Naval Dockyards Society

Exploring the civil branches of navies & their material culture

Transactions indexes to view

Index to Transactions 1

References to illustrations are in italics.

A

Abbot, Charles  69

Abraham, Israel  104

Addington, Henry, Prime Minister

appoints Earl St Vincent First Lord of the Admiralty  59

resigns  60

Admiraal De Suffren (Dutch East India Company ship)  102, 103

Admiralty

Committee to advise on discoveries and inventions (1829)  18

Earl St Vincent, First Lord, see St Vincent, Admiral Sir John Jervis, Earl

relationship with Navy Board  9

Sir Charles Yorke, First Lord, see Yorke, Sir Charles

Admiralty Inspector General of Naval Works, see Inspector General of Naval Works

Admiralty Progress Books, hold near complete records of ships entering Portsmouth Dockyard  50

Albion Flour Mills, London  65

Allcott, John: Storekeeper at Portsmouth Dockyard  104

Allen, William, of the Royal Institution: and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ system (19 November 1811)  12

Amazon (38), HMS (1799): sheathed with recycled copper from the Metal Mills  74–75

anchors: mixed metal more economic than iron  25

Ansbach, Margravine of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard  93

Apollo (36), HMS (1799): sailors paid off cause problems in Portsmouth (April 1802)  99

Arethusa (38), HMS (1781): sailors paid off cause problems in Portsmouth (April 1802)  99

Arnaud, Elias  104

Arundel: Thomas Fitzherbert as MP (1780)  95

Avery, Philip: contractor for painter’s work, Portsmouth Dockyard  96

B

bake house, Victualling Board

built (1740) in King Street, Portsmouth  35

contains only six ovens  35

fire hazard  36

production of biscuit  43

Baker, William  104

Banks, Sir Joseph, President of the Royal Society

and Congo River exploration  17

death (1820)  12, 18

and George III  12

interests, achievements and involvement in naval enquiries  12

at presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  11

and Royal Society  15

Barfleur (90), HMS (1768): spends 323 days in dry dock (1792–1793) in Portsmouth  50

Barham, Charles Middleton, Lord, First Lord of the Admiralty

Commission for Revising and Digesting the Civil Affairs of His Majesty’s Navy (Commission of Revision)  59, 75

Commission of Naval Enquiry  75

replaced at Admiralty (1806)  74

Barlow, Admiral Robert

Commissioner of Chatham Dockyard  17

Naval Fellow of the Royal Society  17

Barrallier, Jean Louis, Second Assistant to the Surveyors: reports on Robert Seppings’ submission  11

Barrow, John, FRS

appointed to the Council of the Royal Society (1814)  15

involvement in Robert Seppings’ system  10, 12, 15–18

Second Secretary to the Admiralty (1804–1806 and 1807–1845)  10

Beach, Samuel, superintendent in the Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard

pay  71

progress on constructing two furnaces  68

Beaufort, Captain Francis: elected to the Royal Society (1814)  16

Bedford, John, quarterman  105

Belle (or Balle), Captain Andreas  101

Belvidere (East India Company ship): launched at Itchenor (April 1787)  93

Benamor, Lieutenant Fell: superintends hoys at Portsmouth (1808–1809)  40

Beneficial Society’s Hall, Portsmouth  104

Bentham, Jeremy, brother of Samuel, writer on jurisprudence  21

Bentham, Samuel: Admiralty Inspector General of Naval Works (1796–1807)

ascertaining the strength of different metals begun by (1798)  25

bars uneconomic customs used in private yards  24

block-manufacturing machines  62

Block Mills for Portsmouth Dockyard  63

circular fixed saw  86

colonel in the service of Catherine the Great of Russia (from 1780)  21

covered docks and slips

at Karlscrona, Sweden (1807)  26

Portsmouth Dockyard  26

demonstrates the use of steam engines at Westminster  23–24

deputy (Simon Goodrich, 1805–1807)  65

develops philosophical principles for the management of industrial organisations  22

directs actual works and production lines  22

fire-proof buildings in the dockyards  27

given the management of the Wood Mills, Metal Mills, and Millwrights at Portsmouth Dockyard by the Navy Board  24

inspects all dockyards (1795)  59

introduces cofferdams at Portsmouth Dockyard together with strengthening embankments and quays  27

machine tools at Portsmouth Dockyard  24

mill for making roman cement established at Sheerness Dockyard  28

moves to Navy Board (August 1808)  79

office at the Navy Board abolished (1812)  79

panopticon prison project (1794)  27

papers by him, see ‘statements of services’ papers

plans for Chatham’s number one slipway, see covered dock and slips

position equivalent to today’s Integrated Project Team Manager  51

proposes fitting and storing vessels within the dockyard  26

pumps in Portsmouth Dockyard use steam engine  23

and resistance to the introduction of new technology  22

Russian shipbuilding project (1805–1807)  79

sawmill at Portsmouth Dockyard  24

shipbuilding at Redbridge, Hampshire  23

steam-driven woodworking machinery  23–24, 45n

steam engine at Redbridge, Hampshire  23

submits plans to reorganize Portsmouth Dockyard (1795)  59

technologies pioneered by him in the dockyards impossible to implement due to lack of coherent development  37

title or rank of general  21

trains as shipwright  60

Victualling facilities at Portsmouth Dockyard

inadequacies of  35

new store for (1800–1801)  37

Wood Mill at Chatham Dockyard (1813)  25

Berri, Duke of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard  93

block contractors, Plymouth Dockyard

Dunsterville, Bartholomew  62

Dunsterville, William  60

Block Mills, Portsmouth: see Portsmouth Royal Dockyard: Block Mills

blockade of the French fleet at Brest, using Torbay as anchorage (from 1798)  41

blocks, wood

inserting metal bushes  61

lignum vitae for  61, 66, 90

machine tools, Brunel not responsible for introduction  85

manufacture of  55–58, 61, 85–92

mortising machine for the shell of pulley blocks, Brunel’s only fully automatic machine  87–89

new table of dimensions  61

supply of, to the Royal Navy  56, 60–61

Board of Commissioners for Revising the Civil Affairs of the Navy, see Commission of Revision

Board of Longitude  13–14

Bombay: East India Company’s yard builds HMS Malabar (74)  16

Bombay Castle (East India Company ship): lent to the Royal Navy as a transport (1780)  101

Boulton, Arthur, shipwright  105

Boulton, Matthew: works with James Watt and Josiah Wedgwood  65

Boulton and Watt steam engines

installed in HMS Congo  17

at Portsmouth Dockyard  80

used for the first generation of Royal Navy steamships  17

Bowes-Smith, Arthur  101

Boyle, Captain the Hon. Courtenay

elected to the Royal Society (1814)  16

Naval Fellow of the Royal Society  17

Bramah, Joseph  86

Breadhower, John: Portsmouth bookseller  103

Brest, blockade of the French fleet at, using Torbay as anchorage (from 1798)  41

Brilliant (East India Company ship): repaired at Portsmouth Dockyard (1782)  101

Brixham reservoir  67

Brunel, Marc Isambard

automatic mortising machine for the shell of pulley blocks  87–89

boring machine  86–87

Chief Engineer, New York  62

circular saw for cutting logs for shells and sheaves for pulley blocks  66, 86, 90

coaking machine  91–92

corner saw  89

helps to train the workmen at the Block Mills, Portsmouth Dockyard  22

introduces the principle of the crank to mortising machines  88

leading light for Maudslay, Bentham and Goodrich  85

machines produced by him are mainly semi-automatic  85

marries Sophia Kingdom, daughter of William Kingdom  62

milling machinery  22

offers his patented machine drawings to the Taylors and to Samuel Bentham  62

proposer for John Knowles’s election to the Royal Society (1822)  17

at the reading of Robert Seppings’ paper (10 March 1814)  15

rounding saw  91

bucket dredger driven by steam engine

completed in Portsmouth Dockyard (1802)  28

designed by Bentham, first of its kind  28

dredging depth reaches 26ft below low water (1812)  28

second dredger built to work in the Thames  28

Bucknell, Thomas: Builder Assistant at Portsmouth Dockyard  104

Budgen or Budger, John: scavelman and landlord  104

Bunce, Samuel

designs Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard with Edward Holl  64

works in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  21

Burnett, Sir William (FRS), Director of Medical Services  18

Burr, James

career  83n

works in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  21

Byam Martin, Admiral Sir Thomas: see Martin, Admiral Sir Thomas Byam

C

Calcutta (East India Company ship)  101

Camber: East India Company acquires storage and repair facilities (by 1760)  100

Carnatic (East India Company ship): lent to the Royal Navy as a transport (1780)  101

Catherine the Great: and Samuel Bentham  21

coaks, manufacture of  57, 78

Coats, Ann, ‘The Block Mills: new labour practices for new machines?’  59–84

Chatham Royal Dockyard

Bentham’s plans for number one slipway (1811–1812)  26

Commissioners

Admiral Robert Barlow  17

fire-extinguishing works  25

Howe (120), HMS (1815), built using Robert Seppings’ diagonal system  14

Kent (74) HMS (1798), rebuilt to Robert Seppings’ principles  9

Master Shipwrights

Samuel Bentham, see Bentham, Samuel

William Gray  60

Robert Seppings, see Seppings, Robert

Peake, Sir Henry, first assistant master shipwright  60

Peake, John, trains there  63

ropery

lead yard  53

production  53

Wood Mill erected (1813)  25

chips (dockyard privilege)  59, 69, 81, 99

Christ Church, Oxford  97

Christian, Admiral Sir Hugh  40, 42

Civil Architect and Engineer of the Navy

new name for Inspector General of Naval Works (1807)  21

post abolished (1812)  21

Clerk, Sir George (FRS): Admiralty policy-maker  17

Cockburn, Admiral Sir George (FRS)

Admiralty policy-maker  17

praises the partial application of Robert Seppings’ system to HMS Northumberland (74)  16

coffer dam at Portsmouth Dockyard, introduced by Samuel Bentham  27

Coffin, Rear Admiral Sir Isaac

career  84

enquires about the cost of re-manufacturing copper  76

visits the Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard with Nelson  82

Colchester (50), HMS (1746): convoys Indiamen (1757)  100

Collins, Mr, of the Victualling Office, Portsmouth  93

Colossus (74), HMS (1803): sheathed with recycled copper from the Metal Mills  75

Colquhoun, Patrick, ‘Treatise on the Police of the Metropolis’  69

Commission of Naval Enquiry  60, 74

Commission of Revision (Commission for Revising and Digesting the Civil Affairs of His Majesty’s Navy)  59, 65, 74, 75

Commission on Fees  43, 59

Committee on the Copper Trade  76

cone clutch  88

Congo (12), HMS (1816), paddle-wheeler

Boulton and Watt steam engine  17

designed by Robert Seppings, for exploration of the Congo River  17

Congo River, exploration of  17

Conqueror (74), HMS (1801)

fitting out, inventory of tasks completed in Plymouth by Joseph Tucker  33

present at Trafalgar  32

wages expended on repair (£303 3s 9d)  32

Controllers of the Navy: see Martin, Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Byam; Thompson, Captain Sir Thomas Boulden

Copley Gold Medal of the Royal Society: awarded to Robert Seppings (1818)  16

copper

Colossus (74), HMS (1803), sheathed with recycled copper from Portsmouth Dockyard’s Metal Mills  75

cost of re-manufacturing  76, 78

Hibernia (110), HMS (1804), sheathed with recycled copper from Portsmouth Dockyard’s Metal Mills  74

Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard re-process  25, 51, 53

smelting furnaces at royal dockyards for re-processing  25

copper trade, control of supply and prices  76–77

Corbin, Ambrose, shipwright  104

Cort, Henry  72

covered docks and slips

Navy Board recommends covering docks and slipways extensively  26

Samuel Bentham views the covered docks in Karlscrona, Sweden (1807)  26

Samuel Bentham’s plans for Chatham Dockyard’s number one slipway (1811/1812)  26

Cox, William, shipwright  104

Croker, John Wilson, First Secretary of the Admiralty

agent for Robert Seppings’ knighthood (1819)  17

member of the Council of the Royal Society  15

proposes Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  16

Cruttenden (East India Company ship): repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (April 1770)  100

Cuddemore, William, victualler and pub landlord  104

D

da Vinci, Leonardo  88, 90, 92

Damerum, Thomas, shipwright  104

Danish Asiatic Company, uses Portsmouth Dockyard for repairs

Johanna and Maria (May 1787)  101

Providentia (1785)  101

Darch, Thomas

career  84n

First Clerk at the Admiralty Naval Works Department  74

Davis, Joseph, Clerk of the Cheque at Portsmouth Dockyard  104

Davy, Humphrey

electricity based protection systems for copper sheathing a failure  18

President of the Royal Society  18

Denston, Stokeham  105

Diaper, John  104

Diddams, Nicholas, Master Shipwright at Portsmouth Dockyard: builds Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard with Sir Henry Peake  64

Deptford Royal Dockyard

ballast-heaving engine, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  67

steam driven circular saws for cutting staves for casks, proposed by Samuel Bentham (1807)  45n

Deptford Victualling Office

horse wheel pump for  67

single system with Portsmouth and Plymouth  37, 45n

Domett, Admiral Sir William, Lord of the Admiralty: supporter of Robert Seppings  14

Douty, Obedience, spinster  104

dredgers, steam bucket ladder, designed by Samuel Bentham  28, 52

Duke of Palma: visits Portsmouth Dockyard (1800)  93

Dummer, Edward  60

Duncan, Henry: Deputy Controller  64

Dundas, Henry: and Bentham’s steam-driven woodworking machinery  24

Dundas, Robert Saunders, see Melville, Robert Dundas, 2nd Viscount

Dunsterville, Bartholemew, of Plymouth, block contractors  62

Dunsterville, Thomas: fellow shipwright apprentice at Chatham with Samuel Bentham  60

Dunsterville, William, of Plymouth, block contractors  60

Dutch East India Company

agent (from 1749) George Huish  102

Batavia-bound ships visiting Portsmouth  (1759–1795)  102

deserters find refuge in Portsmouth  103

Voorland stays in dock in Portsmouth for repair for 65 days  102

E

Eagleton, Edward  103

East India Company

Belvidere launched at Itchenor (April 1787)  93

Cruttenden repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (April 1770)  100

Cuvera, see Malabar

Hartwell launched at Itchenor (May 1787)  93

Malabar (56), HMS, built by, to Robert Seppings’ system (1798)  16

Portsmouth Dockyard handles the bulk of repair work  100

relationship with the Royal Navy  100

Speaker repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (March 1772)  100

storage and repair facilities in the Camber (by 1760)  100–101

Edye, John (FRS): Chief Constructor  18

Elfi Bey, the ‘Mameluke Chief’: tours Portsmouth Dockyard (1803)  93

Elliot, William  60

career  85n

embezzlement from Portsmouth Dockyard (1774–1780)  98–99

F

fire insurance  104, 105

fitting and storing naval vessels within the boundary of a dockyard

deepening and enlarging the basin  26

halving the length of the existing double dock  26

using caissons or floating dams to serve as gates  26, 51

using pumps with moveable steam engines to control the water level in docks  26

Fisher, Henry Jr., baker  104

Fitzherbert, Thomas (1746–1822), merchant in Portsmouth

becomes Arundel’s MP with Lord Sandwich’s backing (1780)  95

leases Stubbington Manor on Portsea Island  95

supplies horses to Portsmouth Dockyard  95

fleet reviews in Portsmouth (1773 and 1778)  98

food, naval: sailors’ complaints in HMS Namur (90) (January 1758)  99

Frankland, Thomas, Admiralty policy-maker  17

French navy: blockaded at Brest, using Torbay as anchorage (from 1798)  41

Frett, Edward  104

G

Ganges (East India Company ship): lent to the Royal Navy as a transport (1780)  101

Garthshore, William  60

career  85

George III, King of Great Britain: intimate of Sir Joseph Banks  12

Gilbert, K. R.: definitive work on block-making machinery  85

Gooden, John, quarterman  105

Goodrich, Simon, mechanist, Admiralty and Navy Board employee

attends Arbitration Court (1810)  65

Bentham’s deputy (1805–1807)  65

Brunel is leading light for  85

in customized research teams with Watt, Wedgwood etc.  65

draughtsman to Samuel Reke then succeeds him (in 1799)  67

describes how politics are affecting the future of the Block Mills (1806)  75

early life and family history  64

engineer and mechanist to the Navy Board  (1814)  79

makes plans, estimates and supervises great variety of projects outside the Block Mills  67

marries Susanna Lloyd  64

mechanist to the Navy Board (1799)  65

moves to Portsmouth (1814)  79

moves to Portugal (1834)  80

papers in the Science Museum Library  63

position at the Navy Board abolished (December 1812)  79

prime mover in the industrialization of the dockyards (1812–1831)  80

reports on the merits of Robert Seppings’ repair of the Justitia (1817)  16

runs the Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  65

services listed by Samuel Reke (1806)  65

Society of Arts prizes  65

transferred to Navy Board (October 1807)  65

wide-ranging interests  65

works in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  21

Goodwin, Peter, ‘Preparing HMS Victory and the ships for Trafalgar’  31–34

Gower, Captain Leveson  100

Graham, Sir James: First Lord of the Admiralty (1830)  80, 81

Grand Storehouse, Portsmouth: paid for by the Victualling Board  37

Gray, William, Master Shipwright at Chatham Dockyard: trains Samuel Bentham  60

Green Row Rooms, Portsmouth  104

Greenway, John  105

Grenville, Thomas: First Lord of the Admiralty (1806)  74

Grey, Charles: First Lord of the Admiralty (1806)  74

Grimshaw, John: Sunderland ropemaker  75, 78

Gun Wharf, Portsmouth  37

H

Hall, Basil: Admiralty policy-maker  17

Hall, Edward  96

Hamilton, Major-General  62

Hamond, Captain Sir Andrew Snape  68

Hansen, Paulus  102

Hants, Sussex, and Dorset Fire Insurance  93, 104

Harding, James  103

Hartwell (East India Company ship): launched at Itchenor (April 1787)  93

Haslar Hospital: Simon Goodrich suggests improvements  67

Hat in Hand pub, Portsmouth  104

Hawke (East India Company ship)  100

Hay, Robert, Private Secretary to Lord Melville, Admiralty policy-maker  17

Haydn, Franz Joseph: turned away from visiting Portsmouth Dockyard (1794)  93–94

Henslow, Sir John: Surveyor of the Navy (1784–1806)  63, 64

Hewitt, James  99

Hibernia (110), HMS (1804),recycled copper analysed (1806)  74

Hills, Thomas: Master Sailmaker  96

Holl, Edward, Architect and Engineer

delineates responsibilities with Samuel Goodrich  68

designs Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard with Samuel Bunce  64

Holmes, Thomas, coal merchant  104

Hood, Samuel, Commissioner of Portsmouth Dockyard  98

Horsborough, Captain James (EIC): hydrographer  17

horses

cement mill at Portsmouth Dockyard  28

Deptford Victualling Office  67

mortar mill at Woolwich Dockyard  67

raise water at the Portsmouth brewhouses  45n

supplied to Portsmouth Dockyard by Thomas Fitzherbert  95

Howe, Admiral Lord  93, 99

Howe (120), HMS (1815)

built at Chatham Dockyard using Robert Seppings’ diagonal system (1815)  14

comparison with HMS St Vincent and HMS Nelson  15, 16

Howick, Lord see Grey, Lord

Huddart, Joseph (EIC): and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  11

Hunt, Edward, Surveyor of the Navy  105

Hunt, Thomas  104

Huish, George

consul of the Dutch government  102

Dutch East India Company agent (from 1749)  102

Honourable East India Company agent  100

town clerk and coroner in Portsmouth  98, 102

I

Inion, William, scavelman and landlord  104, 105

Inspector General of Naval Works see Office of Naval Works

J

James, William, historian: uses John Knowles’ pamphlet to complete his discussion of Robert Seppings’ system  17

Jellico, Adam  72

Jervis, Admiral Sir John see St Vincent, Earl

Johanna and Maria (Danish Asiatic Company ship): repaired at Portsmouth Dockyard (May 1787)  101

Johnstone Hope, Sir William, First Sea Lord  17

Justitia, ex-Danish battleship: badly distorted and used for a demonstration by Robert Seppings (1817)  16

K

Karlscrona, Sweden: Bentham views the covered docks (1807)  26

Kent, Henry  101

Kent (74), HMS (1798)

deterioration of her hull in two years (1803–1805)  9

rebuilt in Chatham Dockyard to Robert Seppings’ principles, to remain in service for another eighty years  9

sent home by Nelson accompanied by a transport  9

Kerr, David Ramsay, surgeon at Portsmouth Dockyard  105

Khan, Mirza Abul Hassan: tours new Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard (1810)  93

Kingdom, John: chief clerk in the secretary’s office at the Navy Office  62

Kingdom, Sophia: marries Brunel  62

Kingdom, William: Plymouth Dockyard contractor  62

knees: iron substituted for wooden  9

Knowles, John, Chief Clerk of the Surveyors’ Office

elected Fellow of the Royal Society (1822)  17

pamphlet The Elements and Practice of Naval Architecture (1822)  17

Kraai (Dutch East India Company packetboat)  102

L

Lady Penrhyn  101

Lambert, Andrew, ‘Science and seapower: The Navy Board, the Royal Society and the structural reforms of Sir Robert Seppings’  9–19

Lang, Oliver, pupil of Robert Seppings, shipbuilder: builds Royal Navy steamships at Woolwich  17

Legg’s Demi-Bastion, Portsmouth  37

Levant Company  97

Lindegren, Andrew  98, 104

Linzee, Edward, apothecary in Portsmouth

assembles substantial property portfolio  98

declines knighthood (1778)  98

eight times mayor  98

Lock, John, Master Shipwright at Portsmouth Dockyard  104

Lloyd, John, millwright  64, 71

Lloyd, Sarah: marries Simon Goodrich  64

Lloyd & Ostell  65

Luffman, Mr, shipwright  104

M

Malabar (74), HMS: first ship built to Robert Seppings’ system  16

Markham, Captain John  60

career  82n

Marsden, John  75

career  84n

Marsden, William

Admiralty policy-maker  17

career  83n

on the Commission of Naval Enquiry  76

enquires about the cost of re-manufacturing copper  76

and William Taylor’s blockmaking contract  62

Martell, Peter, shipwright  105

Martin, Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Byam

Controller of the Navy Board (1814)  15, 16, 18

recommends Robert Seppings for major financial reward  17

Maudslay, Henry

and Marc Isambard Brunel  62, 85

mechanist vs engineer  65, 79

Thames Tunnel  65

Melville, Robert Dundas, 2nd Viscount

favours building a new dockyard at Northfleet  14

First Lord of the Admiralty  14

visits the Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard (1807)  76–77

Meredith, John, Second Clerk of the Cheque at the Victualling Yard, Portsmouth: salary  39–40

Merritt, William, shipwright  104, 105

Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard: see Portsmouth Royal Dockyard

Middleton, Charles, see Barham, Charles Middleton, Lord

military expeditions

Portsmouth as assembly point  40

West Indies (November 1795) with 18,740 troops in 200 transports  40

mill for making roman cement, established by Samuel Bentham at Sheerness Dockyard  28

Monaco, Prince of: tours Portsmouth Dockyard (1768)  93

Montagu, Admiral Sir George  42

Morriss, Roger, ‘The office of the Inspector General of Naval Works and technological innovation in the Royal Dockyards’  21–29

mortising machine for the shell of pulley blocks, Brunel’s only fully automatic machine  87–89

Motley, J. C., insurance agent  104

Murdoch, William  88

mutiny, Portsmouth (1783)  99–100

Murray, James  99

N

Namur, HMS: sailors’ complaints of poor food (January 1758)  99

Naval Academy, Portsmouth

William Bayly, Headmaster  96

pupils get drunk in town  99

John Walton, Headmaster  98

Navy Board

abolished (1832)  18, 80

Lord Barham’s administrative reorganisation  59

Samuel Bentham moves to (August 1808)  79

Controller of  15

independence regarding technical policy  14

Inspector General of Naval Works transferred to (1807)  21

merchant yards not used for shipbuilding after 1815  17

opposes the use of steam engines for fear of deranging established practices  23

recommends covering docks and slipways extensively  26

relationship with Admiralty  9

resistance to change  11

see also Surveyors of the Navy

Navy Surveyor, see Surveyors of the Navy

Nelson (120), HMS: comparison with HMS Howe  15, 16

Nelson, Horatio

desires a station in the East India Company’s service  100

on Lisbon  105

sends HMS Kent home due to structural problems  9

visits Block Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  82

Nepean, Evan, Secretary to the Admiralty: resigns because of St Vincent’s Commission for Naval Enquiry  60

New Fire Office Insurance  104

non-recoil gun carriages, Simon Goodrich’s contrivances for  67

Northfleet, site of proposed new dockyard  14

Lord Melville favours  14

Robert Seppings a candidate to build  14

Northumberland (74), HMS (1798), partial application of Robert Seppings’ system  16

O

Office of Naval Works

established at the Admiralty (1796)  21, 59

Inspector General: post held by Samuel Bentham (1796–1807)  21

renamed Civil Architect and Engineer of the Navy (1807)  21

James Sadler works in the department (1800)  21

transferred to the Navy Board (1807)  21

Ollis family, in the Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  72

Orange, Prince and Princess of: visit Portsmouth Dockyard (1800)  93

Ordnance Board

Grand Storehouse paid for by the Victualling Board  37

Legg’s Demi-Bastion at Portsmouth  37

New Gun Wharf at Portsmouth (from 1799)  37

transfers land at Weevil to Victualling Board (1828)  37

transfers land in Portsmouth for a new Victualling store (1800–1801)  37

P

Palma, Duke of: tours Portsmouth Dockyard (1768)  93

Parys Mine Company  76

paying off  99

Peace of Amiens (1802)

influence on operational availability of line-of-battle ships vs frigates and below  48

welcomed by Portsmouth Dockyard for consolidation  49

Peake, Sir Henry

builds Block Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard with Nicholas Diddams  64

first assistant master shipwright at Chatham  60

opposition to Robert Seppings’ principles  13, 17

Surveyor of the Navy (1806–1822)  13, 14, 60, 78

Peake, James: works in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  21

Peake, John, Navy Board Surveyor (1806–1822)

extra assistant Civil Engineer and Architect  60

fellow shipwright apprentice at Chatham with Bentham  60

suggests metal standing rigging  25

Pelican Life Company  104

Philosophical Transactions (1814)  15

Phoenix Insurance  104

Pickard, James  88

Pickle, HMS (1799), armed schooner

present at Trafalgar  32

repairs completed in Plymouth by Joseph Tucker before Trafalgar 34

wages expended on repair £139 5s 4d  32

Pitt, Thomas: Clerk of the Cheque at the Victualling Yard, Portsmouth

salary  39–40

Plymouth Royal Dockyard

Conqueror (74), HMS (1801), inventory of tasks completed on  34

fire-proof buildings to Bentham’s plans  27

Joiners’ and Carpenters’ Shop, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  67

Pickle, HMS (1799), inventory of tasks completed on  34

reservoir, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  67

rope production  53

Tucker, Joseph, master shipwright

brother of Benjamin  59

dockyard papers and work refitting ships present at Trafalgar  31–34

gives details of what work is done when ships go into Ordinary  32

Victualling Yard

officers petition for equal pay with Portsmouth (1803)  41

predictions of demand (1794–1815)  41

single system with Deptford and Portsmouth  37

Pococke, Dr Richard  94

Poole, Jeffrey, MP  60

Portsea Concert Room, St George’s Square  104

Portsea Island  95

Portsmouth

bake house (Victualling Board’s) in

built in 1740  35

contains only six ovens  35

fire hazard  35

bankruptcies in  96

bookshops

great variety of books available  103–104

senior dockyard workers good customers  103, 104

Camber  100–101

coroner  102

description (1748)  95

fire insurance agents (1783–1805)  104

fleet reviews (1773 and 1778)  98

medicine and drug warehouse  103

military control of, eighteenth century

curfew guns  98

military posts  98

opening and shutting town gates  98

Naval Academy: pupils get drunk in town  99

population (1725–1811)  94

Portsea: street names introduced  104

prisoners of war  95

sailors cause problems in

complaining about poor food on HMS Namur (January 1758 )  99

demolishing a public house (March 1758 and February 1766)  99

paid off from HMS Apollo and HMS Arethusa  (April 1802)  99

St George’s Church: built by dockyard workers (1753)  97

storehouses for dry provisions

large building added (1782)  36

originally one storehouse (1740)  36

street names introduced to Portsea  104

Suckling, Maurice (1726–1778), Naval Comptroller, returns as MP  97

town clerk  102

town life effectively controlled by

garrison governor  98

mayor  98

resident dockyard commissioner  98

Portsmouth Royal Dockyard

Admiralty Progress Books, hold near complete records of ships entering  50

Admiralty Visitation (1802)  62–63

Bentham’s plans to reorganise  26, 59

Block Mills

Samuel Beach, superintendent  68, 71

building designed by Samuel Bunce and Edward Holl  64

built by Portsmouth Dockyard’s craftsmen under Henry Peake and Nicholas Diddams  64

Commission of Naval Enquiry (1802)  59

conceived by Bentham  63

construction of (1802)  62

furnaces constructed  68

include Wood Mills, Metal Mills, and Millwrights’ shop  63

machines designed by Marc Isambard Brunel  60

Mirza Abul Hassan Khan, Persian Shah’s representative, tours (1810)  93

productivity of output  55, 78

run by Simon Goodrich  65

savings to the public  22, 78, 79

state at 3 October 1805  74

supply all the navy’s blocks by 1807  55, 78

swing arm circular saw  66

workforce

efficiency of  55, 58

pay and conditions for  69–74

recruited from outside the Dockyard  64

blocks, wood

automatic mortising machine for (Brunel’s)  87–89

circular saw for (Brunel’s)  86, 90

coaks for  78, 92

manufacture of  55–8

metal bushes  61

smaller vs larger  60

supply of, to the Royal Navy  56, 78

Boat Pond converted to a basin by Samuel Bentham  26

boiler house (1830)  80

bucket ladder dredger driven by steam engine, designed by Samuel Bentham (1802)  28

Camber Docks

capable of docking two large frigates or three sloops  26, 52

converted from North Camber or channel by Bentham  26, 52

divided by a caisson  26

steam engines for  26, 67

circular sawing machines, Samuel Goodrich’s drawings for  67

Clerks of the Cheque

Joseph Davis  104

Thomas Snell  105

coal yard, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  67

coffer dam, introduced by Bentham  27

contribution to the fleet’s success during the Napoleonic Wars  58

covered docks and slips introduced by Samuel Bentham  26

Cruttenden (East India Company ship): repaired (April 1770)  100

curfew gun  98

Danish Asiatic Company, uses Portsmouth Dockyard for repairs

Johanna and Maria (May 1787)  101

Providentia (1785)  101

docking days (1793–1815)  50, see also ton dock days

dry docks

Barfleur (90), HMS (1768), spends 323 days in  50

double dock replaced by docks numbers two and three  26, 51

enlargement of non-tidal basin  52

introduction of caissons  52

ships spent there used as a measure of dockyard output  50

steam engine for  67

Voorland (Dutch East India Company ship), stays in dock for repair for 65 days  102

Duke of Palma visits (1786)  93

Dutch East India Company

agent (from 1749) George Huish  102

deserters find refuge  103

outward-bound Indiamen call regularly  101

vessel size and types range from 1300 ton Admiral De Suffren to 136 ton packetboat Kraai  102

Voorland stays in dock for repair for 65 days  102

efficiency increase during the Napoleonic Wars  58

Elfi Bay, the Mameluke Chief, tours (1803)  93

embezzlement (1774–1780)  98–99

fire extinguishing system, introduced by Bentham  24

fire-proof buildings to Bentham’s plans  27

fires in

1767  101

1770  61, 101

Franz Joseph Haydn: turned away from visiting (1794)  93

horses

drive the cement mill  28

supplied by Thomas Fitzherbert  95

machine tools driven by steam  24, 63

Mast Pond: Samuel Bentham’s plans for improvement  63

Master Boat Builders

Edward Hunt  105

Master House Carpenters

Nicholas Vass  97

Master Millwrights

Mr Linacre  72

Master Sailmakers

Thomas Hills  96

Master Shipwrights (aka Builders)

Nicholas Diddams  64, 78

John Lock  104

Sir Henry Peake  60, 64

Mr Waugh  106

Metal Mills, introduced by Bentham (1803)

copper melter, pay of  71–72

furnacemen  72, 74

improve quality of metal and remove reliance on copper merchants  25, 68

iron knees replace wooden knees  53

major supplier of copper for the Royal Navy  25, 53, 58

make metal parts for blocks  63

manufacture cast iron, mixed metals and copper sheathing  25

plans of  52

re-process copper  25, 60, 68

run by John Lloyd  64

savings to the public  25, 78, 79

smelt, cast and roll metal  25

use commercially established and proven developments  51

use spare steam capacity from pumping docks  60

workforce pay and conditions  70–72, 74

mill for making cement

built by Simon Goodrich  65

horse-powered  28

introduced by Samuel Bentham  28

Millwrights’ department

help to fit and improve articles used on board ships  24

introduced by Samuel Bentham  24, 53

make machine tools for other dockyards  24

maintain the whole water system including the fire extinguishing systems  24

mud barges, to accompany the steam dredgers  28

North Basin

capable of docking seven or eight frigates  26, 52

converted from North Boat Pond and channel  26, 52

most cost-effective improvement in the Royal Dockyards  52

steam engines for  26

Peace of Amiens welcomed for consolidation  49

performance increase during Napoleonic Wars  51

Prince and Princess of Wales visit (1803 and 1805)  93

Pump House

12HP steam engine erected by Simon Goodrich  65

reciprocating saw mill, Simon Goodrich’s drawings for  67

reservoir, improved by Samuel Bentham  27, 60

Ropery and Sail Cloth Manufactory (1804)  25, 53

Master Ropemaker sidelined  53

steam power a fire risk  53

sailings from, by ship type  49

sawmill

introduced by Samuel Bentham  24

pumping and sawing apparatus  73

seasoning timber

Samuel Bentham’s experiments  26–27

sheds established by Lord Sandwich  26

workshop built over the reservoir  27

Sheffield, W. E.: Master of the Mills  25

smiths  53, 67

steam dredger, designed by Samuel Bentham  28, 52

steam engines at

12HP machine  67

30HP machine  67

50HP machine  67

ballast-heaving engine  67

to drive pumps and machinery  23, 67

to pump fresh or sea water in case of fire  27

Storekeepers

John Allcott  104

John Greenway  105

Surgeons

David Ramsay Kerr  105

survey, 1774  93

ton dock days per year: increase of 107% (1793–1815)  50, 58

Victualling Office see Victualling Office

water, fresh

distributed by cast-iron piping in two adjacent courses  27, 45n, 67

raised to an elevated reservoir by steam engine  27, 67

shipped from Southampton Water (until 1797)  27

Watering Island, plans for (1801)  37

well sunk by Bentham  27, 37

wharf crane, Simon Goodrich’s plans for  67

Wood Mills, introduced by Samuel Bentham

able to supply from October 1807 all of the Navy’s need of blocks  78

built over the reservoir  27

cost recovered in three years from production savings  58

engine keepers of  57

foreman of  57

leading edge technology  51

lit by lamps not candles  27, 81

machinery repairers  57

Master of  57

model for mills elsewhere  25

steam powered  25, 60, 67

supply the fleet with a ‘lean manned’ and very efficient mill  58

workers in

apprentices biggest proportional increase during Napoleonic Wars  54

change in the distribution of various groups during Napoleonic Wars  54

discharged for refusing to go Woolwich  96

effect of war on labour opportunities  95, 96

largest elements are skilled workers during Napoleonic Wars  54

numbers of  80, 94, 96

recruitment of  54

senior dockyard workers good bookshop customers  103, 104

strikes (1775 and 1805)  96, 99

suspicious of proposed changes (1783)  99

tables of

by skill levels  54

by work areas  54

travelling expenses  96

wood millers  25

work Christmas Day 1792  95

Prince Gustavus Swedish Indiaman  101

Princess Augusta Swedish Indiaman  101

prisoners of war, held in the Portsmouth area  95

prize money  99

Progress Books, Admiralty: hold near complete records of ships entering Portsmouth Dockyard  50

Providentia (Danish Asiatic Company ship): repaired at Portsmouth Dockyard (1785)  101

pulley blocks

circular saw for  86, 90

machine tools, Brunel not responsible for introduction  85

mortising machine for shells, Brunel’s  87–89

Q

Quarterly Review  15

Queen (90), HMS: spends 1,151 days (1789–1792) in dry dock in Portsmouth Dockyard  50

R

Redbridge, Hampshire: Bentham’s steam engine at  23

Reke, Samuel

first Mechanist in the Office of Naval Works  65

Simon Goodrich acts as draughtsman to then succeeds him (in 1799)  67

lists works carried out under Simon Goodrich  65

Rennie, John, engineer

inspects Portsmouth Dockyard  79

installation of Boulton and Watt steam engine in HMS Congo  17

and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  12

proposes Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  16

Riley, Ray, ‘Marc Brunel’s pulley block-making machinery: operation and assessment’  85–92

Rogers, Heigham  75, 84n

roman cement, mill at Sheerness established by Samuel Bentham  28

Rood, Mr  104

Ropery and Sail Cloth Manufactory, established by Samuel Bentham (1804)  25

ropes produced by Portsmouth Royal Dockyard: did not develop during the wars (1793–1815)  53

Royal African Company  97

Royal Clarence Yard, new victualling facilities at the Weevil site (1828)  37

Royal Exchange fire insurance company  104

Royal George (100), HMS (1788)  80

monument in Kingston churchyard  105

Royal Navy

borrows the Ganges (East India Company ship) as a transport (1780)  101

composition of (1793–1815)  48–49

Humphrey Davy’s connection with  18

losses from all causes (1793–1815)  47

steamships built at Woolwich by Oliver Lang  17

Royal Society  12–18

awards Copley Gold Medal to Robert Seppings (1818)  16

in Somerset House  12

Rule, Sir William, Navy Board Surveyor (1793–1813)  63, 64

S

Sadler, James, works in the Inspector General’s department (1800)  21

St Ann’s Church, Portsmouth  97

St George’s Church, Portsmouth: built by dockyard workers (1753)  97

St Thomas’s Church, Portsmouth  97

St Vincent, Admiral Sir John Jervis, Earl

appointed First Lord of the Admiralty (1801)  59

appoints Robert Seppings as Master Shipwright at Chatham (1804)  10

and the civil branch of the Navy  59–60, 61

close blockade of Brest (1799)  9

and Commission of Naval Enquiry  74

leaves Admiralty (15 May 1803)  60

San Ildefonso, Spanish two-decker captured at Trafalgar: used as depot for stores at Spithead  36

Sandwich, Lord

backs Thomas Fitzherbert as Arundel’s MP (1780)  95

visits Portsmouth Dockyard (1775) 99

Saxton, Charles  68, 70

Schäffhausen Bridge, inspiration to Robert Seppings  16

scavelmen

Portsmouth landlords  104

proposed as second engine keepers at the Wood Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard  70

Scheldt, blockade of (1803–1805)  9

Schonderloo (Dutch East India Company ship)  102, 102–103

Scorpion sloop  100

Segeswick, Thomas  104

Seppings, Sir Robert

appointed Master Shipwright at Chatham (1804)  10

appointed Third Surveyor of the Navy (14 June 1813)  14

awarded Copley Gold Medal of the Royal Society (1818)  16

candidate for the proposed dockyard at Northfleet  14

critical reference to the Navy Board  14

criticism of merchant shipbuilding practice  17

designs first generation of Royal Navy steam vessels  17

designs HMS Congo for exploration of the river  17

dismissal (1832)  18

Sir William Domett a supporter  14

elected to Fellowship of the Royal Society (11 November 1814)  16

explanation of his system  10

Simon Goodrich reports on his system  16

knighthood  17

Sir Henry Peake opposes his system  13, 1.17

produces developments in naval architecture (1800–1820)  10

recommended for major financial reward  17

Royal Society papers

‘On a new principle of constructing His Majesty’s ships of war’ (10 March 1814)  15

‘On a New Principle of Constructing Ships in the Mercantile Navy’ (2 and 9 March1820)  17

‘On the great strength given to Ships of War by the application of Diagonal braces’ (27 November 1817)  16

system of diagonal riders  10, 16: see also Howe, HMS; Justitia; Malabar, HMS; Northumberland, HMS

use of model and drawings to illustrate principles to Admiralty  12–13

Sir Charles Yorke’s involvement  10, 16, 17

Sharpe, Thomas  93

sheaves for pulley blocks, manufacture  90–91

Sheerness Royal Dockyard

coffer dam and ‘foundation masses’, introduced by Samuel Bentham  27–28

fire-proof buildings to Samuel Bentham’s plans  27

mill for making roman cement, established by Samuel Bentham  28

Storekeepers

Thomas Snell  105

well sunk by Samuel Bentham  27

sheathing, copper: Humphrey Davy’s electricity based protection systems a failure  18

Sheffield, W. E.: Master of the Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  25

Sheldon, Matthew, ‘A tale of two cities: the facilities, work and impact of the Victualling Office in Portsmouth, 1793–1815’  35–45

shells for pulley blocks, manufacture of  85–90

ship losses, during the Napoleonic Wars  47

shipwrights

Samuel Bentham  60

Nicholas Diddams  64, 78

William Gray  60

John Lock  104

Sir Henry Peake  60, 64

Sir Robert Seppings, see Seppings, Sir Robert

William Stride  105

Joseph Tucker, see Tucker, Joseph

Mr Waugh  106

Simmonds, Mr: quartermaster at Portsmouth Dockyard  105

Skottowe, Richard  99

Smart, Mr, and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  12

Smeaton, John  89

Smith, George: Navy Board secretary  80, 81

Snell, Thomas  105

Snodgrass, Gabriel: his system of internal bracing for older, smaller vessels  9

Somerset House: home of the Royal Society in early nineteenth century  12

Society of Arts: prizes awarded to Simon Goodrich  65

Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge: links with Portsmouth  97

Society for the Propagation of the Gospel: missionaries use Portsmouth as departure point  97

Southwell, Daniel  105

Speaker (East India Company ship): repaired in Portsmouth Dockyard (March 1772)  100

Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl

Admiralty policy-maker  17

First Lord of the Admiralty 62

Spithead

fleet winters there throughout the 1790s  40

San Ildefonso, Spanish two-decker captured at Trafalgar, used as a depot for stores  36

Square Tower, Portsmouth

slaughterhouse on adjoining land  36

store  36

Stanley, Hans, MP: Admiralty Commissioner  60

‘Statements of Services’ papers by Samuel Bentham (1812–1813)

annotated with marginal references to the dates of official letters  21

‘Statement of Services relative to the Improvement and Formation of Naval Arsenals’  21

‘Statement of Services relative to the Improvement of Manufactures requisite in Naval Arsenals’  21

summarizes what the author claimed to have contributed to dockyard operations  21

steam

Boulton and Watt engine, installed in HMS Congo  17

demonstrated at Westminster by Samuel Bentham  23–24

Dockyards (1812–1831)  80

Navy Board opposes  23

Metal Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  60

pumps at Portsmouth Dockyard  23, 26

Sadler steam engine  64, 77

steam bucket ladder dredgers

in the Thames  28

machinery supplied by John Lloyd  64

at Portsmouth (1802), increases the depth of water at the tidal entrance  28, 52

Wood Mills at Portsmouth Dockyard  60

steamships: Oliver Lang builds at Woolwich Dockyard  17

Stephens, Sir Philip  60, 74

career  82n

Stoete, Hendrik  102

storing and fitting naval vessels within the boundary of a dockyard

deepening and enlarging the basin  26

halving the length of the existing double dock  26

using caissons or floating dams to serve as gates  26, 51

using pumps with moveable steam engines to control water level in docks  26

Stormont (East India Company ship)  101

strength of metals

ascertaining the strength of different metals begun by Bentham (1798)  25

Samuel Bentham provides specification of mixed metals to private manufacturers by 1813  25

improvements made in the quality of mixed metals  25

Stride, William, shipwright  105

Stubbington Manor, leased by Thomas Fitzherbert  95

Suckling, Maurice (1726–1778), Naval Comptroller

appealed to by Nelson  100

returns as MP for Portsmouth  97

Sun Fire Insurance  104

Surveyors of the Navy: see Henslow, John; Hunt, Edward; Peake, Sir Henry; Peake, John; Rule, Sir William; Seppings, Sir Robert; Symonds, Captain Sir William

Sutton, Samuel: new commander of HMS Victory at re-commissioning (9 April 1803)  31

Symonds, Captain Sir William: Surveyor of the Navy (1832)  18

T

task work  81

Taylor, Dr, Secretary to the Society of Arts, and the presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  12

Taylors of Southampton, block contractors  60

blockmakers borne on Portsmouth Dockyard’s books  61

dispute over continuation of contract and pricing  61–62

machinery used by  60–61, 85, 86, 88

supply blocks to the Royal Navy  60, 61, 78

supply blocks to the East India Company  78

Temple Mills copper works  84

Thames, River

cast-iron tunnel  65

steam bucket ladder dredger  28

Thomas, James H., ‘Portsmouth yard and town in the age of Nelson (1758–1805) – a relationship examined’  93–107

Thompson, Captain Sir Thomas Boulden, Controller of the Navy  10, 79

tidal mill, Portsmouth  36

ton dock days per year at Portsmouth Dockyard: increase of 107% during the Napoleonic Wars  50

Torbay: anchorage for the blockade of Brest (from 1798)  41

trade routes: protection of leads to expansion of naval forces  47

Trafalgar, Battle of (1805)

HMS Conqueror (74) present at  32

HMS Pickle present at  32

treenails: Samuel Bentham’s improved method of driving  63

Tremendous (74), HMS

recaulked at Sheerness (1811)  11

Robert Seppings’ repairs at Chatham (1810) and captain’s report (1811)  10–11, 14

Sir Charles Yorke and Sir Joseph Yorke visit (1810)  11

Trevithick, Thomas: cast-iron Thames Tunnel  65

troops, supply of in Spain and Portugal after Trafalgar  47

Troubridge, Sir Thomas  60

career  85n

Tucker, Benjamin, Clerk of the Cheque at Portsmouth Dockyard

ally of St Vincent  59

brother of Joseph  59

Tucker, Joseph, master shipwright at Plymouth Dockyard

ally of St Vincent  59, 78

brother of Benjamin  59

Conqueror, HMS (74), inventory of tasks completed in Plymouth on  34

dockyard papers for ships present at Trafalgar  32

fitting out ships, work done  32

opposes Robert Seppings’ system of diagonal riders  17

Ordinary, work done to prepare ships  32

Pickle, HMS, inventory of tasks completed in Plymouth on  34

V

Varlo, Philip and Mary, supply blocks to the Royal Navy in the 1770s  60

Vass, Nicholas  97

Vernon, John, Master of the Metal Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard (1807)  72, 78

Victory (100), HMS (1765)

repair in Chatham Dockyard (1802–1803)

bulwarks raised and built up  31

cost of (£70,933)  31

figurehead replaced with simpler design  31

gun ports added (two) 31

magazine rebuilt to new regulations  31

re-commissioned (9 April 1803)  31

second survey reveals more work needed than originally planned  31

stern davits removed  31

upper- and quarterdeck levels rebuilt with closed stern  31

spends 658 days (1814–1816) in dry dock in Portsmouth Dockyard  50

Samuel Sutton, new commander at re-commissioning (9 April 1803)  31

Victualling Agent, Portsmouth

office in St Mary’s Street  35

residence in St Thomas Street  35

salary increases (1796 and 1800)  40, 45n

supplies stores to Nelson’s fleet off Cadiz (1805)  41

supplies stores to Torbay and Plymouth (1799)  41

Victualling Board

bake house (1740) in King Street  35, 43

biscuit, contracts for  43

brewhouses (1758 and 1782)

at Weevil  36

horses for raising water  45n

production figures  43–44

pumphouse and reservoir at Weevil  36

facilities in Portsmouth and Gosport  35

offered space by the Ordnance Board at Gun Wharf in exchange for building a new store  37

land at Weevil transferred from Ordnance Board (1828)  37

Victualling Office in Portsmouth and Gosport

Samuel Bentham’s technological developments not possible  37

Clerk of the Cheque

office in St Mary’s Street  35

salary increase (1800)  45

cooperage, Weevil (1766)  36

Grand Storehouse bought from Ordnance Board  37

local impact 1793–1815  35, 42, 43

Master Brewer

residence at Weevil  36

responsible for horses for the brewhouse  45n

Master Cooper

disputes with Lieutenant Benamor  40

residence at Weevil  36

New Gun Wharf at Portsmouth (from 1811)  37

numbers employed  35, 40, 42–43

predictions of demand at Portsmouth and Plymouth  40, 41

pumphouse and reservoir for brewhouses at Weevil  36

Royal Clarence Yard  37

San Ildefonso used as a storeship at Spithead  36

seasonal demand for victualling  40

single system with Deptford and Plymouth  37, 43

Square Tower  36

storehouses (1740 and 1782)  36

Storekeeper

office in St Mary’s Street  35

salary increase (1800)  45n

supplies military transports  40

theft and pilfering from  37, 39

tidal mill (1746)  36, 43

Victualling Wharf  36, 37

Weevil site  35, 36, 37

Vivian, John  84

Voorland (Dutch East India Company ship): stays in dock in Portsmouth for repair for 65 days  102

W

Wales, Prince of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard (1803)  93

Wales, Princess of: visits Portsmouth Dockyard (1805)  93

Walker, W.: surgeon at Portsmouth Dockyard  104

Walpole, Horace  101

Walton, John: headmaster of the Naval Academy  98

Ware, Martin  98

Watt, James

and mechanisation  81

proposes Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  16

works with Matthew Boulton and Josiah Wedgwood  65

Wedgwood, Josiah

and mechanisation  81

works with Matthew Boulton and James Watt  65

Weevil

brewhouses at (1758 and 1762)  36

Cooperage (1766)  36

Master Brewer’s residence  36

Master Cooper’s residence  36

Ordnance Board land transferred to the Victualling Board  (1828)  37

pumphouse and reservoir at  36

Royal Clarence Yard, new victualling facilities (1828)  37

Wells, John, FRS: at presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  11

Wellstead, John, foreman of sailmakers  105

West Indies: military expedition to (November 1795) with 18,740 troops in 200 transports  40

Whidbey (or Whidby), Joseph

Master Attendant of Woolwich Dockyard  79

Plymouth breakwater constructor, Admiralty policy-maker  17

Whitmore, William, engineer  76

career  84n

Wilkin, F. S., ‘The contribution of Portsmouth Royal Dockyard to the success of the Royal Navy in the Napoleonic War 1793–1815’  47–58

Wilkins, Robert  95

Wilkinson, Tate  98

Williams, Thomas, MP  76, 78

career  84

Winchester College  97

Windsor, Dean and Chapter of  97

Wolfe, James  94

Wollaston, William, Principal Secretary of the Royal Society

letter in favour of Robert Seppings’ principles (27 December 1811)  13

at presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  11

Wood Mill erected in Chatham Dockyard (1813)  25

Wood Mills in Portsmouth Dockyard, see Portsmouth Royal Dockyard

Woolwich Royal Dockyard

horse mortar mills  67

Master Attendants

Joseph Whidby (or Whidbey)  79

Master Boat Builders

Edward Hunt  105

Master Shipwrights

Martin Ware  98

ropery, Samuel Bentham proposes fire-proof construction for  27

steamships, Oliver Lang builds at for the Royal Navy 17

workforce in Portsmouth Dockyard: see Portsmouth Royal Dockyard

Y

Yorke, Sir Charles, First Lord of the Admiralty (1810–1812)

at the reading of Robert Seppings’ paper on 10 March 1814  15

involvement in Robert Seppings’ system  10, 16, 17

visits HMS Tremendous (74) at Chatham (1810)  11

Yorke, Admiral Sir Joseph

at the reading of Robert Seppings’ paper on 10 March 1814  15

visits HMS Tremendous (74) at Chatham (1810)  11

Young, Dr Thomas, Foreign Secretary of the Royal Society

analysis of Robert Seppings’ principles, pure science vs practical experience  13

appointed to the Board of Longitude (1818)  13–14

at presentation of Robert Seppings’ paper (19 November 1811)  11

proposes Robert Seppings to the Royal Society  16

Young, Admiral William  76