Naval Dockyards Society

Exploring the civil branches of navies & their material culture

Index to Vol. 4, conferences 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001

Volume 4 comprised:

The Second Annual Conference, 1998. ‘At the Ringing of the Bell’: Dockyards, Management and Workforces

The Third Annual Conference, 1999. Georgian Dockyards 1714–1837

The Fourth Annual Conference, 2000. British and French Dockyards, 1650–1800

A residual paper from the Fifth Annual Conference, 2001. Naval Dockyards: Changes in Materials and Technology

The Fourth Annual Conference, 2000. British and French Dockyards, 1650–1800

A

Accountant-General of the Navy

     duties  11, 25

     established (1832)  10, 25

Actaeon (28), HMS (1775)  73

Adams, John (Victualling Board contractor, 1761)  65

Admiralty

     Director of Admiralty Works see Director of Admiralty Works

     James Graham’s reforms (1832)  10

Amethyst (36), HMS (1799): wrecked  71

Andrew, Joseph (Greenwich Pensioner, 1811)  40

Anne Royal  77

Arsenal Zeemagasijn, Amsterdam  29

Aspinall, Robert  114

Atherden, Edward (Victualling Board contractor, 1761)  65, 66

Atherden, Martha (Victualling Board contractor, 1761)  65, 66

Auckland, George Eden, 1st Earl of, First Lord of the Admiralty (1846)  15

B

Bailey, James (Greenwich Pensioner, 1813)  42

Barham, Charles Middleton, 1st Baron, First Lord of the Admiralty: and proposed dockyard at Northfleet  81

Barlow, Sir Robert, commissioner at Chatham Dockyard (1808–23)  39–41 passim

     proposes remedies for silting  85

barracks, converted to housing and commercial use  28

Barrow, John, Second Secretary to the Admiralty (1804–1806 and 1807–1845): and proposed dockyard at Northfleet  82

Beatson, Captain R. I. RE: at Portsmouth Dockyard (1843)  98

beer, for the navy

     price of  54

     quality of  40, 54, 57

Bellona (74), HMS (1760): grounded in Portsmouth Harbour  73

Bentham, Jeremy: his influence on Samuel  25

Bentham, Maria, Lady (née Fordyce)  96

Bentham, Samuel

     classification of workers by intelligence and skill  25

     establishes timber masters (1801)  24

     improves dry docks (1798)  91

     introduces caissons for docks  96

     proposes a ‘unified culture’  24

     provision of education  25

     steam-driven bucket dredgers  83

     ‘total factor accounting’  25

Bernays, E. A.  104, 105, 106, 107

Betsey (Victualling Board hired sloop, 1761)  65

Bienfaisant (ex-Le Bienfaisant) (64), HMS (1754)  72

Black Book (1832)  14

Black Stakes, Medway  77

blue lias lime mortar  101, 106

Bombardon floating breakwaters  96

Boulton and Watt: beam engines  104

Bramble, Benjamin: contractor at Portsmouth Dockyard  98

Brandreth, Lt. Col. Henry RE, Director of Admiralty Works (1837)  98

Brent, Joseph (Victualling Board sloop Mary, 1761)  65

Brenton, Captain Jahleel  87

Brest  86, 87–8, 87

     Penfeld  88

Briggs, John Thomas

     Accountant-General of the Navy (1832–54)  13

     Assistant Secretary of the Victualling Board (1806–30)  81

Britannia (100), HMS (1762): grounded in Portsmouth Harbour  73

Bromley, Mr  14

Brompton Express  39

Brothers electric cableway  113

Browell, Captain William (Lieutenant Governor of Greenwich Hospital, 1809–21)  40, 42

Buchet, Christian, ‘The development of Victualling Board bases in London, Portsmouth, Plymouth, Chatham and Dover (1701–1763)’  53–68

Burnett, Dr William, Physician of the Navy  11

C

Caesar (Victualling Board sloop, 1761)  63

caissons

     floating v. self-acting  96, 97

     rolling  111

     at Sheerness  96–7, 98

     ship  102, 110

     sliding  99, 102, 108, 108, 110, 111

Catwater sloop (Victualling Board hired sloop, 1761)  65

Centurion (50), HMS (1650): wrecked  71

Charente River  88–9

charts, navigation  75

Chatham, victualling base  54, 55, 66

     personnel (1761)  66

Chatham Dockyard

     Anchor Wharf Storehouses  29

     caissons  97

     Clocktower Building  29

     Commissioner replaced by a superintendent (1832)  13

     Commissioners, named

          Sir Ro bert Barlow  39

          Thomas Kempthorne  78, 80

     dry docks

          caissons for (1833)  97

          proposed (c. 1611)  78

          stone (c. 1820)  104

          see also numbered docks

     fitting out basin  109

     Master Attendants  82

     Master Attendants, named: Samuel Hemmans  39, 80

     Master Attendants’ letter book (1811–14)  39–43

     Master Shipwrights: William Stone (1833)  16

     No. 5 Dock  105, 109

     No. 6 Dock  105, 109

     No. 7 Dock  105, 109

     No. 8 Dock  105, 109

     No. 9 Dock  109

     plan of (1811)  75

     pumping station  94, 104

     repairing basin  109

     river wall, proposed by Rennie (1811)  75

     ropery  27

     St Mary’s Creek, extension into (1860s)  104–5

     shipwrights strike over piece-work pay (1775)  22

     silting at (19th century)  85

     stage coaches banned (1812)  41–2

     steam dredgers  85

     tank vessels (1811)  40

Chatham Reach (Medway)  83

Cherbourg

     breakwater (begun 1783)  86, 86, 87

     dockyard  86, 86, 107

Chrimes, Michael  114

Clark, Celia, ‘Adaptive re-use and the Georgian storehouses of Plymouth – naval storage to museum’  27–37

Clark, Dean  34

Clarke, Colonel Sir Andrew, Director of Admiralty Works  108

     at Portsmouth Dockyard  101, 102

Cleopatra (32), HMS (1779)  73

Clifton Grammar School  35

Collingwood, John (Victualling Board messer, 1756 and 1761)  68n47

Colson, Charles  100, 109

Comet (2), HMS (1822)  83

Commissioners of Naval Revision  25

Commissioners on Fees, Perquisites and other unofficial emoluments  24

concrete, in dockyard construction  106, 106

Conqueror (68), HMS (1758): wrecked  71

Controller of Victualling: established (1832)  10

convict labour, in dockyard construction  105, 108–9

Cookham Wood Reach (Medway)  78, 80, 83

Cooper, W. S.  42

D

Daniels, William (apprentice to the Master Sailmaker at Chatham, 1811)  40

Dawson, Peter, ‘The Chatham Master Attendant’s letter book 1811–14’  39–43

Dean Sands, Portsmouth Harbour  73, 73, 74

Defoe, Daniel  69

Dennison, Captain Sir William RE: at Portsmouth Dockyard (from 1843)  98

Deptford

     mills for flour, oats, and roasting peas (1756)  57

     victualling warehouse  53

Deptford Dockyard

     basin  70

     shipwrights accept piece-work pay (1775)  22

     shoaling of the Thames (18th century)  79

     steam-driven bucket dredger  83

Devonport see Plymouth

Director of Admiralty Works

     Captain Henry Brandreth RE (1837)  98

     Colonel Sir Andrew Clarke (1864)  100, 101, 102, 104

     Colonel G. T. Greene  104

     Colonel C. Pasley  104

diving bells: at Sheerness  96

docks see caissons; dry docks; graving docks; wet docks

dockyards, French  70

Dover, victualling base  53, 61, 65

     bakehouse  65

     cuttinghouse  57, 65

     mill erected (1757)  57

Dover (46), HMS (1654)  72

Downs (sandbank)  76

Drake’s Island, Portsmouth  71, 71

dry docks

     defined  95

     granite  93–4

     timber  91

Dummer, Edward: introduces stone docks  91

Duncan, G.  42

Dundas, Robert, 4th Viscount Melville

     Storekeeper-General of the Navy (1832–69)  11

Dundas, Robert Saunders, see Melville, Robert Dundas, 2nd Viscount

E

East Gillingham Reach, Medway see Gillingham Reach

East Sand, Portsmouth Harbour 73

Easton and Anderson  97

Edgcumbe, Richard, 1st Baron Edgecumbe  57

Emery-Wallis, F. A. J.  32, 33

Endeavour (14), HMS (?)  73

English Heritage  27–8, 28, 30, 35, 36, 46, 47

Evelyn, Sir John  56

F

Fairbairn, William  98, 99

Fanshawe, Robert, Commissioner at Plymouth Dockyard (1801)  24

Ferry House embankment, Medway  84, 85

Festival of the Sea, Portsmouth (1998)  49, 50, 50

Fidler’s Reach, Thames  81

Fort Brockhurst, Gosport  98

Frewin, Admiral Sir Terence  32

G

Gabrielli, Mr (Chatham Dockyard contactor)  108–9

Galley Hill Farm, Kent  81

Gambier, Admiral James, 1st Baron Gambier, Commissioner of Portsmouth Dockyard  74

Gastrill, Roger, Master Attendant at Portsmouth Dockyard  74

Ghent: military sports hall  27

Gibraltar victualling base: personnel employed (1761)  63, 66

Giddens, A.  45

Giles, Mr: surveys Sheerness Dockyard  92

Gillett and Johnson  35

Gillingham  109

Gillingham Reach (Medway)  77, 78, 79, 80, 82, 83

Girdler (sandbank)  76

Goliath travellers  102, 103, 104

Goodwin Sands  76

Gosport

     navigation beacon erected (1774)  75

     Victualling Board brewhouses and cooperage (1753–57)  57

Graham, Sir James, 2nd Baronet, First Lord of the Admiralty (1830–34)  9–10, 18, 19, 21

Graves, Admiral Thomas, 1st Baron Graves  72

graving docks

     defined  95

     at Sheerness  94–5

Grays Reach, Thames  81

Great Henry  77

Greene, Colonel G. T., Director of Admiralty Works: at Chatham Dockyard  104

Gutters, Thomas (Victualling Board messer, 1756)  68n47

H

Halifax, Nova Scotia: mooring blocks at (1813)  42

Hamilton Bank, Portsmouth Harbour 73, 73

Hamoaze (Plymouth)  79

Hampshire Buildings Preservation Trust  28

Hardy, Thomas, senior naval lord  12

Harris, Henry (pilot, 1760)  71

Harwich, victualling port  53

Harwich (64), HMS (1674): wrecked  72

Hawke, Admiral Sir Edward  89

Hawshire, Richard  64

Hemmans, Samuel (master attendant at Chatham Dockyard)  39, 42

Henrietta (ex-Langport) (50), HMS (1654): wrecked  71

Henry Jones Ltd  36

‘heritage’, defined  45

HGP Greentree Allchurch Evans  36

Hillsborough Barracks, Sheffield  28

Hone grabs  111

Horlock, John (Victualling Board sloop Catwater, 1761)  65

Horse Sands, Portsmouth Harbour 73, 73

Huddart, Captain Joseph: and Sheerness Dockyard  92

hulks, at the royal dockyards  70

Hume, Joseph, MP  12

Hutchinson, Henry (Victualling Board agent, 1761)  66

Hydraulic Engineering Co., Chester  111

I

Impregnable (98), HMS (1786): wrecked  74

Invincible (ex-Le Terrible) (74), HMS (1744): wrecked  74

Isle of Wight  73, 75

J

Jackson, Sir John  112

Jamaica, victualling base  53

James, Captain H. RE: at Portsmouth Dockyard (1843)  98

Jenkins, Michael  74

Jervis, Sir John, 1st Earl of St Vincent

     and breakwater in Plymouth Sound (1806)  72

     First Lord of the Admiralty (1801–4)  24

     and proposed dockyard at Northfleet  81

     surveys Torbay (1799)  72

Jessop, Josias: and Sheerness Dockyard  92

Jessop, William  80, 89n40

John Sturges and Co., Bowling Ironworks  94, 104

Joliffe and Banks: at Sheerness Dockyard  95

Julian, John (Victualling Board contractor, 1761)  65

Jupiter (Russian, 1812)  40–41

K

Kempthorne, Thomas, commissioner at Chatham Dockyard  78, 80

Kent (74), HMS (1762)  73

Keppel, Admiral Augustus, 1st Viscount Keppel  72

Kethole Reach  77

Kinsale, victualling base  53

Knight, Roger  73

Knock John (sandbank)  76

L

Laing, Oliver, master shipwright at Woolwich Dockyard  84

Lambarde, William  77

Langport see Henrietta

Latham, Ernest (site engineer at Portsmouth Dockyard)  104

Law, Admiral Sir Horace  30

Lay, John  34

Le Boufolc rock, Brest  88

Le Gullet channel, Brest  88

Leather, John Towlerton  102

Lenox (74), HMS (1758)  73

Les Fillettes reef, Brest  88

Lestock, Admiral Richard  72

Lewis, John (Victualling Board agent, 1761)  66

Lidgerwood cableways  113

Lively (38), HMS (1813)  83

Lobb, Captain William (Commissioner at Sheerness, 1811)  41

London Bridge, as cause of Thames silting  80, 84

London victualling base  54, 56, 61

     quarterly progress of victualling expenses (1756–63)  62

     list of employees (1761)  63

     sited at Tower Hill   55

     wharf contested by the Ordnance Board  56

Long Reach (Medway)  82

Long Sand (sandbank)  76

L’Orient  87, 87, 88, 88

M

McCarthy, Lily  30

McCormac, Richard  35

Macdonnell, J.  100

MacDougall, Philip

     ‘Harbour navigation and moorings of naval dockyards in the Atlantic region’  69–90

‘Reforming the Dockyards. The Whig experience of 1832’  9–20

Mackenzie, Lt Murdoch  75

McMurray, Campbell  35

Magnificent (74), HMS (1766): wrecked  88

Maitland, F. W., Superintendent at Portsmouth Dockyard (1833)  16

Marlborough (74), HMS (1767)  77

Marshall, George (Victualling Board sloop, 1761)  65

Mary (Victualling Board hired sloop, 1761)  65

Mary Rose  47, 48

Mary sloop (Victualling Board hired sloop, 1761)  65

Medway, River

     depth of (16th and 17th centuries)  77–8

     navigation hazards  76–7

     silting of (19th century)  80

     transport moorings (1800)  82

Medway Ports  98

Melbourne, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount, Prime Minister (1835–41)  18

Melville, Robert Dundas, 2nd Viscount: and proposed dockyard at Northfleet  81

Meyer, Christian Hendrick (site engineer at Portsmouth Dockyard)  103, 104

Middle Ground, Portsmouth Harbour 73, 73, 74, 75

Middle Sands (sandbank)  76

Middleton, Charles, 1st Baron Barham, Comptroller of the Navy  23

Mills, Suzanne (chimney sweep)  64

Minerve (38) (ex-La Minerve), HMS (1794)  87

Ministry of Defence: and military heritage  28

Minto, Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 2nd Earl of, First Lord of the Admiralty (1835–41)  17

Mitchell, James: civil engineer at Sheerness Dockyard (c. 1833)  96–7

Monarch (74), HMS (1765)  73

Monson, Admiral Sir William  77

Montagu, John, 4th Earl of Sandwich, First Lord of the Admiralty  22

Morriss, Roger, ‘Benthamism in the royal dockyards and British public culture, 1750–1850’  21–6

Mount Batten Point, Plymouth  71, 71

Mulgrave, Lord see Phipps, Henry

Murrays chain pumps  104

Museo Maritimo, Barcelona  28

N

navigation charts  75

Navy Board

     abolished (1832)  9

     imprest accounts not cleared (1807)  23

     Navy Bills  23

     Surveyors’ duties  10

Navy Civil Departments Act (1832)  9, 12

Navy Days, Portsmouth (1996)  49

Nichelson, William, master attendant at Portsmouth Dockyard  74

Nobbs, I.  42

Nore Sand  76

     lightship  76

Northfleet  76

     proposed royal dockyard  (1807)  81–2

O

Ommaney, John (Victualling Board agent, 1761)  64, 65

Ordnance Board: wharf in London  56

Owen, Robert  89n4

P

paddle steamers, for the navy  82–3

Palliser, George  42

Pasley, Colonel C., Director of Admiralty Works  104

Peake, John, Master Shipwright at Portsmouth Dockyard (1833)  16

Pembroke (60), HMS (1733): capsizes (1745)  77

Pembroke Dockyard: great storehouse  29

Peninsula Barracks, Winchester  28

Perambulation of Kent, A (Lambarde)  77

Perceval, Spencer  81

Peterel (or Petrel) (ex-Duchess of Manchester) (4), HMS (?)  75

Phipps, Henry, 1st Earl of Mulgrave, First Lord of the Admiralty (1807–10)  81

Physician of the Navy: established (1832)  10

Pilkington, Major Sir Henry  109

Plymouth, victualling base  54, 55, 61

     bakehouses and brewhouse  54–5, 55, 57, 65

     cooperage  65

     fresh water supply (1760)  57

     Stonehouse peninsula  55

     storekeepers at  64

     wharf built  57

Plymouth Dockyard

     basin  70

     Commissioner replaced by a superintendent (1832)  13

     Commissioners, named: Robert Fanshawe (1801)  24

     dry docks, stone (1690–1700)  91

     east ropery  27–8

     expansion (1890s)  109–10

     fire (27 September 1840)  19

     harbour  71–2, 71

     map  71

     Morice Yard  27, 31

     No. 4 Dock  113

     No. 5 Dock  113

     shipwrights strike over piece-work pay (1775)  22

     silting (18th and 19th centuries)  79, 80

     South Yard  28

     transport moorings (1747)  82

Plymouth Sound  71–2, 71, 72

Port Mahon, Minorca  53

Port Royal, Jamaica: ironwork at the naval hospital  94

Portland cement  100, 101, 106, 107

Portsmouth

     brewhouse  55

     seamarks  75

Portsmouth, victualling base  54, 55, 61, 64–5

     bakehouse  65

     cooperage  65

     furnaces built  56

     mill built (1744)  56

     storekeepers at  64

Portsmouth Dockyard  29

     Admiralty Library  31

     basin  70

     Block Mills  46

     Blockhouse  74

     Camber Dock  98–9

     clocktower  30, 31, 32, 34, 46

     commissioner: see resident commissioner

     Dockyard Apprentice Museum  46, 47–8, 49

     Dockyard Museum  32

     Douglas-Morris Gallery  31

     dry docks, stone (1690–1700)  91: see also numbered docks

     Goliath travellers  102, 103

     Great Basin: caissons at (1801)  96

     Heritage Area see Portsmouth Naval Base Heritage Area

     Keyham Harbour  99

     King Alfred Library  31, 33, 35

     Lily McCarthy Gallery  33, 36

     Master Attendants  73–4, 89n14

     Master Attendants, named

          Roger Gastrill  74

          William Nichelson  74

     Master Shipwrights: John Peake (1833)  16

     Middle Store see No. 10 storehouse

     Murrays chain pumps  104

     No. 3 Dock  91, 98, 99

     No. 6 Boathouse  35

     No. 7 Dock  98, 99

     No. 8 Dock  99

     No. 9 Storehouse  28, 30, 31, 31, 32, 34

     No. 10 Dock  99

     No. 10 Storehouse  28, 30, 30, 31–2, 34–5, 36

     No. 11 Dock  99

     No. 11 Storehouse  28, 30, 32, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36

     No. 12 Building  35

     No. 12 Dock  100, 109

     No. 13 Dock  100, 102, 109

     No. 14 Dock  100, 109

     No. 15 Dock  100, 109

     Portsea Lion Gate  47

     Portsmouth Naval Base Heritage Area  35, 46

     Portsmouth Naval Base Property Trust  34, 35, 36, 48

     Portsmouth Royal Dockyard Historical Society  34

     Portsmouth Royal Naval Museum see Royal Naval Museum

     Present Use Store see No. 11 storehouse

     Princess Anne Suite  35

     prison becomes a school of music  27

     Resident commissioner replaced by a superintendent (1832)  13

     Resident commissioners, named: James Gambier  75

     reuse stores  30

     ropery (rope house)  28, 30, 46

     Royal Naval Museum  31, 32, 33, 36, 47, 48

     scoring machine  46

     Semaphore Tower  47

     Ship shop  49

     shipwrights strike over piece-work pay (1775)  22

     silting (18th and 19 centuries)  79, 80, 84

     Sissons pile drivers  104

     Smithery  48

     South Basin Dock see No. 3 Dock

     South Store see No. 9 storehouse

     Steam Basin (begun 1843)  98–9, 99

     steam-driven bucket dredger  83, 84, 102, 103

     steam locomotives  103

     Superintendents, named: F. W. Maitland (1833)  16

     tidal basin  100

     transport moorings (1804)  82

     Victory Museum  32

Portsmouth Harbour  72–5, 73

Portsmouth Square Tower  27

Powerful, HMS (1895)  109

pozzolano lime cement  101, 106

Princess Augusta (Victualling Board sloop, 1761)  63

Q

Queen (98), HMS (1769)  40

R

Ramillies (74), HMS (1763)  72

Redhouse, London

     bakehouse  56, 63

     cooperage  56

     mill  56, 63, 64

     victualling warehouse  53, 56

     victualling wharf  56

Rennie, Sir John (1794–1874)

     Chatham Dockyard

          proposed river wall (1811)  75

          stone dock (c. 1820)  102

     report on silting at royal dockyards (1807)  79–81, 84

     Sheerness Dockyard

          cement of Septaria  93

          reconstruction (after 1815)  92

          steam-driven tongue-and-groove machine  92

          survey of (1808)  82

Resolution (74), HMS (1770)  73, 77

Riley, Ray, ‘Whose heritage? The case of Portsmouth dockyard’  45–51

Robin Wade and Partners  36

Rochefort  87, 87, 88–9

Rochester Bridge, as cause of silting in the Medway  80, 84, 85

Rolt, Peter: contractor at Portsmouth Dockyard  98

Roman cement  101, 106

Rotherhithe, London

     bakehouse  56, 63

     mills leased by the Victualling Board  55–6, 63

Rowe, Samuel (Victualling Board employee, 1716)  68n48

Royal Albert Dock  107

Royal Clarence Yard  27

royal dockyards

     Admiralty instructions of July 1833  13, 14

     apprentices  18

     clerks of the cheque  13

     commissioners (abolished 1832)  12–13

     community spirit in  22

     dockyard schools  19, 25

     first, second, and third class clerks (from 1816)  25

     first, second, and third class workers (from 1833 to 1840)  15–16, 17, 25

     foremen  14

     hulks  70

     inspectors (created June 1833)  14, 15

     instructors  18

     leading men  14, 15

     map  70

     master attendants  13

     master shipwrights  13, 14

     measurers (abolished 1833)  15

     moorings, for ships in Ordinary  70

     Ordinary (reserve)  70

     pay and remuneration

          ‘chips’ (perquisite) commuted (1801)  22

          day work  22

          fees and perquisites for clerks  22

          ‘job work’ abolished (1833)  14, 15

          pensions  16–17, 18

          perquisites abolished (1796–1801)  24

          piece work  22

               replaced by day wages (1833)  14, 15–16

          shipwrights’  22

          ‘task work’ abolished (1833)  14, 15

     police force  19

     scavelmen  83

     shipwrights  15

     shoaling workers  25

     steam-driven bucket dredgers  83

     storekeepers  13, 24

     superannuation see pay and remuneration, pensions

     superintendents (established (1832))  12

     surgeons (1830s)  11

     timber master (established 1801)  24

     timber supply  69

     transport moorings  82–3

     wages see pay and remuneration

     warping buoys see transport moorings

Royal George (100), HMS (1756): grounded in Portsmouth Harbour  73

Royal Naval School of Physical Training, Portsmouth  27

Royal William Victualling Yard, Plymouth  29

Ruby (64), HMS (1776)  40

Russel, Michael (Victualling Board agent, 1761)  66

S

St Catherine, London: brewhouse at  55

St Mary’s Reach (Medway)  83

St Nicholas’ Island, Portsmouth  71, 71

Sandwich, John Montagu, 4th Earl of, First Lord of the Admiralty: report on the navigation of the Medway (1773)  77

Sandwich (90), HMS (1759)  73

Sarah (Victualling Board hired sloop, 1761)  65

Sargent, Edward, ‘The development of dock construction at the royal dockyards in the nineteenth century’  91–114

SAVE  28

Scamp, William, Deputy Director of the Admiralty Works

     at Plymouth Dockyard  99

     at Portsmouth Dockyard  100

School of Naval Architecture, Portsmouth  18

seamarks, English Channel  75

Seppings, Robert  42

Sheerness Dockyard  93

     basins  93

     building slip  94, 95

     caissons  96–7, 97, 98

     civil engineer: James Mitchell  96

     coffer dams (begun 1813)  95–6

     dry docks  93–4

     emergency survey (1808)  82

     graving dock  94, 97

     Great Basin (opened 1823)  93, 95, 96

     Hollow Quay Walls  92–3, 92

     mast pond and mast stores  95

     Master Attendant: Joseph Whidbey   89n39

     model of  97–8

     mooring bollards, cast iron  94

     reconstruction (after 1815)  92–8

     resident engineer: John Thomas  95

     sea approaches to  76

     shipwrights accept piece-work pay (1775)  22

     steam-driven tongue-and-groove machine  92

Shepard, Thomas (Victualling Board messer, 1756 and 1761)  68n47

Shivering Sand (sandbank)  76

Shovell, Admiral Cloudesley  55

Sissons pile drivers  104

Skeleton Instructions (1832)  10, 11, 15

Smith, Edward Pease (site engineer at Portsmouth Dockyard)  103, 104

Smith, Philip (Victualling Board contractor, 1761)  65

Smith & Co.  102

Sovereign Reach, Medway see Gillingham Reach

Spit Sand, Portsmouth Harbour 73, 73

Spithead  72–3, 73

steam-driven bucket dredgers, naval  83

Stephens, Samuel (Victualling Board contractor, 1761)  65

Stone, William, Master Shipwright at Chatham Dockyard (1833)  16

Stonehouse Hospital, Plymouth  28

Storekeeper-General of the Navy: established (1832)  10

Stoughton Barracks, Guildford  28

Stringer, Phineas (Victualling Board contractor, 1761)  65, 66

Sturges and Co. see John Sturges and Co.

Sunk Sands (sandbank): lightship  76

Surridge, Rear Admiral Thomas  41

Surveyor-General of the Admiralty: established (1832)  10

Symonds, Rear Admiral Sir William  88

Symonds, William, Surveyor-General of the Admiralty (1832–37)  10, 15, 18

T

Tallis, Nigel  28

Taylors mixers  113

Temeraire, HMS (Directorate of Naval Physical Training and Sport)  27

Templar, Parlby and Templar  30

Terrible, HMS (1895)  109

Thames, River

dredging  76

     silting of (19th century)  80

Thames Conservators  76

Thames Ironworks  111

Thomas, John: Resident Engineer at Sheerness  95

Tolputt, James (Victualling Board messer at Dover, 1761)  65, 66

Toplis (or Topliss), William (Victualling Board messer, 1756 and 1761)  68n47

Torbay: surveyed (1799)  72

transport moorings, at the royal dockyards  82–3

Trinity House  76, 83

Tucker, Benjamin  23

Turku: ropery  27

U

Upnor Castle  78

Urry, J.  49

V

Venice Arsenale, re-use of  27

Victory (100), HMS (1765): as heritage object  46–7

Victualling Board  53–68

     abolished (1832)  9

     accounts for Deptford and Portsmouth yards not passed (1807)  23

     building programme (1703–39)  54–5

     building programme (1739–48)  56

     buys and processes live animals for meat  57, 68n49

     Caesar (sloop, 1761)  63

     estimated numbers of personnel (1757–63)  59

     financial problems (1703–39)  55

     fraud, allegations of  23

     fees and perquisites for clerks  22

     messers and salters, defined  62–3

     personnel numbers and costs (1761)  63, 67

     Princess Augusta (sloop, 1761)  63

     pursers’ accounts paid after delays  22

     victuals expedited from London to Portsmouth, Plymouth, Chatham and Dover (1757)  59

     Victualling Bills  23

     See also the individual bases at Chatham, Dover, Gibraltar, London, Portsmouth, and Plymouth

W

Walton, Captain Jacob  89n4

Warner Sands, Portsmouth Harbour  73

warping buoys see transport moorings

Warrior (40), HMS (1860)  47, 99

Watt, James: and Sheerness Dockyard  92

West Gillingham Reach, Medway see Gillingham Reach

Westwood Baillie, iron fabricators  108

wet docks  91

Whale Island  103

Whidbey, Joseph

     Master Attendant at Sheerness Dockyard  89n39

     Master Attendant at Woolwich Dockyard  89n39

     surveys Torbay (1799)  72

     works with Rennie on silting report  80, 81

White, I.  42

Wood, Henry 10

Woolwich, victualling warehouse  53

Woolwich Dockyard

     Master Attendant: Joseph Whidbey   89n39

     Master Shipwright: Oliver Laing  84

     shipwrights accept piece-work pay (1775)  22

     shoaling of the Thames (18th and 19th centuries)  79, 84, 85

     steam-driven bucket dredger (1808)  83, 84

Worcester (64), HMS (1769)  73

Worthington, John (Victualling Board contractor, 1761)  65, 66

Wren, Terry  34

Wrench, Thomas (Victualling Board sloop, 1761)  65