Naval Dockyards Society

Exploring the civil branches of navies & their material culture

Index to Volume No.1

Admiralty, relationship with Navy Board

Transactions of the Naval Dockyards Society,
volume 1: Portsmouth Dockyard in the Age of Nelson

Index

References to illustrations
are in italics.

A

Abbot, Charles  69

Abraham, Israel  104

Addington, Henry, Prime
Minister

appoints
Earl St Vincent First Lord of the Admiralty  59

resigns 
60

Admiraal De Suffren
(Dutch East India Company ship)  102, 103

Admiralty

Committee
to advise on discoveries and inventions (1829)  18

Earl
St Vincent, First Lord, see St Vincent, Admiral Sir John Jervis, Earl

relationship
with Navy Board  9

Sir
Charles Yorke, First Lord, see Yorke, Sir Charles

Admiralty Inspector General
of Naval Works, see Inspector General of Naval Works

Admiralty Progress Books,
hold near complete records of ships entering Portsmouth Dockyard  50

Albion Flour Mills, London  65

Allcott, John: Storekeeper
at Portsmouth Dockyard  104

Allen, William, of the Royal
Institution: and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ system (19 November 1811) 
12

Amazon
(38), HMS (1799): sheathed with recycled copper from the Metal Mills  74–75

anchors: mixed metal more
economic than iron  25

Ansbach,
Margravine of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard  93

Apollo
(36), HMS (1799): sailors paid off cause problems in Portsmouth (April 1802)  99

Arethusa
(38), HMS (1781): sailors paid off cause problems in Portsmouth (April 1802)  99

Arnaud, Elias  104

Arundel: Thomas Fitzherbert
as MP (1780)  95

Avery, Philip: contractor
for painter’s work, Portsmouth Dockyard  96

B

bake house, Victualling
Board

built
(1740) in King Street, Portsmouth  35

contains
only six ovens  35

fire
hazard  36

production
of biscuit  43

Baker, William  104

Banks, Sir Joseph, President
of the Royal Society

and
Congo River exploration  17

death
(1820)  12, 18

and
George III  12

interests,
achievements and involvement in naval enquiries  12

at
presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  11

and
Royal Society  15

Barfleur
(90), HMS (1768): spends 323 days in dry dock (1792–1793) in Portsmouth  50

Barham, Charles Middleton,
Lord, First Lord of the Admiralty

Commission
for Revising and Digesting the Civil Affairs of His Majesty’s Navy (Commission
of Revision)  59, 75

Commission
of Naval Enquiry  75

replaced
at Admiralty (1806)  74

Barlow, Admiral Robert

Commissioner
of Chatham Dockyard  17

Naval
Fellow of the Royal Society  17

Barrallier, Jean Louis,
Second Assistant to the Surveyors: reports on Robert Seppings’ submission  11

Barrow, John, FRS

appointed
to the Council of the Royal Society (1814)  15

involvement
in Robert Seppings’ system  10, 12, 15–18

Second
Secretary to the Admiralty (1804–1806 and 1807–1845)  10

Beach, Samuel, superintendent
in the Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard

pay 
71

progress
on constructing two furnaces  68

Beaufort, Captain Francis: elected
to the Royal Society (1814)  16

Bedford, John, quarterman  105

Belle (or Balle), Captain
Andreas  101

Belvidere (East
India Company ship): launched at Itchenor (April 1787)  93

Benamor, Lieutenant Fell:
superintends hoys at Portsmouth (1808–1809)  40

Beneficial Society’s Hall,
Portsmouth  104

Bentham, Jeremy, brother of
Samuel, writer on jurisprudence  21

Bentham, Samuel: Admiralty
Inspector General of Naval Works (1796–1807)

ascertaining
the strength of different metals begun by (1798)  25

bars
uneconomic customs used in private yards  24

block-manufacturing
machines  62

Block
Mills for Portsmouth Dockyard  63

circular
fixed saw  86

colonel
in the service of Catherine the Great of Russia (from 1780)  21

covered
docks and slips

at
Karlscrona, Sweden (1807)  26

Portsmouth
Dockyard  26

demonstrates
the use of steam engines at Westminster  23–24

deputy
(Simon Goodrich, 1805–1807)  65

develops
philosophical principles for the management of industrial organisations  22

directs
actual works and production lines  22

fire-proof
buildings in the dockyards  27

given
the management of the Wood Mills, Metal Mills, and Millwrights at Portsmouth
Dockyard by the Navy Board  24

inspects
all dockyards (1795)  59

introduces
cofferdams at Portsmouth Dockyard together with strengthening embankments and
quays  27

machine
tools at Portsmouth Dockyard  24

mill
for making roman cement established at Sheerness Dockyard  28

moves
to Navy Board (August 1808)  79

office
at the Navy Board abolished (1812)  79

panopticon
prison project (1794)  27

papers
by him, see ‘statements of services’ papers

plans
for Chatham’s number one slipway, see covered dock and slips

position
equivalent to today’s Integrated Project Team Manager  51

proposes
fitting and storing vessels within the dockyard  26

pumps
in Portsmouth Dockyard use steam engine  23

and
resistance to the introduction of new technology  22

Russian
shipbuilding project (1805–1807)  79

sawmill
at Portsmouth Dockyard  24

shipbuilding
at Redbridge, Hampshire  23

steam-driven
woodworking machinery  23–24, 45n

steam
engine at Redbridge, Hampshire  23

submits
plans to reorganize Portsmouth Dockyard (1795)  59

technologies
pioneered by him in the dockyards impossible to implement due to lack of
coherent development  37

title
or rank of general  21

trains
as shipwright  60

Victualling
facilities at Portsmouth Dockyard

inadequacies
of  35

new
store for (1800–1801)  37

Wood
Mill at Chatham Dockyard (1813)  25

Berri,
Duke of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard  93

block contractors, Plymouth
Dockyard

Dunsterville,
Bartholomew  62

Dunsterville,
William  60

Block Mills, Portsmouth: see
Portsmouth Royal Dockyard: Block Mills

blockade of the French fleet
at Brest, using Torbay as anchorage (from 1798)  41

blocks, wood

inserting
metal bushes  61

lignum
vitae for  61, 66, 90

machine
tools, Brunel not responsible for introduction  85

manufacture
of  55–58, 61, 85–92

mortising
machine for the shell of pulley blocks, Brunel’s only fully automatic machine  87–89

new
table of dimensions  61

supply
of, to the Royal Navy  56, 60–61

Board of Commissioners for
Revising the Civil Affairs of the Navy, see Commission of Revision

Board of Longitude  13–14

Bombay: East India Company’s
yard builds HMS Malabar (74)  16

Bombay Castle (East
India Company ship): lent to the Royal Navy as a transport (1780)  101

Boulton, Arthur, shipwright 
105

Boulton, Matthew: works with
James Watt and Josiah Wedgwood  65

Boulton and Watt steam engines

installed
in HMS Congo  17

at
Portsmouth Dockyard  80

used
for the first generation of Royal Navy steamships  17

Bowes-Smith, Arthur  101

Boyle, Captain the Hon.
Courtenay

elected
to the Royal Society (1814)  16

Naval
Fellow of the Royal Society  17

Bramah, Joseph  86

Breadhower, John: Portsmouth
bookseller  103

Brest, blockade of the
French fleet at, using Torbay as anchorage (from 1798)  41

Brilliant (East
India Company ship): repaired at Portsmouth Dockyard (1782)  101

Brixham reservoir  67

Brunel, Marc Isambard

automatic
mortising machine for the shell of pulley blocks  87–89

boring
machine  86–87

Chief
Engineer, New York  62

circular
saw for cutting logs for shells and sheaves for pulley blocks  66, 86,
90

coaking
machine  91–92

corner
saw  89

helps
to train the workmen at the Block Mills, Portsmouth Dockyard  22

introduces
the principle of the crank to mortising machines  88

leading
light for Maudslay, Bentham and Goodrich  85

machines
produced by him are mainly semi-automatic  85

marries
Sophia Kingdom, daughter of William Kingdom  62

milling
machinery  22

offers
his patented machine drawings to the Taylors and to Samuel Bentham  62

proposer
for John Knowles’s election to the Royal Society (1822)  17

at
the reading of Robert Seppings’ paper (10 March 1814)  15

rounding
saw  91

bucket dredger driven by
steam engine

completed
in Portsmouth Dockyard (1802)  28

designed
by Bentham, first of its kind  28

dredging
depth reaches 26ft below low water (1812)  28

second
dredger built to work in the Thames  28

Bucknell, Thomas: Builder
Assistant at Portsmouth Dockyard  104

Budgen or Budger, John:
scavelman and landlord  104

Bunce, Samuel

designs
Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard with Edward Holl  64

works
in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  21

Burnett, Sir William (FRS),
Director of Medical Services  18

Burr, James

career 
83n

works
in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  21

Byam Martin, Admiral Sir
Thomas: see Martin, Admiral Sir Thomas Byam

C

Calcutta (East
India Company ship)  101

Camber: East India Company
acquires storage and repair facilities (by 1760)  100

Carnatic (East
India Company ship): lent to the Royal Navy as a transport (1780)  101

Catherine the Great: and
Samuel Bentham  21

coaks, manufacture of  57,
78

Coats, Ann, ‘The Block Mills:
new labour practices for new machines?’  59–84

Chatham
Royal Dockyard

Bentham’s
plans for number one slipway (1811–1812)  26

Commissioners

Admiral
Robert Barlow  17

fire-extinguishing
works  25

Howe
(120), HMS (1815), built using Robert Seppings’ diagonal system  14

Kent
(74) HMS (1798), rebuilt to Robert Seppings’ principles  9

Master
Shipwrights

Samuel
Bentham, see Bentham, Samuel

William
Gray  60

Robert
Seppings, see Seppings, Robert

Peake,
Sir Henry, first assistant master shipwright  60

Peake,
John, trains there  63

ropery

lead
yard  53

production 
53

Wood
Mill erected (1813)  25

chips (dockyard privilege)  59,
69, 81, 99

Christ Church, Oxford  97

Christian, Admiral Sir Hugh 
40, 42

Civil Architect and Engineer
of the Navy

new
name for Inspector General of Naval Works (1807)  21

post
abolished (1812)  21

Clerk, Sir George (FRS):
Admiralty policy-maker  17

Cockburn, Admiral Sir George
(FRS)

Admiralty
policy-maker  17

praises
the partial application of Robert Seppings’ system to HMS Northumberland
(74)  16

coffer dam at Portsmouth
Dockyard, introduced by Samuel Bentham  27

Coffin, Rear Admiral Sir
Isaac

career 
84

enquires
about the cost of re-manufacturing copper  76

visits
the Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard with Nelson  82

Colchester
(50), HMS (1746): convoys Indiamen (1757)  100

Collins, Mr, of the
Victualling Office, Portsmouth  93

Colossus
(74), HMS (1803): sheathed with recycled copper from the Metal Mills  75

Colquhoun, Patrick,
‘Treatise on the Police of the Metropolis’  69

Commission of Naval Enquiry 
60, 74

Commission of Revision (Commission
for Revising and Digesting the Civil Affairs of His Majesty’s Navy)  59, 65,
74, 75

Commission on Fees  43, 59

Committee on the Copper
Trade  76

cone clutch  88

Congo
(12), HMS (1816), paddle-wheeler

Boulton
and Watt steam engine  17

designed
by Robert Seppings, for exploration of the Congo River  17

Congo River, exploration of 
17

Conqueror
(74), HMS (1801)

fitting
out, inventory of tasks completed in Plymouth by Joseph Tucker  33

present
at Trafalgar  32

wages
expended on repair (£303 3s 9d)  32

Controllers of the Navy: see
Martin, Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Byam; Thompson, Captain Sir Thomas Boulden

Copley Gold Medal of the Royal
Society: awarded to Robert Seppings (1818)  16

copper

Colossus
(74), HMS (1803), sheathed with recycled copper from Portsmouth Dockyard’s Metal
Mills  75

cost
of re-manufacturing  76, 78

Hibernia
(110), HMS (1804), sheathed with recycled copper from Portsmouth Dockyard’s Metal
Mills  74

Metal
Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard re-process  25, 51, 53

smelting
furnaces at royal dockyards for re-processing  25

copper trade, control of
supply and prices  76–77

Corbin, Ambrose, shipwright 
104

Cort, Henry  72

covered docks and slips

Navy
Board recommends covering docks and slipways extensively  26

Samuel
Bentham views the covered docks in Karlscrona, Sweden (1807)  26

Samuel
Bentham’s plans for Chatham Dockyard’s number one slipway (1811/1812)  26

Cox, William, shipwright  104

Croker, John Wilson, First
Secretary of the Admiralty

agent
for Robert Seppings’ knighthood (1819)  17

member
of the Council of the Royal Society  15

proposes
Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  16

Cruttenden (East
India Company ship): repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (April 1770)  100

Cuddemore, William, victualler
and pub landlord  104

D

da Vinci, Leonardo  88, 90,
92

Damerum, Thomas, shipwright 
104

Danish Asiatic Company, uses
Portsmouth Dockyard for repairs

Johanna
and
Maria
(May 1787)  101

Providentia (1785) 
101

Darch, Thomas

career 
84n

First
Clerk at the Admiralty Naval Works Department  74

Davis, Joseph, Clerk of the Cheque
at Portsmouth Dockyard  104

Davy, Humphrey

electricity
based protection systems for copper sheathing a failure  18

President
of the Royal Society  18

Denston, Stokeham  105

Diaper, John  104

Diddams, Nicholas, Master
Shipwright at Portsmouth Dockyard: builds Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard
with Sir Henry Peake  64

Deptford
Royal Dockyard

ballast-heaving
engine, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  67

steam
driven circular saws for cutting staves for casks, proposed by Samuel Bentham
(1807)  45n

Deptford Victualling Office

horse
wheel pump for  67

single
system with Portsmouth and Plymouth  37, 45n

Domett, Admiral Sir William,
Lord of the Admiralty: supporter of Robert Seppings  14

Douty, Obedience, spinster  104

dredgers, steam bucket
ladder, designed by Samuel Bentham  28, 52

Duke of Palma: visits
Portsmouth Dockyard (1800)  93

Dummer, Edward  60

Duncan, Henry: Deputy
Controller  64

Dundas, Henry: and Bentham’s
steam-driven woodworking machinery  24

Dundas, Robert Saunders, see
Melville, Robert Dundas, 2nd Viscount

Dunsterville, Bartholemew,
of Plymouth, block contractors  62

Dunsterville, Thomas: fellow
shipwright apprentice at Chatham with Samuel Bentham  60

Dunsterville, William, of
Plymouth, block contractors  60

Dutch East India Company

agent
(from 1749) George Huish  102

Batavia-bound
ships visiting Portsmouth  (1759–1795)  102

deserters
find refuge in Portsmouth  103

Voorland
stays
in dock in Portsmouth for repair for 65 days  102

E

Eagleton, Edward  103

East India Company

Belvidere
launched at Itchenor (April 1787)  93

Cruttenden
repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (April 1770)  100

Cuvera,
see Malabar

Hartwell
launched at Itchenor (May 1787)  93

Malabar
(56), HMS, built by, to Robert Seppings’ system (1798)  16

Portsmouth
Dockyard handles the bulk of repair work  100

relationship
with the Royal Navy  100

Speaker
repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (March 1772)  100

storage
and repair facilities in the Camber (by 1760)  100–101

Edye, John (FRS): Chief Constructor 
18

Elfi Bey, the ‘Mameluke
Chief’: tours Portsmouth Dockyard (1803)  93

Elliot, William  60

career 
85n

embezzlement from Portsmouth
Dockyard (1774–1780)  98–99

F

fire insurance  104, 105

fitting and storing naval
vessels within the boundary of a dockyard

deepening
and enlarging the basin  26

halving
the length of the existing double dock  26

using
caissons or floating dams to serve as gates  26, 51

using
pumps with moveable steam engines to control the water level in docks  26

Fisher, Henry Jr., baker  104

Fitzherbert, Thomas
(1746–1822), merchant in Portsmouth

becomes
Arundel’s MP with Lord Sandwich’s backing (1780)  95

leases
Stubbington Manor on Portsea Island  95

supplies
horses to Portsmouth Dockyard  95

fleet reviews in Portsmouth (1773
and 1778)  98

food, naval: sailors’
complaints in HMS Namur (90) (January 1758)  99

Frankland, Thomas, Admiralty
policy-maker  17

French navy: blockaded at
Brest, using Torbay as anchorage (from 1798)  41

Frett, Edward  104

G

Ganges (East
India Company ship): lent to the Royal Navy as a transport (1780)  101

Garthshore, William  60

career 
85

George III, King of Great
Britain: intimate of Sir Joseph Banks  12

Gilbert, K. R.: definitive
work on block-making machinery  85

Gooden, John, quarterman  105

Goodrich, Simon, mechanist,
Admiralty and Navy Board employee

attends
Arbitration Court (1810)  65

Bentham’s
deputy (1805–1807)  65

Brunel
is leading light for  85

in
customized research teams with Watt, Wedgwood etc.  65

draughtsman
to Samuel Reke then succeeds him (in 1799)  67

describes
how politics are affecting the future of the Block Mills (1806)  75

early
life and family history  64

engineer
and mechanist to the Navy Board  (1814)  79

makes
plans, estimates and supervises great variety of projects outside the Block
Mills  67

marries
Susanna Lloyd  64

mechanist
to the Navy Board (1799)  65

moves
to Portsmouth (1814)  79

moves
to Portugal (1834)  80

papers
in the Science Museum Library  63

position
at the Navy Board abolished (December 1812)  79

prime
mover in the industrialization of the dockyards (1812–1831)  80

reports
on the merits of Robert Seppings’ repair of the Justitia (1817)  16

runs
the Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  65

services
listed by Samuel Reke (1806)  65

Society
of Arts prizes  65

transferred
to Navy Board (October 1807)  65

wide-ranging
interests  65

works
in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  21

Goodwin, Peter, ‘Preparing
HMS Victory and the ships for Trafalgar’  31–34

Gower, Captain Leveson  100

Graham, Sir James: First
Lord of the Admiralty (1830)  80, 81

Grand Storehouse, Portsmouth:
paid for by the Victualling Board  37

Gray, William, Master
Shipwright at Chatham Dockyard: trains Samuel Bentham  60

Green Row Rooms, Portsmouth 
104

Greenway, John  105

Grenville, Thomas: First
Lord of the Admiralty (1806)  74

Grey, Charles: First Lord of
the Admiralty (1806)  74

Grimshaw, John: Sunderland
ropemaker  75, 78

Gun Wharf, Portsmouth  37

H

Hall, Basil: Admiralty
policy-maker  17

Hall, Edward  96

Hamilton, Major-General  62

Hamond, Captain Sir Andrew
Snape  68

Hansen, Paulus  102

Hants, Sussex, and Dorset
Fire Insurance  93, 104

Harding, James  103

Hartwell (East
India Company ship): launched at Itchenor (April 1787)  93

Haslar Hospital: Simon Goodrich
suggests improvements  67

Hat in Hand pub, Portsmouth 
104

Hawke (East
India Company ship)  100

Hay, Robert, Private
Secretary to Lord Melville, Admiralty policy-maker  17

Haydn, Franz Joseph: turned
away from visiting Portsmouth Dockyard (1794)  93–94

Henslow, Sir John: Surveyor
of the Navy (1784–1806)  63, 64

Hewitt, James  99

Hibernia
(110), HMS (1804),recycled copper analysed (1806)  74

Hills, Thomas: Master
Sailmaker  96

Holl, Edward, Architect and Engineer

delineates
responsibilities with Samuel Goodrich  68

designs
Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard with Samuel Bunce  64

Holmes, Thomas, coal
merchant  104

Hood, Samuel, Commissioner
of Portsmouth Dockyard  98

Horsborough, Captain James
(EIC): hydrographer  17

horses

cement
mill at Portsmouth Dockyard  28

Deptford
Victualling Office  67

mortar
mill at Woolwich Dockyard  67

raise
water at the Portsmouth brewhouses  45n

supplied
to Portsmouth Dockyard by Thomas Fitzherbert  95

Howe, Admiral Lord  93, 99

Howe
(120), HMS (1815)

built
at Chatham Dockyard using Robert Seppings’ diagonal system (1815)  14

comparison
with HMS St Vincent and HMS Nelson  15, 16

Howick, Lord see
Grey, Lord

Huddart, Joseph (EIC): and
the presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  11

Huish, George

consul
of the Dutch government  102

Dutch
East India Company agent (from 1749)  102

Honourable
East India Company agent  100

town
clerk and coroner in Portsmouth  98, 102

Hunt, Edward, Surveyor of
the Navy  105

Hunt, Thomas  104

 

I

Inion, William, scavelman
and landlord  104, 105

Inspector General of Naval
Works see Office of Naval Works

J

James, William, historian:
uses John Knowles’ pamphlet to complete his discussion of Robert Seppings’
system  17

Jellico, Adam  72

Jervis, Admiral Sir John see
St Vincent, Earl

Johanna and Maria
(Danish Asiatic Company ship): repaired at Portsmouth Dockyard (May 1787)  101

Johnstone Hope, Sir William,
First Sea Lord  17

Justitia,
ex-Danish battleship: badly distorted and used for a demonstration by Robert
Seppings (1817)  16

K

Karlscrona, Sweden: Bentham
views the covered docks (1807)  26

Kent, Henry  101

Kent (74),
HMS (1798)

deterioration
of her hull in two years (1803–1805)  9

rebuilt
in Chatham Dockyard to Robert Seppings’ principles, to remain in service for
another eighty years  9

sent
home by Nelson accompanied by a transport  9

Kerr, David Ramsay, surgeon
at Portsmouth Dockyard  105

Khan, Mirza Abul Hassan:
tours new Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard (1810)  93

Kingdom, John: chief clerk
in the secretary’s office at the Navy Office  62

Kingdom, Sophia: marries
Brunel  62

Kingdom, William: Plymouth
Dockyard contractor  62

knees: iron substituted for
wooden  9

Knowles, John, Chief Clerk
of the Surveyors’ Office

elected
Fellow of the Royal Society (1822)  17

pamphlet
The Elements and Practice of Naval Architecture (1822)  17

Kraai
(Dutch East India Company packetboat)  102

L

Lady Penrhyn  101

Lambert, Andrew, ‘Science
and seapower: The Navy Board, the Royal Society and the structural reforms of Sir
Robert Seppings’  9–19

Lang, Oliver, pupil of Robert
Seppings, shipbuilder: builds Royal Navy steamships at Woolwich  17

Legg’s Demi-Bastion,
Portsmouth  37

Levant Company  97

Lindegren, Andrew  98, 104

Linzee, Edward, apothecary
in Portsmouth

assembles
substantial property portfolio  98

declines
knighthood (1778)  98

eight
times mayor  98

Lock, John, Master
Shipwright at Portsmouth Dockyard  104

Lloyd, John, millwright  64,
71

Lloyd, Sarah: marries Simon
Goodrich  64

Lloyd & Ostell  65

Luffman, Mr, shipwright  104

M

Malabar
(74), HMS: first ship built to Robert Seppings’ system  16

Markham, Captain John  60

career 
82n

Marsden, John  75

career 
84n

Marsden, William

Admiralty
policy-maker  17

career 
83n

on
the Commission of Naval Enquiry  76

enquires
about the cost of re-manufacturing copper  76

and
William Taylor’s blockmaking contract  62

Martell, Peter, shipwright  105

Martin, Rear Admiral Sir
Thomas Byam

Controller
of the Navy Board (1814)  15, 16, 18

recommends
Robert Seppings for major financial reward  17

Maudslay, Henry

and
Marc Isambard Brunel  62, 85

mechanist
vs engineer  65, 79

Thames
Tunnel  65

Melville, Robert Dundas, 2nd
Viscount

favours
building a new dockyard at Northfleet  14

First
Lord of the Admiralty  14

visits
the Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard (1807)  76–77

Meredith, John, Second Clerk
of the Cheque at the Victualling Yard, Portsmouth: salary  39–40

Merritt, William, shipwright 
104, 105

Metal Mills at Portsmouth
Dockyard: see Portsmouth Royal Dockyard

Middleton, Charles, see
Barham, Charles Middleton, Lord

military expeditions

Portsmouth
as assembly point  40

West
Indies (November 1795) with 18,740 troops in 200 transports  40

mill for making roman
cement, established by Samuel Bentham at Sheerness Dockyard  28

Monaco, Prince of: tours
Portsmouth Dockyard (1768)  93

Montagu, Admiral Sir George 
42

Morriss, Roger, ‘The office
of the Inspector General of Naval Works and technological innovation in the
Royal Dockyards’  21–29

mortising machine for the
shell of pulley blocks, Brunel’s only fully automatic machine  87–89

Motley, J. C., insurance
agent  104

Murdoch, William  88

mutiny, Portsmouth (1783)  99–100

Murray, James  99

N

Namur,
HMS: sailors’ complaints of poor food (January 1758)  99

Naval Academy, Portsmouth

William
Bayly, Headmaster  96

pupils
get drunk in town  99

John
Walton, Headmaster  98

Navy Board

abolished
(1832)  18, 80

Lord
Barham’s administrative reorganisation  59

Samuel
Bentham moves to (August 1808)  79

Controller
of  15

independence
regarding technical policy  14

Inspector
General of Naval Works transferred to (1807)  21

merchant
yards not used for shipbuilding after 1815  17

opposes
the use of steam engines for fear of deranging established practices  23

recommends
covering docks and slipways extensively  26

relationship
with Admiralty  9

resistance
to change  11

see
also

Surveyors of the Navy

Navy Surveyor, see
Surveyors of the Navy

Nelson (120),
HMS: comparison with HMS Howe  15, 16

Nelson, Horatio

desires
a station in the East India Company’s service  100

on
Lisbon  105

sends
HMS Kent home due to structural problems  9

visits
Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  82

Nepean, Evan, Secretary to
the Admiralty: resigns because of St Vincent’s Commission for Naval Enquiry  60

New Fire Office Insurance  104

non-recoil gun carriages,
Simon Goodrich’s contrivances for  67

Northfleet, site of proposed
new dockyard  14

Lord
Melville favours  14

Robert
Seppings a candidate to build  14

Northumberland
(74), HMS (1798), partial application of Robert Seppings’ system  16

O

Office of Naval Works

established
at the Admiralty (1796)  21, 59

Inspector
General: post held by Samuel Bentham (1796–1807)  21

renamed
Civil Architect and Engineer of the Navy (1807)  21

James
Sadler works in the department (1800)  21

transferred
to the Navy Board (1807)  21

Ollis family, in the Metal
Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  72

Orange, Prince and Princess
of: visit Portsmouth Dockyard (1800)  93

Ordnance Board

Grand
Storehouse paid for by the Victualling Board  37

Legg’s
Demi-Bastion at Portsmouth  37

New
Gun Wharf at Portsmouth (from 1799)  37

transfers
land at Weevil to Victualling Board (1828)  37

transfers
land in Portsmouth for a new Victualling store (1800–1801)  37

P

Palma, Duke of: tours
Portsmouth Dockyard (1768)  93

Parys Mine Company  76

paying off  99

Peace of Amiens (1802)

influence
on operational availability of line-of-battle ships vs frigates and below  48

welcomed
by Portsmouth Dockyard for consolidation  49

Peake, Sir Henry

builds
Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard with Nicholas Diddams  64

first
assistant master shipwright at Chatham  60

opposition
to Robert Seppings’ principles  13, 17

Surveyor
of the Navy (1806–1822)  13, 14, 60, 78

Peake, James: works in the
Inspector General’s department (1800)  21

Peake, John, Navy Board
Surveyor (1806–1822)

extra
assistant Civil Engineer and Architect  60

fellow
shipwright apprentice at Chatham with Bentham  60

suggests
metal standing rigging  25

Pelican Life Company  104

Philosophical Transactions
(1814)  15

Phoenix Insurance  104

Pickard, James  88

Pickle,
HMS (1799), armed schooner

present
at Trafalgar  32

repairs
completed in Plymouth by Joseph Tucker before Trafalgar 34

wages
expended on repair £139 5s 4d  32

Pitt, Thomas: Clerk of the
Cheque at the Victualling Yard, Portsmouth

salary 
39–40

Plymouth
Royal Dockyard

Conqueror
(74), HMS (1801), inventory of tasks completed on  34

fire-proof
buildings to Bentham’s plans  27

Joiners’
and Carpenters’ Shop, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  67

Pickle,
HMS (1799), inventory of tasks completed on  34

reservoir,
Simon Goodrich’s plans for  67

rope
production  53

Tucker,
Joseph, master shipwright

brother
of Benjamin  59

dockyard
papers and work refitting ships present at Trafalgar  31–34

gives
details of what work is done when ships go into Ordinary  32

Victualling
Yard

officers
petition for equal pay with Portsmouth (1803)  41

predictions
of demand (1794–1815)  41

single
system with Deptford and Portsmouth  37

Pococke, Dr Richard  94

Poole, Jeffrey, MP  60

Portsea Concert Room, St
George’s Square  104

Portsea Island  95

Portsmouth

bake
house (Victualling Board’s) in

built
in 1740  35

contains
only six ovens  35

fire
hazard  35

bankruptcies
in  96

bookshops

great
variety of books available  103–104

senior
dockyard workers good customers  103, 104

Camber 
100–101

coroner 
102

description
(1748)  95

fire
insurance agents (1783–1805)  104

fleet
reviews (1773 and 1778)  98

medicine
and drug warehouse  103

military
control of, eighteenth century

curfew
guns  98

military
posts  98

opening
and shutting town gates  98

Naval
Academy: pupils get drunk in town  99

population
(1725–1811)  94

Portsea:
street names introduced  104

prisoners
of war  95

sailors
cause problems in

complaining
about poor food on HMS Namur (January 1758 )  99

demolishing
a public house (March 1758 and February 1766)  99

paid
off from HMS Apollo and HMS Arethusa  (April 1802)  99

St
George’s Church: built by dockyard workers (1753)  97

storehouses
for dry provisions

large
building added (1782)  36

originally
one storehouse (1740)  36

street
names introduced to Portsea  104

Suckling,
Maurice (1726–1778), Naval Comptroller, returns as MP  97

town
clerk  102

town
life effectively controlled by

garrison
governor  98

mayor 
98

resident
dockyard commissioner  98

Portsmouth
Royal Dockyard

Admiralty
Progress Books, hold near complete records of ships entering  50

Admiralty
Visitation (1802)  62–63

Bentham’s
plans to reorganise  26, 59

Block
Mills

Samuel
Beach, superintendent  68, 71

building
designed by Samuel Bunce and Edward Holl  64

built
by Portsmouth Dockyard’s craftsmen under Henry Peake and Nicholas Diddams  64

Commission
of Naval Enquiry (1802)  59

conceived
by Bentham  63

construction
of (1802)  62

furnaces
constructed  68

include
Wood Mills, Metal Mills, and Millwrights’ shop  63

machines
designed by Marc Isambard Brunel  60

Mirza
Abul Hassan Khan, Persian Shah’s representative, tours (1810)  93

productivity
of output  55, 78

run
by Simon Goodrich  65

savings
to the public  22, 78, 79

state
at 3 October 1805  74

supply
all the navy’s blocks by 1807  55, 78

swing
arm circular saw  66

workforce

efficiency
of  55, 58

pay
and conditions for  69–74

recruited
from outside the Dockyard  64

blocks,
wood

automatic
mortising machine for (Brunel’s)  87–89

circular
saw for (Brunel’s)  86, 90

coaks
for  78, 92

manufacture
of  55–8

metal
bushes  61

smaller
vs larger  60

supply
of, to the Royal Navy  56, 78

Boat
Pond converted to a basin by Samuel Bentham  26

boiler
house (1830)  80

bucket
ladder dredger driven by steam engine, designed by Samuel Bentham (1802)  28

Camber
Docks

capable
of docking two large frigates or three sloops  26, 52

converted
from North Camber or channel by Bentham  26, 52

divided
by a caisson  26

steam
engines for  26, 67

circular
sawing machines, Samuel Goodrich’s drawings for  67

Clerks
of the Cheque

Joseph
Davis  104

Thomas
Snell  105

coal
yard, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  67

coffer
dam, introduced by Bentham  27

contribution
to the fleet’s success during the Napoleonic Wars  58

covered
docks and slips introduced by Samuel Bentham  26

Cruttenden (East
India Company ship): repaired (April 1770)  100

curfew
gun  98

Danish
Asiatic Company, uses Portsmouth Dockyard for repairs

Johanna
and
Maria
(May 1787)  101

Providentia
(1785)  101

docking
days (1793–1815)  50, see also ton dock days

dry
docks

Barfleur (90),
HMS (1768), spends 323 days in  50

double
dock replaced by docks numbers two and three  26, 51

enlargement
of non-tidal basin  52

introduction
of caissons  52

ships
spent there used as a measure of dockyard output  50

steam
engine for  67

Voorland
(Dutch East India Company ship), stays in dock for repair for 65 days  102

Duke
of Palma visits (1786)  93

Dutch
East India Company

agent
(from 1749) George Huish  102

deserters
find refuge  103

outward-bound
Indiamen call regularly  101

vessel
size and types range from 1300 ton Admiral De Suffren to 136 ton
packetboat Kraai  102

Voorland
stays
in dock for repair for 65 days  102

efficiency
increase during the Napoleonic Wars  58

Elfi
Bay, the Mameluke Chief, tours (1803)  93

embezzlement
(1774–1780)  98–99

fire
extinguishing system, introduced by Bentham  24

fire-proof
buildings to Bentham’s plans  27

fires
in

1767 
101

1770 
61, 101

Franz
Joseph Haydn: turned away from visiting (1794)  93

horses

drive
the cement mill  28

supplied
by Thomas Fitzherbert  95

machine
tools driven by steam  24, 63

Mast
Pond: Samuel Bentham’s plans for improvement  63

Master
Boat Builders

Edward
Hunt  105

Master
House Carpenters

Nicholas
Vass  97

Master
Millwrights

Mr
Linacre  72

Master
Sailmakers

Thomas
Hills  96

Master
Shipwrights (aka Builders)

Nicholas
Diddams  64, 78

John
Lock  104

Sir
Henry Peake  60, 64

Mr
Waugh  106

Metal
Mills, introduced by Bentham (1803)

copper
melter, pay of  71–72

furnacemen 
72, 74

improve
quality of metal and remove reliance on copper merchants  25, 68

iron
knees replace wooden knees  53

major
supplier of copper for the Royal Navy  25, 53, 58

make
metal parts for blocks  63

manufacture
cast iron, mixed metals and copper sheathing  25

plans
of  52

re-process
copper  25, 60, 68

run
by John Lloyd  64

savings
to the public  25, 78, 79

smelt,
cast and roll metal  25

use
commercially established and proven developments  51

use
spare steam capacity from pumping docks  60

workforce
pay and conditions  70–72, 74

mill
for making cement

built
by Simon Goodrich  65

horse-powered 
28

introduced
by Samuel Bentham  28

Millwrights’
department

help
to fit and improve articles used on board ships  24

introduced
by Samuel Bentham  24, 53

make
machine tools for other dockyards  24

maintain
the whole water system including the fire extinguishing systems  24

mud
barges, to accompany the steam dredgers  28

North
Basin

capable
of docking seven or eight frigates  26, 52

converted
from North Boat Pond and channel  26, 52

most
cost-effective improvement in the Royal Dockyards  52

steam
engines for  26

Peace
of Amiens welcomed for consolidation  49

performance
increase during Napoleonic Wars  51

Prince
and Princess of Wales visit (1803 and 1805)  93

Pump
House

12HP
steam engine erected by Simon Goodrich  65

reciprocating
saw mill, Simon Goodrich’s drawings for  67

reservoir,
improved by Samuel Bentham  27, 60

Ropery
and Sail Cloth Manufactory (1804)  25, 53

Master
Ropemaker sidelined  53

steam
power a fire risk  53

sailings
from, by ship type  49

sawmill

introduced
by Samuel Bentham  24

pumping
and sawing apparatus  73

seasoning
timber

Samuel
Bentham’s experiments  26–27

sheds
established by Lord Sandwich  26

workshop
built over the reservoir  27

Sheffield,
W. E.: Master of the Mills  25

smiths 
53, 67

steam
dredger, designed by Samuel Bentham  28, 52

steam
engines at

12HP
machine  67

30HP
machine  67

50HP
machine  67

ballast-heaving
engine  67

to
drive pumps and machinery  23, 67

to
pump fresh or sea water in case of fire  27

Storekeepers

John
Allcott  104

John
Greenway  105

Surgeons

David
Ramsay Kerr  105

survey,
1774  93

ton
dock days per year: increase of 107% (1793–1815)  50, 58

Victualling
Office see Victualling Office

water,
fresh

distributed
by cast-iron piping in two adjacent courses  27, 45n, 67

raised
to an elevated reservoir by steam engine  27, 67

shipped
from Southampton Water (until 1797)  27

Watering
Island, plans for (1801)  37

well
sunk by Bentham  27, 37

wharf
crane, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  67

Wood
Mills, introduced by Samuel Bentham

able
to supply from October 1807 all of the Navy’s need of blocks  78

built
over the reservoir  27

cost
recovered in three years from production savings  58

engine
keepers of  57

foreman
of  57

leading
edge technology  51

lit
by lamps not candles  27, 81

machinery
repairers  57

Master
of  57

model
for mills elsewhere  25

steam
powered  25, 60, 67

supply
the fleet with a ‘lean manned’ and very efficient mill  58

workers
in

apprentices
biggest proportional increase during Napoleonic Wars  54

change
in the distribution of various groups during Napoleonic Wars  54

discharged
for refusing to go Woolwich  96

effect
of war on labour opportunities  95, 96

largest
elements are skilled workers during Napoleonic Wars  54

numbers
of  80, 94, 96

recruitment
of  54

senior
dockyard workers good bookshop customers  103, 104

strikes
(1775 and 1805)  96, 99

suspicious
of proposed changes (1783)  99

tables
of

by
skill levels  54

by
work areas  54

travelling
expenses  96

wood
millers  25

work
Christmas Day 1792  95

Prince Gustavus
Swedish Indiaman  101

Princess Augusta
Swedish Indiaman  101

prisoners of war, held in
the Portsmouth area  95

prize money  99

Progress Books, Admiralty:
hold near complete records of ships entering Portsmouth Dockyard  50

Providentia
(Danish Asiatic Company ship): repaired at Portsmouth Dockyard (1785)  101

pulley blocks

circular
saw for  86, 90

machine
tools, Brunel not responsible for introduction  85

mortising
machine for shells, Brunel’s  87–89

Q

Quarterly Review  15

Queen
(90), HMS: spends 1,151 days (1789–1792) in dry dock in Portsmouth Dockyard  50

R

Redbridge, Hampshire:
Bentham’s steam engine at  23

Reke, Samuel

first
Mechanist in the Office of Naval Works  65

Simon
Goodrich acts as draughtsman to then succeeds him (in 1799)  67

lists
works carried out under Simon Goodrich  65

Rennie, John, engineer

inspects
Portsmouth Dockyard  79

installation
of Boulton and Watt steam engine in HMS Congo  17

and
the presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  12

proposes
Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  16

Riley, Ray, ‘Marc Brunel’s
pulley block-making machinery: operation and assessment’  85–92

Rogers, Heigham  75, 84n

roman cement, mill at
Sheerness established by Samuel Bentham  28

Rood, Mr  104

Ropery and Sail Cloth Manufactory,
established by Samuel Bentham (1804)  25

ropes produced by Portsmouth
Royal Dockyard: did not develop during the wars (1793–1815)  53

Royal African Company  97

Royal Clarence Yard, new
victualling facilities at the Weevil site (1828)  37

Royal Exchange fire
insurance company  104

Royal George
(100), HMS (1788)  80

monument
in Kingston churchyard  105

Royal Navy

borrows
the Ganges (East India Company ship) as a transport (1780)  101

composition
of (1793–1815)  48–49

Humphrey
Davy’s connection with  18

losses
from all causes (1793–1815)  47

steamships
built at Woolwich by Oliver Lang  17

Royal Society  12–18

awards
Copley Gold Medal to Robert Seppings (1818)  16

in
Somerset House  12

Rule, Sir William, Navy
Board Surveyor (1793–1813)  63, 64

S

Sadler, James, works in the
Inspector General’s department (1800)  21

St Ann’s Church, Portsmouth 
97

St George’s Church,
Portsmouth: built by dockyard workers (1753)  97

St Thomas’s Church,
Portsmouth  97

St Vincent, Admiral Sir John
Jervis, Earl

appointed
First Lord of the Admiralty (1801)  59

appoints
Robert Seppings as Master Shipwright at Chatham (1804)  10

and
the civil branch of the Navy  59–60, 61

close
blockade of Brest (1799)  9

and
Commission of Naval Enquiry  74

leaves
Admiralty (15 May 1803)  60

San Ildefonso,
Spanish two-decker captured at Trafalgar: used as depot for stores at Spithead 
36

Sandwich, Lord

backs
Thomas Fitzherbert as Arundel’s MP (1780)  95

visits
Portsmouth Dockyard (1775) 99

Saxton, Charles  68, 70

Schäffhausen Bridge, inspiration
to Robert Seppings  16

scavelmen

Portsmouth
landlords  104

proposed
as second engine keepers at the Wood Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard  70

Scheldt, blockade of (1803–1805) 
9

Schonderloo
(Dutch East India Company ship)  102, 102–103

Scorpion
sloop  100

Segeswick, Thomas  104

Seppings, Sir Robert

appointed
Master Shipwright at Chatham (1804)  10

appointed
Third Surveyor of the Navy (14 June 1813)  14

awarded
Copley Gold Medal of the Royal Society (1818)  16

candidate
for the proposed dockyard at Northfleet  14

critical
reference to the Navy Board  14

criticism
of merchant shipbuilding practice  17

designs
first generation of Royal Navy steam vessels  17

designs
HMS Congo for exploration of the river  17

dismissal
(1832)  18

Sir
William Domett a supporter  14

elected
to Fellowship of the Royal Society (11 November 1814)  16

explanation
of his system  10

Simon
Goodrich reports on his system  16

knighthood 
17

Sir Henry
Peake opposes his system  13, 17

produces
developments in naval architecture (1800–1820)  10

recommended
for major financial reward  17

Royal
Society papers

‘On
a new principle of constructing His Majesty’s ships of war’ (10 March 1814)  15

‘On
a New Principle of Constructing Ships in the Mercantile Navy’ (2 and 9 March 1820) 
17

‘On
the great strength given to Ships of War by the application of Diagonal braces’
(27 November 1817)  16

system
of diagonal riders  10, 16: see also Howe, HMS; Justitia; Malabar,
HMS; Northumberland, HMS

use
of model and drawings to illustrate principles to Admiralty  12–13

Sir
Charles Yorke’s involvement  10, 16, 17

Sharpe, Thomas  93

sheaves for pulley blocks,
manufacture  90–91

Sheerness
Royal Dockyard

coffer
dam and ‘foundation masses’, introduced by Samuel Bentham  27–28

fire-proof
buildings to Samuel Bentham’s plans  27

mill
for making roman cement, established by Samuel Bentham  28

Storekeepers

Thomas
Snell  105

well
sunk by Samuel Bentham  27

sheathing, copper: Humphrey
Davy’s electricity based protection systems a failure  18

Sheffield, W. E.: Master of
the Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  25

Sheldon, Matthew, ‘A tale of
two cities: the facilities, work and impact of the Victualling Office in
Portsmouth, 1793–1815’  35–45

shells for pulley blocks,
manufacture of  85–90

ship losses, during the Napoleonic
Wars  47

shipwrights

Samuel
Bentham  60

Nicholas
Diddams  64, 78

William
Gray  60

John
Lock  104

Sir
Henry Peake  60, 64

Sir
Robert Seppings, see Seppings, Sir Robert

William
Stride  105

Joseph
Tucker, see Tucker, Joseph

Mr Waugh 
106

Simmonds, Mr: quartermaster
at Portsmouth Dockyard  105

Skottowe, Richard  99

Smart, Mr, and the
presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  12

Smeaton, John  89

Smith, George: Navy Board
secretary  80, 81

Snell, Thomas  105

Snodgrass, Gabriel: his
system of internal bracing for older, smaller vessels  9

Somerset House: home of the
Royal Society in early nineteenth century  12

Society of Arts: prizes
awarded to Simon Goodrich  65

Society for the Promotion of
Christian Knowledge: links with Portsmouth  97

Society for the Propagation
of the Gospel: missionaries use Portsmouth as departure point  97

Southwell, Daniel  105

Speaker
(East India Company ship): repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (March 1772)  100

Spencer, George John, 2nd
Earl

Admiralty
policy-maker  17

First
Lord of the Admiralty 62

Spithead

fleet
winters there throughout the 1790s  40

San
Ildefonso
, Spanish two-decker captured at Trafalgar, used as a depot
for stores  36

Square Tower, Portsmouth

slaughterhouse
on adjoining land  36

store 
36

Stanley, Hans, MP: Admiralty
Commissioner  60

‘Statements of Services’
papers by Samuel Bentham (1812–1813)

annotated
with marginal references to the dates of official letters  21

‘Statement
of Services relative to the Improvement and Formation of Naval Arsenals’  21

‘Statement
of Services relative to the Improvement of Manufactures requisite in Naval
Arsenals’  21

summarizes
what the author claimed to have contributed to dockyard operations  21

steam

Boulton
and Watt engine, installed in HMS Congo  17

demonstrated
at Westminster by Samuel Bentham  23–24

Dockyards
(1812–1831)  80

Navy
Board opposes  23

Metal
Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  60

pumps
at Portsmouth Dockyard  23, 26

Sadler
steam engine  64, 77

steam
bucket ladder dredgers

in
the Thames  28

machinery
supplied by John Lloyd  64

at Portsmouth
(1802), increases the depth of water at the tidal entrance  28, 52

Wood
Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  60

steamships: Oliver Lang
builds at Woolwich Dockyard  17

Stephens, Sir Philip  60, 74

career 
82n

Stoete, Hendrik  102

storing and fitting naval
vessels within the boundary of a dockyard

deepening
and enlarging the basin  26

halving
the length of the existing double dock  26

using
caissons or floating dams to serve as gates  26, 51

using
pumps with moveable steam engines to control water level in docks  26

Stormont (East
India Company ship)  101

strength of metals

ascertaining
the strength of different metals begun by Bentham (1798)  25

Samuel
Bentham provides specification of mixed metals to private manufacturers by 1813 
25

improvements
made in the quality of mixed metals  25

Stride, William, shipwright 
105

Stubbington Manor, leased by
Thomas Fitzherbert  95

Suckling, Maurice (1726–1778),
Naval Comptroller

appealed
to by Nelson  100

returns
as MP for Portsmouth  97

Sun Fire Insurance  104

Surveyors of the Navy: see
Henslow, John; Hunt, Edward; Peake, Sir Henry; Peake, John; Rule, Sir William;
Seppings, Sir Robert; Symonds, Captain Sir William

Sutton, Samuel: new
commander of HMS Victory at re-commissioning (9 April 1803)  31

Symonds, Captain Sir William:
Surveyor of the Navy (1832)  18

T

task work  81

Taylor, Dr, Secretary to the
Society of Arts, and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811) 
12

Taylors of Southampton,
block contractors  60

blockmakers
borne on Portsmouth Dockyard’s books  61

dispute
over continuation of contract and pricing  61–62

machinery
used by  60–61, 85, 86, 88

supply
blocks to the Royal Navy  60, 61, 78

supply
blocks to the East India Company  78

Temple Mills copper works  84

Thames, River

cast-iron
tunnel  65

steam
bucket ladder dredger  28

Thomas, James H.,
‘Portsmouth yard and town in the age of Nelson (1758–1805) – a relationship
examined’  93–107

Thompson, Captain Sir Thomas
Boulden, Controller of the Navy  10, 79

tidal mill, Portsmouth  36

ton dock days per year at
Portsmouth Dockyard: increase of 107% during the Napoleonic Wars  50

Torbay: anchorage for the
blockade of Brest (from 1798)  41

trade routes: protection of
leads to expansion of naval forces  47

Trafalgar, Battle of (1805)

HMS Conqueror
(74) present at  32

HMS Pickle
present at  32

treenails: Samuel Bentham’s
improved method of driving  63

Tremendous
(74), HMS

recaulked
at Sheerness (1811)  11

Robert
Seppings’ repairs at Chatham (1810) and captain’s report (1811)  10–11, 14

Sir
Charles Yorke and Sir Joseph Yorke visit (1810)  11

Trevithick, Thomas:
cast-iron Thames Tunnel  65

troops, supply of in Spain
and Portugal after Trafalgar  47

Troubridge, Sir Thomas  60

career 
85n

Tucker, Benjamin, Clerk of
the Cheque at Portsmouth Dockyard

ally
of St Vincent  59

brother
of Joseph  59

Tucker, Joseph, master
shipwright at Plymouth Dockyard

ally
of St Vincent  59, 78

brother
of Benjamin  59

Conqueror,
HMS (74), inventory of tasks completed in Plymouth on  34

dockyard
papers for ships present at Trafalgar  32

fitting
out ships, work done  32

opposes
Robert Seppings’ system of diagonal riders  17

Ordinary,
work done to prepare ships  32

Pickle,
HMS, inventory of tasks completed in Plymouth on  34

V

Varlo, Philip and Mary,
supply blocks to the Royal Navy in the 1770s  60

Vass, Nicholas  97

Vernon, John, Master of the Metal
Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard (1807)  72, 78

Victory
(100),

HMS (1765)

repair
in Chatham Dockyard (1802–1803)

bulwarks
raised and built up  31

cost
of (£70,933)  31

figurehead
replaced with simpler design  31

gun
ports added (two) 31

magazine
rebuilt to new regulations  31

re-commissioned
(9 April 1803)  31

second
survey reveals more work needed than originally planned  31

stern
davits removed  31

upper-
and quarterdeck levels rebuilt with closed stern  31

spends
658 days (1814–1816) in dry dock in Portsmouth Dockyard  50

Samuel
Sutton, new commander at re-commissioning (9 April 1803)  31

Victualling
Agent,
Portsmouth

office
in St Mary’s Street  35

residence
in St Thomas Street  35

salary
increases (1796 and 1800)  40, 45n

supplies
stores to Nelson’s fleet off Cadiz (1805)  41

supplies
stores to Torbay and Plymouth (1799)  41

Victualling Board

bake
house (1740) in King Street  35, 43

biscuit,
contracts for  43

brewhouses
(1758 and 1782)

at
Weevil  36

horses
for raising water  45n

production
figures  43–44

pumphouse
and reservoir at Weevil  36

facilities
in Portsmouth and Gosport  35

offered
space by the Ordnance Board at Gun Wharf in exchange for building a new store  37

land
at Weevil transferred from Ordnance Board (1828)  37

Victualling Office in
Portsmouth and Gosport

Samuel
Bentham’s technological developments not possible  37

Clerk
of the Cheque

office
in St Mary’s Street  35

salary
increase (1800)  45

cooperage,
Weevil (1766)  36

Grand
Storehouse bought from Ordnance Board  37

local
impact 1793–1815  35, 42, 43

Master
Brewer

residence
at Weevil  36

responsible
for horses for the brewhouse  45n

Master
Cooper

disputes
with Lieutenant Benamor  40

residence
at Weevil  36

New
Gun Wharf at Portsmouth (from 1811)  37

numbers
employed  35, 40, 42–43

predictions
of demand at Portsmouth and Plymouth  40, 41

pumphouse
and reservoir for brewhouses at Weevil  36

Royal
Clarence Yard  37

San
Ildefonso
used as a storeship at Spithead  36

seasonal
demand for victualling  40

single
system with Deptford and Plymouth  37, 43

Square
Tower  36

storehouses
(1740 and 1782)  36

Storekeeper

office
in St Mary’s Street  35

salary
increase (1800)  45n

supplies
military transports  40

theft
and pilfering from  37, 39

tidal
mill (1746)  36, 43

Victualling
Wharf  36, 37

Weevil
site  35, 36, 37

Vivian, John  84

Voorland
(Dutch East India Company ship):
stays in dock in Portsmouth
for repair for 65 days  102

W

Wales,
Prince of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard (1803)  93

Wales,
Princess of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard (1805)  93

Walker,
W.: surgeon at Portsmouth Dockyard  104

Walpole,
Horace  101

Walton,
John: headmaster of the Naval Academy  98

Ware,
Martin  98

Watt,
James

and
mechanisation  81

proposes
Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  16

works
with Matthew Boulton and Josiah Wedgwood  65

Wedgwood,
Josiah

and
mechanisation  81

works
with Matthew Boulton and James Watt  65

Weevil

brewhouses
at (1758 and 1762)  36

Cooperage
(1766)  36

Master
Brewer’s residence  36

Master
Cooper’s residence  36

Ordnance
Board land transferred to the Victualling Board  (1828)  37

pumphouse
and reservoir at  36

Royal
Clarence Yard, new victualling facilities (1828)  37

Wells, John, FRS: at
presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  11

Wellstead, John, foreman of
sailmakers  105

West Indies: military
expedition to (November 1795) with 18,740 troops in 200 transports  40

Whidbey
(or Whidby), Joseph

Master
Attendant of Woolwich Dockyard  79

Plymouth
breakwater constructor, Admiralty policy-maker  17

Whitmore, William, engineer 
76

career 
84n

Wilkin, F. S., ‘The
contribution of Portsmouth Royal Dockyard to the success of the Royal Navy in
the Napoleonic War 1793–1815’  47–58

Wilkins, Robert  95

Wilkinson, Tate  98

Williams, Thomas, MP  76, 78

career 
84

Winchester College  97

Windsor, Dean and Chapter of 
97

Wolfe, James  94

Wollaston, William,
Principal Secretary of the Royal Society

letter
in favour of Robert Seppings’ principles (27 December 1811)  13

at
presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  11

Wood Mill erected in Chatham
Dockyard (1813)  25

Wood Mills in Portsmouth
Dockyard, see Portsmouth Royal Dockyard

Woolwich
Royal Dockyard

horse
mortar mills  67

Master
Attendants

Joseph
Whidby (or Whidbey)  79

Master
Boat Builders

Edward
Hunt  105

Master
Shipwrights

Martin
Ware  98

ropery,
Samuel Bentham proposes fire-proof construction for  27

steamships,
Oliver Lang builds at for the Royal Navy 17

workforce in Portsmouth
Dockyard: see Portsmouth Royal Dockyard

Y

Yorke, Sir Charles, First
Lord of the Admiralty (1810–1812)

at
the reading of Robert Seppings’ paper on 10 March 1814  15

involvement
in Robert Seppings’ system  10, 16, 17

visits
HMS Tremendous (74) at Chatham (1810)  11

Yorke, Admiral Sir Joseph

at
the reading of Robert Seppings’ paper on 10 March 1814  15

visits
HMS Tremendous (74) at Chatham (1810)  11

Young, Dr Thomas, Foreign
Secretary of the Royal Society

analysis
of Robert Seppings’ principles, pure science vs practical experience  13

appointed
to the Board of Longitude (1818)  13–14

at
presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  11

proposes
Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  16

Young, Admiral William  76