

Huish, George

     consul of the Dutch government  102

     Dutch East India Company agent (from 1749)  102

     Honourable East India Company agent  100

     town clerk and coroner in Portsmouth  98, 102

I

Inion, William, scavelman and landlord  104, 105

Inspector General of Naval Works see Office of Naval Works

J

James, William, historian: uses John Knowles’ pamphlet to complete his discussion of Robert Seppings’ system  17

Jellico, Adam  72

Jervis, Admiral Sir John see St Vincent, Earl

Johanna and Maria (Danish Asiatic Company ship): repaired at Portsmouth Dockyard (May 1787)  101

Johnstone Hope, Sir William, First Sea Lord  17

Justitia, ex-Danish battleship: badly distorted and used for a demonstration by Robert Seppings (1817)  16

K

Karlscrona, Sweden: Bentham views the covered docks (1807)  26

Kent, Henry  101

Kent (74), HMS (1798)

     deterioration of her hull in two years (1803–1805)  9

     rebuilt in Chatham Dockyard to Robert Seppings’ principles, to remain in service for another eighty years  9

     sent home by Nelson accompanied by a transport  9

Kerr, David Ramsay, surgeon at Portsmouth Dockyard  105

Khan, Mirza Abul Hassan: tours new Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard (1810)  93

Kingdom, John: chief clerk in the secretary’s office at the Navy Office  62

Kingdom, Sophia: marries Brunel  62

Kingdom, William: Plymouth Dockyard contractor  62

knees: iron substituted for wooden  9

Knowles, John, Chief Clerk of the Surveyors’ Office

     elected Fellow of the Royal Society (1822)  17

     pamphlet The Elements and Practice of Naval Architecture (1822)  17

Kraai (Dutch East India Company packetboat)  102

L

Lady Penrhyn  101

Lambert, Andrew, ‘Science and seapower: The Navy Board, the Royal Society and the structural reforms of Sir Robert Seppings’  9–19

Lang, Oliver, pupil of Robert Seppings, shipbuilder: builds Royal Navy steamships at Woolwich  17

Legg’s Demi-Bastion, Portsmouth  37

Levant Company  97

Lindegren, Andrew  98, 104

Linzee, Edward, apothecary in Portsmouth

     assembles substantial property portfolio  98

     declines knighthood (1778)  98

     eight times mayor  98

Lock, John, Master Shipwright at Portsmouth Dockyard  104

Lloyd, John, millwright  64, 71

Lloyd, Sarah: marries Simon Goodrich  64

Lloyd & Ostell  65

Luffman, Mr, shipwright  104

M

Malabar (74), HMS: first ship built to Robert Seppings’ system  16

Markham, Captain John  60

     career  82n

Marsden, John  75

     career  84n

Marsden, William

     Admiralty policy-maker  17

     career  83n

     on the Commission of Naval Enquiry  76

     enquires about the cost of re-manufacturing copper  76

     and William Taylor’s blockmaking contract  62

Martell, Peter, shipwright  105

Martin, Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Byam

     Controller of the Navy Board (1814)  15, 16, 18

     recommends Robert Seppings for major financial reward  17

Maudslay, Henry

     and Marc Isambard Brunel  62, 85

     mechanist vs engineer  65, 79

     Thames Tunnel  65

Melville, Robert Dundas, 2nd Viscount

     favours building a new dockyard at Northfleet  14

     First Lord of the Admiralty  14

     visits the Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard (1807)  76–77

Meredith, John, Second Clerk of the Cheque at the Victualling Yard, Portsmouth: salary  39–40

Merritt, William, shipwright  104, 105

Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard: see Portsmouth Royal Dockyard

Middleton, Charles, see Barham, Charles Middleton, Lord

military expeditions

     Portsmouth as assembly point  40

     West Indies (November 1795) with 18,740 troops in 200 transports  40

mill for making roman cement, established by Samuel Bentham at Sheerness Dockyard  28

Monaco, Prince of: tours Portsmouth Dockyard (1768)  93

Montagu, Admiral Sir George  42

Morriss, Roger, ‘The office of the Inspector General of Naval Works and technological innovation in the Royal Dockyards’  21–29

mortising machine for the shell of pulley blocks, Brunel’s only fully automatic machine  87–89

Motley, J. C., insurance agent  104

Murdoch, William  88

mutiny, Portsmouth (1783)  99–100

Murray, James  99

N

Namur, HMS: sailors’ complaints of poor food (January 1758)  99

Naval Academy, Portsmouth

     William Bayly, Headmaster  96

     pupils get drunk in town  99

     John Walton, Headmaster  98

Navy Board

     abolished (1832)  18, 80

     Lord Barham’s administrative reorganisation  59

     Samuel Bentham moves to (August 1808)  79

     Controller of  15

     independence regarding technical policy  14

     Inspector General of Naval Works transferred to (1807)  21

     merchant yards not used for shipbuilding after 1815  17

     opposes the use of steam engines for fear of deranging established practices  23

     recommends covering docks and slipways extensively  26

     relationship with Admiralty  9

     resistance to change  11

     see also Surveyors of the Navy

Navy Surveyor, see Surveyors of the Navy

Nelson (120), HMS: comparison with HMS Howe  15, 16

Nelson, Horatio

     desires a station in the East India Company’s service  100

     on Lisbon  105

     sends HMS Kent home due to structural problems  9

     visits Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  82

Nepean, Evan, Secretary to the Admiralty: resigns because of St Vincent’s Commission for Naval Enquiry  60

New Fire Office Insurance  104

non-recoil gun carriages, Simon Goodrich’s contrivances for  67

Northfleet, site of proposed new dockyard  14

     Lord Melville favours  14

     Robert Seppings a candidate to build  14

Northumberland (74), HMS (1798), partial application of Robert Seppings’ system  16

O

Office of Naval Works

     established at the Admiralty (1796)  21, 59

     Inspector General: post held by Samuel Bentham (1796–1807)  21

     renamed Civil Architect and Engineer of the Navy (1807)  21

     James Sadler works in the department (1800)  21

     transferred to the Navy Board (1807)  21

Ollis family, in the Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  72

Orange, Prince and Princess of: visit Portsmouth Dockyard (1800)  93

Ordnance Board

     Grand Storehouse paid for by the Victualling Board  37

     Legg’s Demi-Bastion at Portsmouth  37

     New Gun Wharf at Portsmouth (from 1799)  37

     transfers land at Weevil to Victualling Board (1828)  37

     transfers land in Portsmouth for a new Victualling store (1800–1801)  37

P

Palma, Duke of: tours Portsmouth Dockyard (1768)  93

Parys Mine Company  76

paying off  99

Peace of Amiens (1802)

     influence on operational availability of line-of-battle ships vs frigates and below  48

     welcomed by Portsmouth Dockyard for consolidation  49

Peake, Sir Henry

     builds Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard with Nicholas Diddams  64

     first assistant master shipwright at Chatham  60

     opposition to Robert Seppings’ principles  13, 17

     Surveyor of the Navy (1806–1822)  13, 14, 60, 78

Peake, James: works in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  21

Peake, John, Navy Board Surveyor (1806–1822)

     extra assistant Civil Engineer and Architect  60

     fellow shipwright apprentice at Chatham with Bentham  60

     suggests metal standing rigging  25

Pelican Life Company  104

Philosophical Transactions (1814)  15

Phoenix Insurance  104

Pickard, James  88

Pickle, HMS (1799), armed schooner

     present at Trafalgar  32

     repairs completed in Plymouth by Joseph Tucker before Trafalgar 34

     wages expended on repair £139 5s 4d  32

Pitt, Thomas: Clerk of the Cheque at the Victualling Yard, Portsmouth

     salary  39–40

Plymouth Royal Dockyard

     Conqueror (74), HMS (1801), inventory of tasks completed on  34

     fire-proof buildings to Bentham’s plans  27

     Joiners’ and Carpenters’ Shop, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  67

     Pickle, HMS (1799), inventory of tasks completed on  34

     reservoir, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  67

     rope production  53

     Tucker, Joseph, master shipwright

          brother of Benjamin  59

          dockyard papers and work refitting ships present at Trafalgar  31–34

          gives details of what work is done when ships go into Ordinary  32

     Victualling Yard

          officers petition for equal pay with Portsmouth (1803)  41

          predictions of demand (1794–1815)  41

          single system with Deptford and Portsmouth  37

Pococke, Dr Richard  94

Poole, Jeffrey, MP  60

Portsea Concert Room, St George’s Square  104

Portsea Island  95

Portsmouth

     bake house (Victualling Board’s) in

          built in 1740  35

          contains only six ovens  35

          fire hazard  35

     bankruptcies in  96

     bookshops

          great variety of books available  103–104

          senior dockyard workers good customers  103, 104

     Camber  100–101

     coroner  102

     description (1748)  95

     fire insurance agents (1783–1805)  104

     fleet reviews (1773 and 1778)  98

     medicine and drug warehouse  103

     military control of, eighteenth century

          curfew guns  98

          military posts  98

          opening and shutting town gates  98

     Naval Academy: pupils get drunk in town  99

     population (1725–1811)  94

     Portsea: street names introduced  104

     prisoners of war  95

     sailors cause problems in

          complaining about poor food on HMS Namur (January 1758 )  99

          demolishing a public house (March 1758 and February 1766)  99

          paid off from HMS Apollo and HMS Arethusa  (April 1802)  99

     St George’s Church: built by dockyard workers (1753)  97

     storehouses for dry provisions

          large building added (1782)  36

          originally one storehouse (1740)  36

     street names introduced to Portsea  104

     Suckling, Maurice (1726–1778), Naval Comptroller, returns as MP  97

     town clerk  102

     town life effectively controlled by

          garrison governor  98

          mayor  98

          resident dockyard commissioner  98

Portsmouth Royal Dockyard

     Admiralty Progress Books, hold near complete records of ships entering  50

     Admiralty Visitation (1802)  62–63

     Bentham’s plans to reorganise  26, 59

     Block Mills

          Samuel Beach, superintendent  68, 71

          building designed by Samuel Bunce and Edward Holl  64

          built by Portsmouth Dockyard’s craftsmen under Henry Peake and Nicholas Diddams  64

          Commission of Naval Enquiry (1802)  59

          conceived by Bentham  63

          construction of (1802)  62

          furnaces constructed  68

          include Wood Mills, Metal Mills, and Millwrights’ shop  63

          machines designed by Marc Isambard Brunel  60

          Mirza Abul Hassan Khan, Persian Shah’s representative, tours (1810)  93

          productivity of output  55, 78

          run by Simon Goodrich  65

          savings to the public  22, 78, 79

          state at 3 October 1805  74

          supply all the navy’s blocks by 1807  55, 78

          swing arm circular saw  66

          workforce

               efficiency of  55, 58

               pay and conditions for  69–74

               recruited from outside the Dockyard  64

     blocks, wood

          automatic mortising machine for (Brunel’s)  87–89

          circular saw for (Brunel’s)  86, 90

          coaks for  78, 92

          manufacture of  55–8

          metal bushes  61

          smaller vs larger  60

          supply of, to the Royal Navy  56, 78

     Boat Pond converted to a basin by Samuel Bentham  26

     boiler house (1830)  80

     bucket ladder dredger driven by steam engine, designed by Samuel Bentham (1802)  28

     Camber Docks

          capable of docking two large frigates or three sloops  26, 52

          converted from North Camber or channel by Bentham  26, 52

          divided by a caisson  26

          steam engines for  26, 67

     circular sawing machines, Samuel Goodrich’s drawings for  67

     Clerks of the Cheque

          Joseph Davis  104

          Thomas Snell  105

     coal yard, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  67

     coffer dam, introduced by Bentham  27

     contribution to the fleet’s success during the Napoleonic Wars  58

     covered docks and slips introduced by Samuel Bentham  26

     Cruttenden (East India Company ship): repaired (April 1770)  100

     curfew gun  98

     Danish Asiatic Company, uses Portsmouth Dockyard for repairs

          Johanna and Maria (May 1787)  101

          Providentia (1785)  101

     docking days (1793–1815)  50, see also ton dock days

     dry docks

          Barfleur (90), HMS (1768), spends 323 days in  50

          double dock replaced by docks numbers two and three  26, 51

          enlargement of non-tidal basin  52

          introduction of caissons  52

          ships spent there used as a measure of dockyard output  50

          steam engine for  67

          Voorland (Dutch East India Company ship), stays in dock for repair for 65 days  102

     Duke of Palma visits (1786)  93

     Dutch East India Company

          agent (from 1749) George Huish  102

          deserters find refuge  103

          outward-bound Indiamen call regularly  101

          vessel size and types range from 1300 ton Admiral De Suffren to 136 ton packetboat Kraai  102

          Voorland stays in dock for repair for 65 days  102

     efficiency increase during the Napoleonic Wars  58

     Elfi Bay, the Mameluke Chief, tours (1803)  93

     embezzlement (1774–1780)  98–99

     fire extinguishing system, introduced by Bentham  24

     fire-proof buildings to Bentham’s plans  27

     fires in

          1767  101

          1770  61, 101

     Franz Joseph Haydn: turned away from visiting (1794)  93

     horses

          drive the cement mill  28

          supplied by Thomas Fitzherbert  95

     machine tools driven by steam  24, 63

     Mast Pond: Samuel Bentham’s plans for improvement  63

     Master Boat Builders

          Edward Hunt  105

     Master House Carpenters

          Nicholas Vass  97

          Master Millwrights

          Mr Linacre  72

     Master Sailmakers

          Thomas Hills  96

     Master Shipwrights (aka Builders)

          Nicholas Diddams  64, 78

          John Lock  104

          Sir Henry Peake  60, 64

          Mr Waugh  106

     Metal Mills, introduced by Bentham (1803)

          copper melter, pay of  71–72

          furnacemen  72, 74

          improve quality of metal and remove reliance on copper merchants  25, 68

          iron knees replace wooden knees  53

          major supplier of copper for the Royal Navy  25, 53, 58

          make metal parts for blocks  63

          manufacture cast iron, mixed metals and copper sheathing  25

          plans of  52

          re-process copper  25, 60, 68

          run by John Lloyd  64

          savings to the public  25, 78, 79

          smelt, cast and roll metal  25

          use commercially established and proven developments  51

          use spare steam capacity from pumping docks  60

          workforce pay and conditions  70–72, 74

     mill for making cement

          built by Simon Goodrich  65

          horse-powered  28

          introduced by Samuel Bentham  28

     Millwrights’ department

          help to fit and improve articles used on board ships  24

          introduced by Samuel Bentham  24, 53

          make machine tools for other dockyards  24

          maintain the whole water system including the fire extinguishing systems.  24

     mud barges, to accompany the steam dredgers  28

     North Basin

          capable of docking seven or eight frigates  26, 52

          converted from North Boat Pond and channel  26, 52

          most cost-effective improvement in the Royal Dockyards  52

          steam engines for  26

     Peace of Amiens welcomed for consolidation  49

     performance increase during Napoleonic Wars  51

     Prince and Princess of Wales visit (1803 and 1805)  93

     Pump House

          12HP steam engine erected by Simon Goodrich  65

     reciprocating saw mill, Simon Goodrich’s drawings for  67

     reservoir, improved by Samuel Bentham  27, 60

     Ropery and Sail Cloth Manufactory (1804)  25, 53

          Master Ropemaker sidelined  53

          steam power a fire risk  53

     sailings from, by ship type  49

     sawmill

          introduced by Samuel Bentham  24

          pumping and sawing apparatus  73

     seasoning timber

          Samuel Bentham’s experiments  26–27

          sheds established by Lord Sandwich  26

          workshop built over the reservoir  27

     Sheffield, W. E.: Master of the Mills  25

     smiths  53, 67

     steam dredger, designed by Samuel Bentham  28, 52

     steam engines at

          12HP machine  67

          30HP machine  67

          50HP machine  67

          ballast-heaving engine  67

          to drive pumps and machinery  23, 67

          to pump fresh or sea water in case of fire  27

     Storekeepers

          John Allcott  104

          John Greenway  105

     Surgeons

          David Ramsay Kerr  105

     survey, 1774  93

     ton dock days per year: increase of 107% (1793–1815)  50, 58

     Victualling Office see Victualling Office

     water, fresh

          distributed by cast-iron piping in two adjacent courses  27, 45n, 67

          raised to an elevated reservoir by steam engine  27, 67

          shipped from Southampton Water (until 1797)  27

          Watering Island, plans for (1801)  37

          well sunk by Bentham  27, 37

     wharf crane, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  67

     Wood Mills, introduced by Samuel Bentham

          able to supply from October 1807 all of the Navy’s need of blocks  78

          built over the reservoir  27

          cost recovered in three years from production savings  58

          engine keepers of  57

          foreman of  57

          leading edge technology  51

          lit by lamps not candles  27, 81

          machinery repairers  57

          Master of  57

          model for mills elsewhere  25

          steam powered  25, 60, 67

          supply the fleet with a ‘lean manned’ and very efficient mill  58

     workers in

          apprentices biggest proportional increase during Napoleonic Wars  54

          change in the distribution of various groups during Napoleonic Wars  54

          discharged for refusing to go Woolwich  96

          effect of war on labour opportunities  95, 96

          largest elements are skilled workers during Napoleonic Wars  54

          numbers of  80, 94, 96

          recruitment of  54

          senior dockyard workers good bookshop customers  103, 104

          strikes (1775 and 1805)  96, 99

          suspicious of proposed changes (1783)  99

          tables of

          by skill levels  54

          by work areas  54

          travelling expenses  96

          wood millers  25

          work Christmas Day 1792  95

Prince Gustavus Swedish Indiaman  101

Princess Augusta Swedish Indiaman  101

prisoners of war, held in the Portsmouth area  95

prize money  99

Progress Books, Admiralty: hold near complete records of ships entering Portsmouth Dockyard  50

Providentia (Danish Asiatic Company ship): repaired at Portsmouth Dockyard (1785)  101

pulley blocks

     circular saw for  86, 90

     machine tools, Brunel not responsible for introduction  85

     mortising machine for shells, Brunel’s  87–89

Q

Quarterly Review  15

Queen (90), HMS: spends 1,151 days (1789–1792) in dry dock in Portsmouth Dockyard  50

R

Redbridge, Hampshire: Bentham’s steam engine at  23

Reke, Samuel

     first Mechanist in the Office of Naval Works  65

     Simon Goodrich acts as draughtsman to then succeeds him (in 1799)  67

     lists works carried out under Simon Goodrich  65

Rennie, John, engineer

     inspects Portsmouth Dockyard  79

     installation of Boulton and Watt steam engine in HMS Congo  17

     and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  12

     proposes Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  16

Riley, Ray, ‘Marc Brunel’s pulley block-making machinery: operation and assessment’  85–92

Rogers, Heigham  75, 84n

roman cement, mill at Sheerness established by Samuel Bentham  28

Rood, Mr  104

Ropery and Sail Cloth Manufactory, established by Samuel Bentham (1804)  25

ropes produced by Portsmouth Royal Dockyard: did not develop during the wars (1793–1815)  53

Royal African Company  97

Royal Clarence Yard, new victualling facilities at the Weevil site (1828)  37

Royal Exchange fire insurance company  104

Royal George (100), HMS (1788)  80

     monument in Kingston churchyard  105

Royal Navy

     borrows the Ganges (East India Company ship) as a transport (1780)  101

     composition of (1793–1815)  48–49

     Humphrey Davy’s connection with  18

     losses from all causes (1793–1815)  47

     steamships built at Woolwich by Oliver Lang  17

Royal Society  12–18

     awards Copley Gold Medal to Robert Seppings (1818)  16

     in Somerset House  12

Rule, Sir William, Navy Board Surveyor (1793–1813)  63, 64

S

Sadler, James, works in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  21

St Ann’s Church, Portsmouth  97

St George’s Church, Portsmouth: built by dockyard workers (1753)  97

St Thomas’s Church, Portsmouth  97

St Vincent, Admiral Sir John Jervis, Earl

     appointed First Lord of the Admiralty (1801)  59

     appoints Robert Seppings as Master Shipwright at Chatham (1804)  10

     and the civil branch of the Navy  59–60, 61

     close blockade of Brest (1799)  9

     and Commission of Naval Enquiry  74

     leaves Admiralty (15 May 1803)  60

San Ildefonso, Spanish two-decker captured at Trafalgar: used as depot for stores at Spithead  36

Sandwich, Lord

     backs Thomas Fitzherbert as Arundel’s MP (1780)  95

visits Portsmouth Dockyard (1775) 99

Saxton, Charles  68, 70

Schäffhausen Bridge, inspiration to Robert Seppings  16

scavelmen

     Portsmouth landlords  104

     proposed as second engine keepers at the Wood Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard  70

Scheldt, blockade of (1803–1805)  9

Schonderloo (Dutch East India Company ship)  102, 102–103

Scorpion sloop  100

Segeswick, Thomas  104

Seppings, Sir Robert

     appointed Master Shipwright at Chatham (1804)  10

     appointed Third Surveyor of the Navy (14 June 1813)  14

     awarded Copley Gold Medal of the Royal Society (1818)  16

     candidate for the proposed dockyard at Northfleet  14

     critical reference to the Navy Board  14

     criticism of merchant shipbuilding practice  17

     designs first generation of Royal Navy steam vessels  17

     designs HMS Congo for exploration of the river  17

     dismissal (1832)  18

     Sir William Domett a supporter  14

     elected to Fellowship of the Royal Society (11 November 1814)  16

     explanation of his system  10

     Simon Goodrich reports on his system  16

     knighthood  17

     Sir Henry Peake opposes his system  13, 1.17

     produces developments in naval architecture (1800–1820)  10

     recommended for major financial reward  17

     Royal Society papers

          ‘On a new principle of constructing His Majesty’s ships of war’ (10 March 1814)  15

           ‘On a New Principle of Constructing Ships in the Mercantile Navy’ (2 and 9 March1820)  17

           ‘On the great strength given to Ships of War by the application of Diagonal braces’ (27 November 1817)  16

     system of diagonal riders  10, 16: see also Howe, HMS; Justitia; Malabar, HMS; Northumberland, HMS

     use of model and drawings to illustrate principles to Admiralty  12–13

     Sir Charles Yorke’s involvement  10, 16, 17

Sharpe, Thomas  93

sheaves for pulley blocks, manufacture  90–91

Sheerness Royal Dockyard

     coffer dam and ‘foundation masses’, introduced by Samuel Bentham  27–28

     fire-proof buildings to Samuel Bentham’s plans  27

     mill for making roman cement, established by Samuel Bentham  28

     Storekeepers

          Thomas Snell  105

     well sunk by Samuel Bentham  27

sheathing, copper: Humphrey Davy’s electricity based protection systems a failure  18

Sheffield, W. E.: Master of the Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  25

Sheldon, Matthew, ‘A tale of two cities: the facilities, work and impact of the Victualling Office in Portsmouth, 1793–1815’  35–45

shells for pulley blocks, manufacture of  85–90

ship losses, during the Napoleonic Wars  47

shipwrights

     Samuel Bentham  60

     Nicholas Diddams  64, 78

     William Gray  60

     John Lock  104

     Sir Henry Peake  60, 64

     Sir Robert Seppings, see Seppings, Sir Robert

     William Stride  105

     Joseph Tucker, see Tucker, Joseph

     Mr Waugh  106

Simmonds, Mr: quartermaster at Portsmouth Dockyard  105

Skottowe, Richard  99

Smart, Mr, and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  12

Smeaton, John  89

Smith, George: Navy Board secretary  80, 81

Snell, Thomas  105

Snodgrass, Gabriel: his system of internal bracing for older, smaller vessels  9

Somerset House: home of the Royal Society in early nineteenth century  12

Society of Arts: prizes awarded to Simon Goodrich  65

Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge: links with Portsmouth  97

Society for the Propagation of the Gospel: missionaries use Portsmouth as departure point  97

Southwell, Daniel  105

Speaker (East India Company ship): repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (March 1772)  100

Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl

     Admiralty policy-maker  17

     First Lord of the Admiralty 62

Spithead

     fleet winters there throughout the 1790s  40

     San Ildefonso, Spanish two-decker captured at Trafalgar, used as a depot for stores  36

Square Tower, Portsmouth

     slaughterhouse on adjoining land  36

     store  36

Stanley, Hans, MP: Admiralty Commissioner  60

‘Statements of Services’ papers by Samuel Bentham (1812–1813)

     annotated with marginal references to the dates of official letters  21

      ‘Statement of Services relative to the Improvement and Formation of Naval Arsenals’  21

      ‘Statement of Services relative to the Improvement of Manufactures requisite in Naval Arsenals’  21

     summarizes what the author claimed to have contributed to dockyard operations  21

steam

     Boulton and Watt engine, installed in HMS Congo  17

     demonstrated at Westminster by Samuel Bentham  23–24

     Dockyards (1812–1831)  80

     Navy Board opposes  23

     Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  60

     pumps at Portsmouth Dockyard  23, 26

     Sadler steam engine  64, 77

     steam bucket ladder dredgers

          in the Thames  28

          machinery supplied by John Lloyd  64

          at Portsmouth (1802), increases the depth of water at the tidal entrance  28, 52

     Wood Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  60

steamships: Oliver Lang builds at Woolwich Dockyard  17

Stephens, Sir Philip  60, 74

     career  82n

Stoete, Hendrik  102

storing and fitting naval vessels within the boundary of a dockyard

     deepening and enlarging the basin  26

     halving the length of the existing double dock  26

     using caissons or floating dams to serve as gates  26, 51

     using pumps with moveable steam engines to control water level in docks  26

Stormont (East India Company ship)  101

strength of metals

     ascertaining the strength of different metals begun by Bentham (1798)  25

     Samuel Bentham provides specification of mixed metals to private manufacturers by 1813  25

     improvements made in the quality of mixed metals  25

Stride, William, shipwright  105

Stubbington Manor, leased by Thomas Fitzherbert  95

Suckling, Maurice (1726–1778), Naval Comptroller

     appealed to by Nelson  100

     returns as MP for Portsmouth  97

Sun Fire Insurance  104

Surveyors of the Navy: see Henslow, John; Hunt, Edward; Peake, Sir Henry; Peake, John; Rule, Sir William; Seppings, Sir Robert; Symonds, Captain Sir William

Sutton, Samuel: new commander of HMS Victory at re-commissioning (9 April 1803)  31

Symonds, Captain Sir William: Surveyor of the Navy (1832)  18

T

task work  81

Taylor, Dr, Secretary to the Society of Arts, and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  12

Taylors of Southampton, block contractors  60

     blockmakers borne on Portsmouth Dockyard’s books  61

     dispute over continuation of contract and pricing  61–62

     machinery used by  60–61, 85, 86, 88

     supply blocks to the Royal Navy  60, 61, 78

     supply blocks to the East India Company  78

Temple Mills copper works  84

Thames, River

     cast-iron tunnel  65

     steam bucket ladder dredger  28

Thomas, James H., ‘Portsmouth yard and town in the age of Nelson (1758–1805) – a relationship examined’  93–107

Thompson, Captain Sir Thomas Boulden, Controller of the Navy  10, 79

tidal mill, Portsmouth  36

ton dock days per year at Portsmouth Dockyard: increase of 107% during the Napoleonic Wars  50

Torbay: anchorage for the blockade of Brest (from 1798)  41

trade routes: protection of leads to expansion of naval forces  47

Trafalgar, Battle of (1805)

     HMS Conqueror (74) present at  32

     HMS Pickle present at  32

treenails: Samuel Bentham’s improved method of driving  63

Tremendous (74), HMS

     recaulked at Sheerness (1811)  11

     Robert Seppings’ repairs at Chatham (1810) and captain’s report (1811)  10–11, 14

     Sir Charles Yorke and Sir Joseph Yorke visit (1810)  11

Trevithick, Thomas: cast-iron Thames Tunnel  65

troops, supply of in Spain and Portugal after Trafalgar  47

Troubridge, Sir Thomas  60

     career  85n

Tucker, Benjamin, Clerk of the Cheque at Portsmouth Dockyard

     ally of St Vincent  59

     brother of Joseph  59

Tucker, Joseph, master shipwright at Plymouth Dockyard

     ally of St Vincent  59, 78

     brother of Benjamin  59

     Conqueror, HMS (74), inventory of tasks completed in Plymouth on  34

     dockyard papers for ships present at Trafalgar  32

     fitting out ships, work done  32

     opposes Robert Seppings’ system of diagonal riders  17

     Ordinary, work done to prepare ships  32

     Pickle, HMS, inventory of tasks completed in Plymouth on  34

V

Varlo, Philip and Mary, supply blocks to the Royal Navy in the 1770s  60

Vass, Nicholas  97

Vernon, John, Master of the Metal Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard (1807)  72, 78

Victory (100), HMS (1765)

     repair in Chatham Dockyard (1802–1803)

          bulwarks raised and built up  31

          cost of (£70,933)  31

          figurehead replaced with simpler design  31

          gun ports added (two) 31

          magazine rebuilt to new regulations  31

          re-commissioned (9 April 1803)  31

          second survey reveals more work needed than originally planned  31

          stern davits removed  31

          upper- and quarterdeck levels rebuilt with closed stern  31

     spends 658 days (1814–1816) in dry dock in Portsmouth Dockyard  50

     Samuel Sutton, new commander at re-commissioning (9 April 1803)  31

Victualling Agent, Portsmouth

     office in St Mary’s Street  35

     residence in St Thomas Street  35

     salary increases (1796 and 1800)  40, 45n

     supplies stores to Nelson’s fleet off Cadiz (1805)  41

     supplies stores to Torbay and Plymouth (1799)  41

Victualling Board

     bake house (1740) in King Street  35, 43

     biscuit, contracts for  43

     brewhouses (1758 and 1782)

          at Weevil  36

          horses for raising water  45n

          production figures  43–44

          pumphouse and reservoir at Weevil  36

     facilities in Portsmouth and Gosport  35

          offered space by the Ordnance Board at Gun Wharf in exchange for building a new store  37

     land at Weevil transferred from Ordnance Board (1828)  37

Victualling Office in Portsmouth and Gosport

     Samuel Bentham’s technological developments not possible  37

     Clerk of the Cheque

          office in St Mary’s Street  35

          salary increase (1800)  45

     cooperage, Weevil (1766)  36

     Grand Storehouse bought from Ordnance Board  37

     local impact 1793–1815  35, 42, 43

     Master Brewer

          residence at Weevil  36

          responsible for horses for the brewhouse  45n

     Master Cooper

          disputes with Lieutenant Benamor  40

          residence at Weevil  36

     New Gun Wharf at Portsmouth (from 1811)  37

     numbers employed  35, 40, 42–43

     predictions of demand at Portsmouth and Plymouth  40, 41

     pumphouse and reservoir for brewhouses at Weevil  36

     Royal Clarence Yard  37

     San Ildefonso used as a storeship at Spithead  36

     seasonal demand for victualling  40

     single system with Deptford and Plymouth  37, 43

     Square Tower  36

     storehouses (1740 and 1782)  36

     Storekeeper

          office in St Mary’s Street  35

          salary increase (1800)  45n

     supplies military transports  40

     theft and pilfering from  37, 39

     tidal mill (1746)  36, 43

     Victualling Wharf  36, 37

     Weevil site  35, 36, 37

Vivian, John  84

Voorland (Dutch East India Company ship): stays in dock in Portsmouth for repair for 65 days  102

W

Wales, Prince of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard (1803)  93

Wales, Princess of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard (1805)  93

Walker, W.: surgeon at Portsmouth Dockyard  104

Walpole, Horace  101

Walton, John: headmaster of the Naval Academy  98

Ware, Martin  98

Watt, James

     and mechanisation  81

     proposes Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  16

     works with Matthew Boulton and Josiah Wedgwood  65

Wedgwood, Josiah

     and mechanisation  81

     works with Matthew Boulton and James Watt  65

Weevil

     brewhouses at (1758 and 1762)  36

     Cooperage (1766)  36

     Master Brewer’s residence  36

     Master Cooper’s residence  36

     Ordnance Board land transferred to the Victualling Board  (1828)  37

     pumphouse and reservoir at  36

     Royal Clarence Yard, new victualling facilities (1828)  37

Wells, John, FRS: at presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  11

Wellstead, John, foreman of sailmakers  105

West Indies: military expedition to (November 1795) with 18,740 troops in 200 transports  40

Whidbey (or Whidby), Joseph

     Master Attendant of Woolwich Dockyard  79

     Plymouth breakwater constructor, Admiralty policy-maker  17

Whitmore, William, engineer  76

     career  84n

Wilkin, F. S., ‘The contribution of Portsmouth Royal Dockyard to the success of the Royal Navy in the Napoleonic War 1793–1815’  47–58

Wilkins, Robert  95

Wilkinson, Tate  98

Williams, Thomas, MP  76, 78

     career  84

Winchester College  97

Windsor, Dean and Chapter of  97

Wolfe, James  94

Wollaston, William, Principal Secretary of the Royal Society

     letter in favour of Robert Seppings’ principles (27 December 1811)  13

     at presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  11

Wood Mill erected in Chatham Dockyard (1813)  25

Wood Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard, see Portsmouth Royal Dockyard

Woolwich Royal Dockyard

     horse mortar mills  67

     Master Attendants

          Joseph Whidby (or Whidbey)  79

     Master Boat Builders

          Edward Hunt  105

          Master Shipwrights

     Martin Ware  98

     ropery, Samuel Bentham proposes fire-proof construction for  27

     steamships, Oliver Lang builds at for the Royal Navy 17

workforce in Portsmouth Dockyard: see Portsmouth Royal Dockyard

Y

Yorke, Sir Charles, First Lord of the Admiralty (1810–1812)

     at the reading of Robert Seppings’ paper on 10 March 1814  15

     involvement in Robert Seppings’ system  10, 16, 17

     visits HMS Tremendous (74) at Chatham (1810)  11

Yorke, Admiral Sir Joseph

     at the reading of Robert Seppings’ paper on 10 March 1814  15

     visits HMS Tremendous (74) at Chatham (1810)  11

Young, Dr Thomas, Foreign Secretary of the Royal Society

     analysis of Robert Seppings’ principles, pure science vs practical experience  13

     appointed to the Board of Longitude (1818)  13–14

     at presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  11

     proposes Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  16

Young, Admiral William  76